Flashcards in Criminal Inv-Chapter 15, Terrorism Deck (47):
After 911, Congress passed legistlation _____ removed barriers preventing counterterrorist agencies from working together and sharring info
Title 18, section 2331, of USC defines Terrorism as
violent act or an act dangerous to human life in violation of the criminal law of the US or any state to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objective. More simply put, a terrorist is someone who commits criminal acts in furtherance of political or social agenda
technique developed by IRA to cripple rather than kill. Shoot an informant in back of the knee and making that person cripple for life.
dedicated to destroying the lumber industry. Favorite tactic known as tree spiking
driving metal spikes into trees in logging areas for purpose of damaging logging equipment
source of revenue for the terrorists. In middle east, narcoterrorists deal with opium, and in South America they deal with cocaine.
Traced back to 1865 in Pulaski, Tennessee
KKK. between 1889 and 1941 how many blacks were lynched
second Klan movement emerged in 1915 and lasted until 1945 and added
catholics, jews and foreigners to the hate list.
estimated membership to be between 4 and 5 million
During WWII, Klan fell into disrepute because
the groups close association with the Nazi party
Klan reemerged a third time between 1960 and 1975 in response to
Civil rights movement.
more than a 100 bombs were detonated by Klan members in the early 1960s in what location
Federal gov stepped in and began to prosecute top leadership of the Klan for slaying of civil rights workers, becuase of what
1966 the level of violence had overwhelmed the local law enforcement.
1985 William Pierce, white supremacist headquartered in West Virginia, wrote what?
"the Turner Diaries", under the pseudonym of Andrew Macdonald.
who founded the Order
Robert Jay Mathews, 1983. Inspired by The Turner Diaries.
violent white supremacist group. War against the Zionist Occupation Government, incluing counterfeiting, bank robbery, armored car robberies, murder.
Order was responsible for 1984 murder of a radio host
Order also responsible for 1984 armored car robbery
in Ukiah, California made of with 3.6 million.
What happened to Mathews?
traced to Whidbey Island in Washington where he died in an FBI seize.
on political left, two violent single-issue groups
Animal Liberation Front- ALF
Earth Liberation Front-ELF
ELf was founded where?
ELF alone has caused how much damage
$100 million in property damage since 1996. In August 2003 the group caused $50 million in damages to condominium complex in San Diego, CA
Title 18, sec 2331 (1) of USC defines international terrorism as
occuring primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the US or transcending national boundaries.
US state Dept has identified 36 groups of foreign terrorist organizations. Most dangerous of these is
Al Qaeda, which means "the base" or "the base of Allahs suport"
Al Queda founded by who
Osama Bin Laden in early 1980s
holy warriors called
Bin Laden born in 1957 is one of how many siblings
52. interited over 300 million from father who made billions in construction business on Arabian Peninsula. He studied engineering at Saudi Univ
Al Queda presence has been confirmed in at least
Israel invaded Lebanon in 1982, Iran responded by sending its Revoluntionary Guards to Lebanon which led to the creation of
Hizbollah, " the party of God"
Hizbollah was responsible for bombing on October 23, 1983
Marine barracks and paratroopers headquarters. 241 Marines and 58 paratroopers killed
one of the most volatile militant organizations in Middle East is the Islamic Resistance Movement better known as
Hamas. group grew from Palestinian Liberation movement. 1987 Muslim Brotherhood formed Hamas, an Arabic acronym for Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement
Arabs felt that the entire Middle EAst would be united under one great Arabic banner, from North Africa to the Iranian border
founded in 1925, rejected the new territorial lines and called for the unification of the entire Arab realm under the control of Islam
choking gas such as phosgene and chlorine, blood agents including hydrogen cyanide and cyanogen chloride, blister agents such as mustard gas, nerve agents such as sarin
this chemical is relatively easy to make and Japanese terrorist group Aum Shinriko used this agent to attack Tokyo subway in 1995,killing 12 and injuring 5000
1500 germ banks worldwide.
"dirty bomb". nuclear waste from fuel processing and radiological medical isotopes from hospitals or research labs. 2002 Jose Padill, bin Laden follower, arrested in Chicago for planning dirty bomb attack
detonation of a nuclear device.
AFter 911, FBI expanded the use of Joint Terrorism TAsk Force
56 field offices
JTTF field offices have access to National Joint Terrorism TAsk Force located in Washington DC, national task force includes member from
CIA, FBI, Naval Criminal Investigative Service, Transportation Security Agency, US Coast Guard, US Bureau of Prisons and 50 other contributors
intercept financial data and to monitor communications such as land lines and cell phones and emails. Satellite imagery is also used, as are sophisticated computers that specialize in code breaking.
a critical component. development of informants.
US Intelligence agencies
CIA, FBI, NSA, DIA (defense intelligence agency)
jury s not guilty verdict is influenced by mistrust of police witnesses
care fairly and properly taken in response to the circumstances of a situation, such care as an ordinary prudent person would take in the same time frame.
_______ warns a person that criminal behavior is wrong, as well as unlawful and warns that misconduct on the job is wrong, substandard conduct.