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Flashcards in Continguency Theory Deck (9)
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Who developed contingency theory

Fred fielder



Mid 1960's


Who was he

A scientist who studied personalities and characteristics of leaders.


What does it state

That effective leadership depends not only on the styles of leading but on conflict in a given situation.
Needs fir good leader-member relationships.


Least preferred co-worker scale

Identify whether an individuals leadership style is relationship orientated or task orientated. Person rates the individual they would least like to work with in a scale of 18-25 with ratings from 1-8. It then computed by totalling all the ratings. A high score indicates the person is relationship orientated.


Situational favourables

1. Leader-member relations: level of tryst and confidence that the team has in you. A leader who is more trusted is in a more favourable situation.
2. Task-structure: refers to the type of task you're doing, clear, or vague. Unstructured tasks or tasks where the leaders have little knowledge of how to achieve them are viewed favourably.
3. Leader position power: the amount of power you have to direct a group, provide reward or punishment. More power=more favourable.


Criticisms of contingency

Not flexible.


Criticisms least preferred coworker scale

If you fall near the middle then it would be unclear which style of leader you are.


Applying to social care:

1. Identifying your leadership styles.
2. Identify situation.
3. Determine the most effective leadership style.