Corynebacterium Flashcards Preview

Bacteriology Exam 1 > Corynebacterium > Flashcards

Flashcards in Corynebacterium Deck (24):
1

Shape?

Pleomorphic

2

Oxygen?

Aerobes or facultative anaerobes

3

Mycolic acids?

Yes

4

Spore-forming?

No

5

Usually follows ________ (opportunisitic)

TIssue trauma

6

Where is Corynebacterium commensal?

Mucous membranes

7

Where does Corynebacterium survive?

In macrophages

8

What does Corynebacterium cause?

Chronic granulomatous diseases

9

Which virulence factor helps protect the bacteria from host phagocytes?

External lipid coat

10

What virulence factor helps increase vascular permeability of the host cells to allow bacterial entry?

PLD

11

Which virulence factor interferes with protein synthesis in the cell?

Diphtheria toxin

12

Which species is affected by the nitrate-reducing biotype of C. pseudotuberculosis?

Horses and cattle

13

Which species of Corynebacterium infects lab rodents?

C. kutscheri

14

Chronic pyogranulomatous infection of lymph nodes in sheep and goats

Caseous lymphadentitis

15

What is another disease that is a side effect of internal abscesses caused by caseous lymphadentis?

Thin ewe syndrome

16

What does SHI test detect?

Antibodies to Phospholipase D exotoxin

17

What are the common names of ulcerative lymphangitis in horses?

Pigeon fever, dry-land distemper

18

Infectious, inflammatory condition of the cutaneous lymphtic system of lower limbs and chronic abscesses in the pectoral and ventral region

Ulcerative lymphangitis

19

What is the seasonal incidence of ulcerative lymphangitis?

Fall/early winter

20

How is ulcerative lymphangitis transmitted?

Flies

21

Inflammation of urinary bladder that may ascend the ureters to cause infection of the kidneys

Contagious bovine pyelonephritis

22

What is the reservoir for contagious bovine pyelonephritis?

Vulva and vagina of clinically normal carrier cows

23

What organs does murine pseudotuberculosis affect?

Lungs, kidney, liver, heart, joints, and lymph nodes

24

What is the name of the disease in lab rodents caused by C. kutscheri?

Murine pseudotuberculosis