Flashcards in Covalent Substances Deck (16):
What are the properties of simple molecular substances?(4)
1) strong covalent bonds
2) very weak forces of attraction between molecules
3) Low melting and boiling points because of weak into molecular forces
4) mostly gasses or liquids
Don't conduct electricity as there's no ions so there is no electrical charge
What are giant covalent structures?
Giant covalent structure are macro molecules
How are giant covalent structures different to giant ionic structures?
There are no charged ions in giant covalent structures
What are the properties of giant covalent structures?
1)All the atoms are bonded to each other by strong covalent bonds
2) they don't conduct electricity except for graphite when molten
3) there are no charged ions
Name the three types of giant covalent examples
Name the properties of diamond.. (3)
1)Each carbon atom forms four covalent bonds in a very rigid giant covalent structure
2) Diamond is the hardest natural substance and is used for drill tips
3) pretty and sparkly
Name the properties of graphite...
1) Each carbon atom only forms three covalent bonds
2)layers are held together loosely
3) graphite is the only non-metal which is a good conductor of heat and electricity
What is the consequence of having three covalent bonds in graphite?
Three covalent bonds create a leers which are free to slide over each other meaning graphite is soft and slippery
Why are the layers and graphite how to get the so loosely?
Because they have a week into molecular forces between the layers
Why is graphite a good conductor of heat and electricity?
Each carbon atom has one delocalised electrons and it's these free electrons that conduct heat and electricity
Name the properties of silicone dioxide
1) Sometimes called silica which is what Sand is made of
2) each grain of sand is one giant structure of silicone and oxygen
Which substances can form simple molecules?
Explain why bromine has poor electrical conductivity
It doesn't contain any ions to carry the charge
Explain why graphite has good electrical conductivity
Each carbon atom has a delocalised electron that's able to carry the charge
Explain why bromine has such a low melting point compared with silicone dioxide and graphite
All of the atoms in silicone dioxide and in graphite Are held together by strong covalent bonds. In bromine each molecule is held together with a strong covalent bond but the forces between these molecules are weak