COUPLES Flashcards Preview

sociology > COUPLES > Flashcards

Flashcards in COUPLES Deck (55):
1

define domestic labour

psychological, physical, sexual, financial and emotional violence or abuse

2

what have the home office (2013) reported about the patterns in domestic labour?

any pattern of incident of controlling threatening behaviour of those 16+ has been between intimate partners/family regardless of gender or sexuality

3

what has the crime survey of England and Wales (2013) reported about domestic labour?

7.3% women and 5% of men have reported having reported domestic abuse

4

why do some sociologists reject the view of domestic violence ?

because it is far too wide spread and it doesn't occur randomly

5

who does Coleman et al. believe is more likely to suffer 'intimate violence' ?

women are 4x more likely to suffer 'intimate violence' across 4 types of abuse

6

who believes that if a mans authority is challenged violence could trigger?

Dobash and Dobash

7

according to Walby and Allen who are more likely to be victims, men or women?

women

8

what did Ansora and Hindin report in 2011?

women suffered more severe violence and women are more likely to be fearful of their partners

9

what are 5 problems studying domestic violence?

maintaining valid info
police statistics rely on reports received from individuals
insentive methods
male researchers
difficulties defining domestic violence

10

How do official statistics understate the true extent of domestic violence?

1. unreported incidents
2. police are reluctant to record/investigate cases

11

what is the average amount of assaults women suffer before reporting it according to Yearnshire?

35

12

why are police reluctant to record assaults due to Cheal?

family is seen as a positive thing so agencies decline the 'darker side' of families

13

why don't some people report their assaults according to Dar?

some people believe domestic violence isn't a police matter

14

what feminists believes men dominate through violence?

Dobash and Dobash

15

who says that men are apposed to domestic violence?

Elliot

16

what is the marxist view of Wilkinson and Pickett of domestic labour?

domestic violence is the result of stress caused by inequality. The increased risk of conflict and violence is due to lack of money and time, reducing social interaction

17

what does the marxist view of Wilkinson and Pickett fail to do?

it fails to explain why women are the main victims

18

what type of theorist is Parson?

functionalist

19

according to Parson who takes on the instrumental role?

male/husband

20

what is the instrumental role?

the breadwinner

21

who takes on the expressive role?

female/wife

22

according to Parson are the instrumental and expressive roles naturally suited or not?

naturally suited

23

what is the expressive role?

the homemaker and primary socialiser of the children

24

what does Young an Willmott argue against Parsons role theory?

men are not starting to take a greater role in domestic labour and women are becoming the breadwinners

25

what do feminists argue against Parson?

it only benefits men

26

does Parson believe the naturally suited roles of men and women is beneficial or not?

beneficial

27

what 2 roles does Bott identify?

segregated conjugal roles
joint conjugal roles

28

who does Young and Willmott believe is more likely to have segregated conjugal roles?

working class extended families

29

what type of family do Young and Willmott introduce

the symmetrical family

30

give 4 reasons for the encouragement of the symmetrical family?

changes in womens positions
geographical mobility
new technology
higher standards of living

31

what type of couples do Young and Willmott are more likely to be symmetrical?

Younger couples

32

Young and Willmott support the march of progress view, what is this?

the march of progress believe families equality is improving

33

why do feminists reject the march of progress view?

women and men are still unequal

34

why does Oakley criticise Young and Willmott

Oakley believe they over exaggerated. she found that 25% men had higher levels in participation of childcare and 15% men had high levels of participation of housework

35

who else other than Oakey believed Young and Willmott over exaggerated ?

Soulten

36

what did Soulten find?

20% husbands had major roles in childcare

37

what is the optimistic view of the domestic divison of labour?

women going out to work is leading to more equal division of labour at home

38

who believe men get more than they give back?

Barrett and McIntosh

39

According to Kempson what do women have no entitlement too in many households?

to a share of household resources in her own right e.g. money is spent on children other then herself

40

who introduced the allowance system and pooling?

Pahl and Vogler

41

what is the allowance system

the man gives and allowance to his wife to budget on the family

42

what is pooling

both parents have access to income and joint responsibility

43

why doesn't pooling always mean equality?

men still usually make the decisions

44

who does Edgell believe makes the very important decisions such as finance and who makes the least important decisions such as house decor?

important decisions are usually made by the husband

least important decisions are usually made by the wife

45

what do Lourie and Gershurry argue against Edgell?

Lourie and Gershurry found that by 1995 70% couples said they had equal say in decisions

46

according to feminists how is men being the decision makes instituted ?

through gender role socialisation

47

who are less likely to pool their money ?

cohabiting couples to maintain independence

48

what type of couple is more likely to share domestic labour ?

cohabiting couples

49

who found that same sex couples were happy to leave control of money to their partners? WHY?

smart
and because there are no gender scripts

50

what is a typical pattern of pooling in same sex couples according to Week et al.?

pooling money for household spending and having a separate account for personal spending

51

give and example of a sociologist who believes in the march of progress?

Sullivan

52

what are Sullivans beliefs supporting the march of progress?

domestic labour is shared most equally when the husband and wife both work fulltime

53

who believes women going into paid work hasn't led to greater equality?

feminists

54

give 3 supporting evidences for Baultory

1.Ferri and Smith - in fewer than 4% families did the father take responsibility for childcare

2.Dex and ward - 1% men looked after their children when they were sick

3.Brown, Vincent and Bali - 3/70 families where the father was the main caregiver

55

what are 3 activities that make up the triple shift according to Buncombe and Marsden?

housework
paidwork
emotion