Flashcards in Conscience And Desision Making Deck (50):
What is conscience?
Is the whole person, body, soul and intellect, trying to make judgements about right and wrong. It involves judgements about who one ought to be and what behaviour one ought to choose or reject.
What does the Catholic Church teach about conscience?
A human must always obey the certain judgement of conscience. If a person were to deliberately act against it, he would condemn himself. Yet it can happen that moral conscience remains in ignorance and makes errors.
What are kolberg's stages of conscience development?
Avoiding punishment, self interest, good-girl attitude, law and order, society and justice
How can kolbergs stages be applied to different scenarios?
In different situations people do different things depending on how developed their conscience is or what stage they are at.they may act a certain way to avoid punishment or please others.
Punishment and obedience
Something is seen as ok so long as the person is not hurt or punished.
Personal reward/personal usefulness (lollipop)
Doing something because it makes you feel good. Being nice to someone because you might get something out of it.
Right or wrong depends on what makes others happy or unhappy. If everyone says something is wrong that it is wrong. It is the peer pressure stage and depends on acceptance and rejection.
It's your duty (law and order)
Right is what an authority or the law says is right. There is no need to make individual decisions because they have already been made by the law.
Social contract (society)
One goes beyond rules, order or approval of others. Individuals believe that what is right is good for the society. Rules are not obeyed because of fear of punishment but because rules benefit others.
Personal conscience (justice)
At this stage one would be willing to risk punishment for an act they believe is right, even if everyone else disagrees. The goal is to bring about the greatest good.
What is the first step to making moral decisions as Christians?
Find out the facts. Begin by defining the issue at hand as clearly as possible.
What is the second step of moral decisions?
List all possible alternatives and the likely consequences.
What is the third step of moral decisions?
Seek advice from people you regard as authorities. They might be parents, older siblings because they have more experience in life.
What is the fourth step of moral decisions?
Be aware of the pressures. Pressures may prevent you from making free decisions and we'll thought out decisions.
What is the fifth step of moral decisions?
Check with your instinct. Gut feeling can be beneficial.
What is the sixth step of moral decisions?
Decide and act. You now have the information so you can decide.
What are some external pressures?
Legal requirements, parents, peer group, media, financial restraints, teachers, adults. If you are aware of these pressures then you can predict how they will distort your judgement.
What are the internal pressures?
Strong emotions, desire, conflict, egocentricity. In many decisions you will not have absolute freedom to decide because of external pressures.
Who are authorities?
People that you trust and can give you good advice.
What is the church's opinion on abortion?
You shall not kill an embryo. It is a crime
What is the church's opinion on alcohol?
You shall avoid any temptations such as drinking alcohol because it endangers you and others and may cause you to do evil.
What is the church's opinion on drugs?
It inflicts grave damage on human health and life. There use except medical is a grave offence.
What is the church's opinion on euthanasia?
Whatever the motives it is murder and is disrespectful to our creator.
What is a beatitude?
Any of the eight distinctive sayings of Jesus in the sermon on the Mount in which he declared that the poor, meek, those that mourn, the merciful, the peacemakers, the pure of heart, those who thirst Justice and those who are persecuted will receive blessings in heaven. The declarations of blessedness pronounced by Jesus
"Blessed are the poor in spirit"
We are challenged to be people who rely on God when we are in need. This allows god to help us.
"Blessed are the gentle"
We are challenged to be gentle and treat others with kindness, patience and compassion. This means we should go out of our way to help others.
"Blessed are those who mourn"
We are challenged to accept the times of sadness in our lives and to have the courage to say we are sorry when we make mistakes.
"Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for uprightness"
We are challenged to follow gods commandments and work to uphold the values of the Ten Commandments and christs new law of love
"Blessed are the merciful"
We are challenged to help others when in need, even if it means we put ourselves out. We need to forgive others and not hold grudges
"Blessed are the pure in heart"
We are challenged to be single minded people who are aware of our spiritual lives and who make god part of our lives.
"Blessed are the peacemakers"
We are challenged to be people who work for harmony in our communities and in the world
"Blessed are those who are persecuted"
Blessed are those who stand up for what is right and who fight for what is good and just.
What is there purpose of the commandments relation to the covenant?
The commandments are the rules that govern the covenant relationship with god. Breaking the commandments is synonymous with breaking the covenant.
What gospels contain the beatitudes?
In the gospel of Mathew and some in Luke.
What are the Ten Commandments?
They are the guidelines for the sort if behaviour expected of gods people. They are rules designed to ensure the survival and unity of a community. God inscribed them in two stone tablets which he gave to Moses on Mt Sinai.
What are the first three commandments and the last seven about?
Your relationship with god and then they rest provide us with practical foundations and guidelines about how to love each other.
"I am the lord your god. You shall not have strange gods before me"
You should only have one God, worship no one but the lord. It invites you to have faith in God.
"You shall not take the name of the lord your God in vain"
Gods name is holy and should always be used in a respectful way.
"Remember to keep Holy the Lords day"
Everyone needs to stop working on this day and refresh their body, soul and spirit. Balanced lives
"Honour your father and mother"
Children should love and respect their parents
"You shall not kill"
Human life in vulnerable and sacred. We are all created in Gods image and should not be disrespectful by killing each other.
"You shall not commit adultery"
We should keep our promises with each other. We should respect our bodies and others.
"You shall not steal"
Affirms the value of honesty and trust. Respect of each other and property.
"Your shall not bear false witness against your neighbour"
Reminds us of the value of truth and reminds us to be honest. Tells us to avoid telling lies about others.
"You shall not convert your neighbours wife"
Being generous and not being greedy or jealous.
"You shall not covert your neighbour's goods"
Not being jealous of each other's things.
Can the beatitudes and commandments be used today? Why?
What are the differences and similarities between the commandments and the beatitudes?
Beatitudes give us guidance about our lives whilst the commandments give us rules that me need to follow. Both are from god and for the good of his people
What are the virtues that help you make good decisions?
Wisdom, patience, insight fullness, understanding, loyalty, honesty, love