Core Stabilization Flashcards Preview

SCT3 Therapeutic Exercise > Core Stabilization > Flashcards

Flashcards in Core Stabilization Deck (17):
1

What is the aim of core stabilization?
(2)

LEARN TO CONTROL POSITION OF LUMBAR SPINE
+
DURING DYNAMIC MOVEMENT

2

TRUE or FALSE
The lumbar spine is inherently unstable, and requires constant CNS feedback allowing refinement of movement.

TRUE

3

Lumbar and trunk structures work together to do what?

PROPERLY DISTRIBUTE FORCES
+
GENERATE MAXIMUM FORCE with MINIMUM COMPRESSION

4

Stabilization is defined as: maintaining the spine in a __________, ___________, ________ _______ position through continuous fine adjustments in muscle tension in response to fluctuation loads.

SAFE, NEUTRAL, PAIN FREE

5

The core's muscular box is as follows:
____________ in the front
____________ and _____________ in the back
____________ as the roof
____________ and _____________ as bottom

front - ABDOMINALS
back - PARASPINALS and GLUTEALS
roof - DIAPHRAGM
bottom - PELVIC FLOOR and HIP GIRDLE

6

Name the 5 stabilizing global muscles that control the lumbar spine?

1. ERECTORS
2. RECTUS ABDOMINUS
3. INTERNAL / EXTERNAL OBLIQUES
4. LATERAL QL
5. PSOAS

7

Name the 4 stabilizing deep segmental muscles that control the lumbar spine?

1. MULTIFIDUS
2. TRANSVERSE ABDOMINALS
3. DEEP EXTERNAL ROTATORS
4. DEEP PORTION QL

8

Why are the global muscles unable to stabilize individual spinal segments except through compressive loading?

they have
LITTLE / NO DIRECT ATTACHMENT TO VERTEBRAE

9

Deep muscles attached to each spinal segments provide what?

SEGMENTAL STABILITY
so inert tissues not stressed

10

"Setting the Core" stability training involves learning to co-contract which 3 muscles?

TRANSVERSE ABDOMINALS
+
MULTIFIDUS
+
PELVIC FLOOR

11

What is the name of the technique used for "setting the core"?

ABDOMINAL HALLOWING
aka
DRAWING IN MANEUVER

12

Name the technique used to activate TrA and other muscles including external and internal obliques?

ABDOMINAL BRACING

13

An increase in intra-abdominal pressure and tension on the TL fascia is from co-contraction of what?

TRANSVERSE ABDOMINALS
+
INTERNAL OBLIQUES

14

The ____ ________ wraps around the spine, so the resulting tension of the co-contraction of TrA + IO produces compressive and stabilizing forces on the lumbar spine.

TL FASCIA

15

To stabilize the L-spine, the co-contraction of which 3 muscles should occur before any limb movement?

TRANSVERSE ABDOMINALS
+
MULTIFIDUS
+
PELVIC FLOOR

(same as setting the core)

16

The deep trunk muscles are trained for ____________ at low level force with ____________ contractions.

ENDURANCE
+
ISOMETRIC

17

How should a person breathe when co-contracting TrA and multifidi?

NORMAL, DO NOT HOLD