Contemporary study - Sebastian and Hernandez-Gil (2012) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Contemporary study - Sebastian and Hernandez-Gil (2012) Deck (18):
1

Aims: what had Sebastian and Hernandez him measured before this study

The development of the phonological loop component of working memory

2

Aims: what findings did they want to confirm in this study

Confirm the findings of Anglo-Saxon participant who’s digit span increased with age until 15 where it levelled out

3

Aim: what was their aim for the elderly and adults with dementia

To Compare Spanish children with elderly Anglo-Saxon adults and people with dementia

4

Procedure: was it a lab or field experiment

Field

5

Procedure :what was the independent variable

Year of schooling (year group)

6

Procedure: what was the dependent variable

The mean verbal digit span

7

Procedure: how many children participants where there

575 children

8

Procedure: which country and city where the pre-, primary and secondary schools

Spain, Madrid

9

Procedure: what did all of the children not have

No child had repeated a year

None of the children presented hearing disorder, reading or writing difficulties or any other cognitive impairment

10

Procedure: when where the children tested and was it in groups or individually

The children where tested during break times

Individually tested

11

Procedure: how where the children tested

They where given a random sequence of random digits that increased by one in length each time

12

Procedure: what was digit span defined as

The longest sequence the child could recall 2 times out of 3 in order without error

13

Results: what happened to the digit span with age

Increased

14

Results: what was the mean of the average digit span for 5 yr olds

Mean = 3.76

15

Results: what was the mean of the average digit span for 11 yr olds

Mean= 5.28

16

Results: what was the mean for the average digit span for 17 yr olds

Mean = 5.91

17

Results: what was found in the digit span for elderly Anglo Saxon people

That their digit span was not much different to the 17 yr olds

18

Results: what was found in the digit span of people with dementia

Was similar to that of healthy elderly people