Contemporary Conflict & Challenge Flashcards Preview

Geography > Contemporary Conflict & Challenge > Flashcards

Flashcards in Contemporary Conflict & Challenge Deck (27):
1

Conflict

Disagreement caused by actual or perceived opposition of needs, values and interests between people.

2

Challenge

A task or issue which is provocative, threatening, stimulating or an incitement to debate. Often allows alternative views to be expressed.

3

Identity

Common set of attitudes and experiences

4

Ideology

Sets of ideas about how a society should be

5

Ethnicity

Having a separate identity through religion, race or language.

6

Culture

Sharing language, arts, values and behaviour

7

Wealth/resources

Differing levels of wealth and resources.

8

Localism

Where issues or values bring local people together, such as against government closures of local services.

9

Regionalism

Where, for example, one region tries to take control of functions from a national government.

10

Nationalism

Where a particular country asserts its dominance over other people or nations. A belief in the value of a nation and its sense of identity for a population.

11

Territorialism

Where a geographical area is defined for a particular purpose, such as the exploration of oil.

12

Geopolitics

Study of the ways in which political discussions and processes affect the way space and resources are used. Relationship between geography, economics and politics.

13

Multiculturalism

Where significant numbers differ from the majority population in terms or language, customs, festivals, food dress or religious belief.

14

World Poverty line

UN measure. People living on less than $1.25 a day 2005 GDP PPP

15

Poverty

The inability to afford basic things such as safe drinking water, food, shelter, sanitation, healthcare and education.

16

GNP per capita

Total value of all the goods and services produced by a country in a year including income from foreign investments, divided by total population.

17

GDP per capita

Total value of all the goods and services produced by a country in a year divided by total population.

18

Separatism

A move by a minority group toward greater independence and autonomy.

19

Highly Indebted Poor Countries

38 least developed countries with greater debt.

20

Millenium Development Goals

Eight UN targets to be achieved by 2015 to tackle global poverty.

21

Economic Security

Stable and sustainable economy where individuals have a reliable basic income.

22

Food security

Access to a reliable source of sufficient food.

23

Health security

Protection from diseases and access to healthcare.

24

Personal, community and political security

Being protected from violence, crime and human rights abuses.

25

Human Development Index

Indicates development of countries by examining the achievements of the inhabitants of the country. The index factors in three important elements: standard of living, life expectancy, and literacy level.

26

Physical Quality of Life Index

An attempt to measure the quality of life or well-being of a country. The value is the average of three statistics: basic literacy rate, infant mortality, and life expectancy at age one, all equally weighted on a 0 to 100 scale.

27

UK ethnic mix

92.1% white, 4% Asian, 2% black, 0.4% Chinese.
45% ethnics live in London, 29% of London's population.
4% ethnics live in SW, 2% population.
78% black Africans London, 54% Bangladeshis live in London