Counselling and management for anticipated extremely preterm birth Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Counselling and management for anticipated extremely preterm birth Deck (17):

What is the WHO definition of GA?

Completed days and weeks from the first day of the last menstrual period


What is the definition of an extremely preterm birth?

Birth that occurs between 22+0 weeks to 25+6 weeks


What information do parents report as useful to receive during counseling?

1. Likelihood of survival
2. Risk of disability
3. Medical treatments
4. Anticipated problems
5. NICU experience
6. Parenting
7. Coping with stress


What are some strategies to enhance consistency in information provided to parents?

1. Joint counseling from obstetrics and neonatal team
2. Interdisciplinary consensus guidelines
3. Staff information cards
4. Case management rounds
5. Clearly documented and readily available antenatal consultations
6. Updated management plans incld. management of labour, mode of delivery, care of infant


What mode of decision making is recommended in the perinatal setting?

Shared decision making between health professionals and parents
Decision aids assist parents in making decisions


What are the recommendations for the care of the mother at risk of extremely preterm birth?

1. Accurate assessment of GA (early US 8-14wk, precise to +/-5d in 1st trimester, +/-10d at 16-22wk)
2. Transfer care to tertiary perinatal centres
3. Antenatal corticosteroids should be offered
4. Short-term tocolysis should be considered to facilitate in-utero transfer
5. Consider administering MgSO4 for fetal neuroprotection
6. Decision re: mode of delivery should be made jointly between mother and her obstetrician
7. Classical c-section is required before 24wks GA and includes risks of maternal blood loss, impaired fertility, and uterine rupture in future pregnancies


What are the Canadian survival rates for extremely preterm infants?

< 22 wks 8%
23 wks 36%
24 wks 62%
25 wks 78%


What are significant short-term neonatal morbidities that are associated with long term disability?

1. >Grade 3 IVH
2. PVL
3. ROP


What is the difference in significant short term neonatal morbidities in extremely premature infants?

No difference among surviving infants born @ 22/23, 24, and 25 wks GA


What are severe adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18-24mo?

1. Cerebral palsy
2. Cognitive impairment (test score > 2SD below mean)
3. Seizures
4. Blindness
5. Deafness


What is the survival free of severe adverse neurodevelopmental outcome in Canada?

At 23wks 35-50%
At 24wks 37-57%
At 25wks 37-70%


What other problems are more common in preterms?

2. Language delays
3. Health-related issues
4. Hospital readmissions


What additional factors influence outcome in preterm infants?

1. Birth at a tertiary perinatal centre
2. ANCS therapy
3. Female sex
4. Multiplicity


What are the recommendations regarding elective cesarean section before 24wks GA?

Not recommended unless for maternal indications


What are the recommendations regarding care at 22 weeks GA?

Non-interventional approach w/ focus o comfort care


What are the recommendations regarding care at 23-25 weeks GA?

1. Counselling about outcomes and decision making around whether to institute active treatment should be individualized
2. At 23-24wks GA active treatment is appropriate for some infants
3. Most infants of 25 wks GA have improved survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes and active treatment is appropriate for these infants except when there are significant additional risk factors


What are the recommendations for all extremely preterm infants who are not resuscitated?

They must receive compassionate palliative care, incld. warmth and pain relief

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