Controlled deliveries & tracking devices Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Controlled deliveries & tracking devices Deck (18):
1

What is a controlled delivery?

S12 MODAmmendment act 1978Controlled deliveries are a power given to customs when they detect a consignment of illicit drugs. They allow the delivery of goods under surveillance with a view to identify the importer. Police have a role to arrest and prosecute.

2

What are the two options with controlled deliveries?

- Clean controlled - no drugs left, eliminates risk of drugs being lost, charges limited to importing or conspiracy - no possession.

- Leaving a small amount in consignment enables option for a charge if possession for supply, allows use of emergency powers, requires greater security.

3

What situations can give rise to a controlled delivery?

International mail centre
International airport
Imported air freight
Imported sea freight
Transhipped air or sea freight
Arriving commercial vessel

4

What should be considered in profiling a package for a controlled delivery?

- sender location
- any phone number attached or accompanying documentation
- IMEI/SIM undertaken at early stage
- telecommunication service providers portability of cell phones
-DNA / fingerprinting / handwriting / impressions / mechanical fit
- multiple packages, including dummy runs to target address or associated addresses

5

What should be considered in profiling the addressee prior to a controlled delivery?

- previous occupiers
- real person or false name
- connections to delivery address
- relevant convictions/notings/associations
- travel/connections to country of origin
- bank accounts - large deposits, overseas transfers
- full ID of target if possible
- photographs
- Intel held (police/other)
- suspects knowledge of covert techniques
- suspects knowledge/ skill in technology
- suspects travel history
- financial profile
- family members, associates, vehicles, addresses and places frequented
- general lifestyle
- business associations
- tracking device for vehicles
- risk assessment

6

What should be considered in profiling the delivery address for a controlled delivery?

- police intel
- occupants
- local council
- council plans of street and target premises
- rubbish delivery
- HNZ
- telecommunications providers
- electricity/gas
- timing of mail to address
- previous occupants & neighbours
- landlord/ owner of property
- police staff who have previously visited
- chis info
- fixed or mobile surveillance
- photos/videos of premises
- security inc animals
- customs powers vs police powers for obtaining information
- mail stop/flag address to capture further deliveries
- suspect may be monitoring/surveilling delivery address
- task customs to back capture previous deliveries

7

During the intel phase of a controlled delivery operation what things should be profiled?

Package
Delivery address
Addressee
Potential address for OP - address and occupants

8

What should be considered in profiling an address for an OP?

- proximity to target address
- uninstructed line of sight to target address
- access to and from address without arousing suspicion
- ability to beam signals and/tap into telecom cables
- phone lines available in street
- other conditions relating to the vicinity of the OP

9

What should be considered in profiling the occupants for an OP?

- NIA check for convictions, associations
- employment
- credit checks
- power account
- CUSMOD checks

10

In a search following a controlled delivery what things should be looked for as evidence?

- evidence relating to the importation
- track and trace receipts
- correspondence
- computers, faxes and cell phones
- emails
- contact lists/numbers
- packaging from previous importations
- money and financial records
- scales and packaging etc in relation to supply charges
- PO box documentation
- travel documentation
- passports

11

What are the emergency powers in relation to controlled deliveries?

Emergency powers specifically relating to controlled deliveries are found in s81 s&s2012

In the event you need to stop a vehicle
Powers are found under s121 s&s2012

12

S19-24 s&s2012

S19 - search person when 4x
S20 - RGTB schedule 1, 2 or 3 part 1 or schedule 4 part 3 RGTS drugs CADD
S22 - search people as per 20
S23 - internal search
S24 - hold if declined

13

Where is the provision for use of tracking devices found?

S46 s&s2012

14

How long can a tracking device be installed for without a warrant before needing to be removed or a warrant obtained?

72 hours

15

How long can a surveillance device be installed for before needing to be removed or a warrant obtained?

48 hours

16

Which drugs do emergency device warrants relate to?

Controlled drugs in schedule 1, part 1 of schedule 2, part 1 of schedule 3 or part 3 of schedule 4

17

What powers are available for an internal search for drugs?

S13A MODA - RGTB (and not arrested) - class A or B - police or customs - district court judge detainment warrant - detain for 7 days (renewable up to 21 days)

S23 S&SA - arrested under 6, 7 or 11 MODA - and RGBT - any class - police only - require suspect to permit medical practitioner - oppose bail for 2 days

18

Methods of controlled deliveries

- allow the package to be collected by or delivered to or on behalf of the consignee
- allow the package to be delivered by a person who has agreed to cooperate with police/customs
- deliver the package (police/customs posing as postie/courier)
- return package to appropriate carrier for delivery to addressee (courier/postie to deliver)