conjuctivitis Flashcards Preview

LS ophthamology > conjuctivitis > Flashcards

Flashcards in conjuctivitis Deck (27):
1

what is conjuctivitis

inflammation of the conjunctiva

2

causes

adenovirus most common
staph, strep, haemophilus
herpes simplex

3

what is it called when cornea and eyelid is involved

keratoconjuctivitis
blepharoconjuctivitis

4

signs and symptoms

red eye
discharge - yellow sticky /pus bacterial, white stringy- allergic
and watery-viral
chemosis-eye bulging
itchy
gritty

5

treatment

antihistamines
self resolving
disclofenc

6

corneal ulcers are commonly seen in who?

contact lense wearers

7

what are the symptoms of it ?

often red eye
irritation to eye
photophobia
sometimes altered vision but to say since lenses are taken out
very sore

8

what is it?

keratitis inflammation of the cornea

9

treatment

abx -oxfloxcin

10

what causes dendritic ulcers and can be used to treat it

herpes simplex
acyclivor

11

what is common cause of corneal ulcer

acanthameoba

12

medical term for dry eye

keratoconjunctivitis sicca (dry eye).

13

other causes

s.aureus
psueodonomas

14

what increases risk?

sleeping with lenses
showering with lenses in

15

what is uveitis

inflammation of the uveal tract/uvea
can be anterior intermediate or posterior chamber

16

signs and symptoms?

unilateral red eye
constriction of pupil
blurred vision
photophobia !!!!
floaters
headache
pain!!!!

17

intermediate and posterior signs


intermediate
Floaters
Blurred vision

posterior :Photopsia or seeing flashing lights !!!!,Floaters
Blurred vision

18

associations with systemic disease

bechets disease HLAB27
ankolysis spondolysis
crohns and UC
psoriatic arthritis
junvile arthritis
scardosis
MS

19

treatment

cytoplegic drug- to paralysis cilary body
steroids reduce inflammation
cyclosporine
vitrectomy

20

episcleritis

inflammation of the superficial layer of the eye

21

symptoms

mild tenderness, nodules, red in raised area

22

treatment

nsaid, corticosteroid

23

scleritis

inflammation of the sclera

24

symptoms

deep pain, wakes pain during sleep, RA association, bulging and redness of sclera

25

treatment

nsaid, corticosteroids

26

what is the name for pus in anterior chamber?

hypopyan

27

what is the name for blood in the anterior chamber?

hyphaema