Flashcards in Content Deck (42):
What Manifesto promoting the community of man and the elimination of religious influence was written by authors Marx and Engel in 1848?
When was the original Humanist Manifesto written?
How many different versions of the Humanist Manifesto are there?
What historical movement was this person a part of?
In what decade was the famous Scopes Trial?
What was the name of the law that made it illegal to teach evolution in Tennessee schools?
The Butler Act
What organization sponsored a Tennessee high school teacher to break the law on purpose?
What was the trial really about, causing so many members of the national and international media to attend?
Philosophical arguments over the origins of life
What were the two significant events that led to the writing of the second Humanist Manifesto?
Continual War throughout the 20th Century & Support for Roe v Wade in 1973
What is the quote from the second Humanist Manifesto that illustrates their foundational beliefs?
“No deity will save us, we must save ourselves”
What term, describing humanism was dropped from the first to the second Humanist Manifesto?
According to Humanists, man is basically what?
According to Humanists, relief from the personal and societal problems, AND the meaning to life comes from where?
Satisfying one’s desires
Humanism believes that who is responsible for the realization of an individual’s dreams and achievements?
Human beings themselves
Humanism puts it’s faith in man’s ______ achievements.
Humanism rejects dualism, which is:
The belief in body, soul, and spirit contained in oneself
Humanism believes that the universe was ______ and was not ____.
Self existing & created
Humanists do not believe that the value of an individual’s self-worth can be found in a relationship with God through ______ or _______?
Worship or prayer
Humanists believe that the value of an individual’s self-worth is to be found in relationships with ___
Humanists believe that traditional religion gives individuals
False hopes & wishful thinking
What three examples do the writers of the Humanist Manifesto called “advancements” to conclude that a new situation has been created “which requires a new statement of the means and purposes of religion.”
1. Human’s larger understanding of the universe
2. Human’s scientific achievements
3.Human’s deeper appreciation of the brotherhood
What kind of language is the following statement “The is great danger of a final, and we believe fatal, identification of the word religion with doctrines and methods which have lost their significance and which are powerless to solve the problem of human living in the 20th Century.”
The Humanist Manifesto states that religion is to meet which two needs of humanity?
Adequate social goals & personal satisfactions
Humanist Manifesto states that the universe was NOT created….what did they believe?
It was self existing
How does the Humanist Manifesto explain where man came from?
Emerged from the cosmos (and then evolved)
What process does the Humanist Manifesto reject in regards to the following quotes from the 4th and 5th section:
a. “the individual born into a particular culture is largely molded by that culture.”
b. “it is “unacceptable (for) any supernatural or cosmic guarantees of life”
c. that an individual is “determining existence and the value of any and all realities”
We were uniquely created by God
We were born with original Sin
We are in need of redemption
When an individual is trying to “determine the existence and the value of any and all realities”, what are the two methods that the Humanist Manifesto advises them to use in attainment of that goal?
Use intelligent Inquiry
Make an assessment of how it relates to human needs
The Humanist Manifesto states that “religion must formulate its hopes and plans in the light of the ______ _____ and _______.”
Scientific , spirit , method
What is being transferred when the Humanist Manifesto makes the abovementioned claim?
Transferring the authority of religion from God to humans (through human’s faith in science).
How does the Humanist Manifesto believe that humans can come to a “complete realization of the human personality?”
By fulfilling oneself in the here and now
What two ways does the HM promote as the correct manner for humans to express their “religious emotions?”
a. Have a heightened sense of personal life
b. Make a co-operative effort to create social well-being
What are the two ways Christianity believes individuals are to express their “religious emotions?”
a. Loving God
b. Loving Others
In facing the crises of life:
The Humanist Manifesto states that man will learn to face the crises of life in terms of which two manners?
knowledge of naturalness (which is science)
knowledge of probability (which is math)
Which two areas of academic curriculum is identified in the abovementioned problem?
Furthermore, the Humanist Manifesto states that man will no longer face the crises of life in which three manners?
What are the two ways advised in the Humanist Manifesto in order to ensure that man will face the crises of life in the way they have determined to be correct?
fostered by education
supported by custom
What has been created in US Government that illustrates the following statement: “We assume the humanism will take the path of social and mental hygiene.”
What economic structure does the Humanist Manifesto promote?
What economic structure does the Humanist Manifesto reject?
The Humanist Manifesto states that all associations and institutions exist for what purpose?
Fulfillment of human life
What were the two primary reasons why the ideas in the Humanist Manifesto found an acceptable audience in Western Civilization?
appeals to humans inherent sinful nature
appeals to those who are seeking to be out from under the control of organized religion
What makes the Humanist Manifesto a religious document?
It has a set of principles and values that one is to adhere to