Flashcards in COUPLES Deck (55):
define domestic labour
psychological, physical, sexual, financial and emotional violence or abuse
what have the home office (2013) reported about the patterns in domestic labour?
any pattern of incident of controlling threatening behaviour of those 16+ has been between intimate partners/family regardless of gender or sexuality
what has the crime survey of England and Wales (2013) reported about domestic labour?
7.3% women and 5% of men have reported having reported domestic abuse
why do some sociologists reject the view of domestic violence ?
because it is far too wide spread and it doesn't occur randomly
who does Coleman et al. believe is more likely to suffer 'intimate violence' ?
women are 4x more likely to suffer 'intimate violence' across 4 types of abuse
who believes that if a mans authority is challenged violence could trigger?
Dobash and Dobash
according to Walby and Allen who are more likely to be victims, men or women?
what did Ansora and Hindin report in 2011?
women suffered more severe violence and women are more likely to be fearful of their partners
what are 5 problems studying domestic violence?
maintaining valid info
police statistics rely on reports received from individuals
difficulties defining domestic violence
How do official statistics understate the true extent of domestic violence?
1. unreported incidents
2. police are reluctant to record/investigate cases
what is the average amount of assaults women suffer before reporting it according to Yearnshire?
why are police reluctant to record assaults due to Cheal?
family is seen as a positive thing so agencies decline the 'darker side' of families
why don't some people report their assaults according to Dar?
some people believe domestic violence isn't a police matter
what feminists believes men dominate through violence?
Dobash and Dobash
who says that men are apposed to domestic violence?
what is the marxist view of Wilkinson and Pickett of domestic labour?
domestic violence is the result of stress caused by inequality. The increased risk of conflict and violence is due to lack of money and time, reducing social interaction
what does the marxist view of Wilkinson and Pickett fail to do?
it fails to explain why women are the main victims
what type of theorist is Parson?
according to Parson who takes on the instrumental role?
what is the instrumental role?
who takes on the expressive role?
according to Parson are the instrumental and expressive roles naturally suited or not?
what is the expressive role?
the homemaker and primary socialiser of the children
what does Young an Willmott argue against Parsons role theory?
men are not starting to take a greater role in domestic labour and women are becoming the breadwinners
what do feminists argue against Parson?
it only benefits men
does Parson believe the naturally suited roles of men and women is beneficial or not?
what 2 roles does Bott identify?
segregated conjugal roles
joint conjugal roles
who does Young and Willmott believe is more likely to have segregated conjugal roles?
working class extended families
what type of family do Young and Willmott introduce
the symmetrical family
give 4 reasons for the encouragement of the symmetrical family?
changes in womens positions
higher standards of living
what type of couples do Young and Willmott are more likely to be symmetrical?
Young and Willmott support the march of progress view, what is this?
the march of progress believe families equality is improving
why do feminists reject the march of progress view?
women and men are still unequal
why does Oakley criticise Young and Willmott
Oakley believe they over exaggerated. she found that 25% men had higher levels in participation of childcare and 15% men had high levels of participation of housework
who else other than Oakey believed Young and Willmott over exaggerated ?
what did Soulten find?
20% husbands had major roles in childcare
what is the optimistic view of the domestic divison of labour?
women going out to work is leading to more equal division of labour at home
who believe men get more than they give back?
Barrett and McIntosh
According to Kempson what do women have no entitlement too in many households?
to a share of household resources in her own right e.g. money is spent on children other then herself
who introduced the allowance system and pooling?
Pahl and Vogler
what is the allowance system
the man gives and allowance to his wife to budget on the family
what is pooling
both parents have access to income and joint responsibility
why doesn't pooling always mean equality?
men still usually make the decisions
who does Edgell believe makes the very important decisions such as finance and who makes the least important decisions such as house decor?
important decisions are usually made by the husband
least important decisions are usually made by the wife
what do Lourie and Gershurry argue against Edgell?
Lourie and Gershurry found that by 1995 70% couples said they had equal say in decisions
according to feminists how is men being the decision makes instituted ?
through gender role socialisation
who are less likely to pool their money ?
cohabiting couples to maintain independence
what type of couple is more likely to share domestic labour ?
who found that same sex couples were happy to leave control of money to their partners? WHY?
and because there are no gender scripts
what is a typical pattern of pooling in same sex couples according to Week et al.?
pooling money for household spending and having a separate account for personal spending
give and example of a sociologist who believes in the march of progress?
what are Sullivans beliefs supporting the march of progress?
domestic labour is shared most equally when the husband and wife both work fulltime
who believes women going into paid work hasn't led to greater equality?
give 3 supporting evidences for Baultory
1.Ferri and Smith - in fewer than 4% families did the father take responsibility for childcare
2.Dex and ward - 1% men looked after their children when they were sick
3.Brown, Vincent and Bali - 3/70 families where the father was the main caregiver