What was England's population in 1000?
between c 1,700,000 - 2,000,000
How many of England's population lived in the countryside?
What did people in rural areas live in?
- small, scattered hamlets
- on farmsteads
What were rural communities very vulnerable to?
- effects of warfare
- bad weather
- poor harvests
- diseases (like the plague)
Who made the law?
- a powerful king and nobility made the law, but village communities and family ties were also strong and helped enforce the law at a local level
- the Christian church was another important influence on ideas about crime and punishment
What were the three important trends in crime and punishment during the Anglo-Saxon period?
- The power and influence of the King over crime and punishment grew. Penalties were increasingly decided by the King rather than local communities
- The role of the Chrisitan church increased. The church was concerned with giving those who had committed crimes, opportunities to save their souls
- The use of punishments, including capital punishment, increased. This was intended to help boost the visible power and authority of the King across the land.
What were many laws in Anglo-Saxon times based on?
They were based on local customs and were not written down
What was happening with law enforcement by 1000?
Anglo-Saxon kings were issuing codes of law that made certain actions crimes, illustrating the growing power of the monarch and meant that laws were becoming more unified across the country
What happened as the authority of Anglo-Saxon kings and the territory of England grew?
it was increasingly accepted that the king would make and enforce laws
After 1066, the importance of the king in making laws grew as his authority increased.
What did William I do?
He added new laws that created new crimes, illustrating how a powerful king can lead to change
What happened after Henry II became king in 1154?
standard laws were written down, meaning that, for the first time, there was a uniform legal system across the whole country.
What was the three-tiered structure across Britain?
nobles, freemen and serfs
all three classes were subject to the kings authority
The King's rule was in close connection with ......
the noble families; they played an important role in keeping it going by backing laws that protected their interests
- the king gave nobles land in return for their support