Criminal Inv-Chapter 15, Terrorism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Criminal Inv-Chapter 15, Terrorism Deck (47):
1

After 911, Congress passed legistlation _____ removed barriers preventing counterterrorist agencies from working together and sharring info

Patriot Act

2

Title 18, section 2331, of USC defines Terrorism as

violent act or an act dangerous to human life in violation of the criminal law of the US or any state to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objective. More simply put, a terrorist is someone who commits criminal acts in furtherance of political or social agenda

3

kneecapping

technique developed by IRA to cripple rather than kill. Shoot an informant in back of the knee and making that person cripple for life.

4

ecoterrorists

dedicated to destroying the lumber industry. Favorite tactic known as tree spiking

5

tree spiking

driving metal spikes into trees in logging areas for purpose of damaging logging equipment

6

narcoterrorism

source of revenue for the terrorists. In middle east, narcoterrorists deal with opium, and in South America they deal with cocaine.

7

Traced back to 1865 in Pulaski, Tennessee

KKK

8

KKK. between 1889 and 1941 how many blacks were lynched

3811

9

second Klan movement emerged in 1915 and lasted until 1945 and added

catholics, jews and foreigners to the hate list.
estimated membership to be between 4 and 5 million

10

During WWII, Klan fell into disrepute because

the groups close association with the Nazi party

11

Klan reemerged a third time between 1960 and 1975 in response to

Civil rights movement.

12

more than a 100 bombs were detonated by Klan members in the early 1960s in what location

Birmingham Alabama

13

Federal gov stepped in and began to prosecute top leadership of the Klan for slaying of civil rights workers, becuase of what

1966 the level of violence had overwhelmed the local law enforcement.

14

1985 William Pierce, white supremacist headquartered in West Virginia, wrote what?

"the Turner Diaries", under the pseudonym of Andrew Macdonald.

15

who founded the Order

Robert Jay Mathews, 1983. Inspired by The Turner Diaries.

16

Order

violent white supremacist group. War against the Zionist Occupation Government, incluing counterfeiting, bank robbery, armored car robberies, murder.

17

Order was responsible for 1984 murder of a radio host

Alan Berg.

18

Order also responsible for 1984 armored car robbery

in Ukiah, California made of with 3.6 million.

19

What happened to Mathews?

traced to Whidbey Island in Washington where he died in an FBI seize.

20

on political left, two violent single-issue groups

Animal Liberation Front- ALF
Earth Liberation Front-ELF

21

ELf was founded where?

England

22

ELF alone has caused how much damage

$100 million in property damage since 1996. In August 2003 the group caused $50 million in damages to condominium complex in San Diego, CA

23

Title 18, sec 2331 (1) of USC defines international terrorism as

occuring primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the US or transcending national boundaries.

24

US state Dept has identified 36 groups of foreign terrorist organizations. Most dangerous of these is

Al Qaeda, which means "the base" or "the base of Allahs suport"

25

Al Queda founded by who

Osama Bin Laden in early 1980s

26

holy warriors called

mujahedeen

27

Bin Laden born in 1957 is one of how many siblings

52. interited over 300 million from father who made billions in construction business on Arabian Peninsula. He studied engineering at Saudi Univ

28

Al Queda presence has been confirmed in at least

55 countries.

29

Israel invaded Lebanon in 1982, Iran responded by sending its Revoluntionary Guards to Lebanon which led to the creation of

Hizbollah, " the party of God"

30

Hizbollah was responsible for bombing on October 23, 1983

Marine barracks and paratroopers headquarters. 241 Marines and 58 paratroopers killed

31

one of the most volatile militant organizations in Middle East is the Islamic Resistance Movement better known as

Hamas. group grew from Palestinian Liberation movement. 1987 Muslim Brotherhood formed Hamas, an Arabic acronym for Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement

32

dar-al-Islam

Arabs felt that the entire Middle EAst would be united under one great Arabic banner, from North Africa to the Iranian border

33

founded in 1925, rejected the new territorial lines and called for the unification of the entire Arab realm under the control of Islam

Muslim Brotherhood

34

chemical agents

choking gas such as phosgene and chlorine, blood agents including hydrogen cyanide and cyanogen chloride, blister agents such as mustard gas, nerve agents such as sarin

35

this chemical is relatively easy to make and Japanese terrorist group Aum Shinriko used this agent to attack Tokyo subway in 1995,killing 12 and injuring 5000

Sarin

36

biological agents

1500 germ banks worldwide.

37

radiological terrorism

"dirty bomb". nuclear waste from fuel processing and radiological medical isotopes from hospitals or research labs. 2002 Jose Padill, bin Laden follower, arrested in Chicago for planning dirty bomb attack

38

nuclear terrorism

detonation of a nuclear device.

39

AFter 911, FBI expanded the use of Joint Terrorism TAsk Force

56 field offices

40

JTTF field offices have access to National Joint Terrorism TAsk Force located in Washington DC, national task force includes member from

CIA, FBI, Naval Criminal Investigative Service, Transportation Security Agency, US Coast Guard, US Bureau of Prisons and 50 other contributors

41

signal intelligence

intercept financial data and to monitor communications such as land lines and cell phones and emails. Satellite imagery is also used, as are sophisticated computers that specialize in code breaking.

42

Human intelligence

a critical component. development of informants.

43

US Intelligence agencies

CIA, FBI, NSA, DIA (defense intelligence agency)

44

jury nullification

jury s not guilty verdict is influenced by mistrust of police witnesses

45

reasonable care

care fairly and properly taken in response to the circumstances of a situation, such care as an ordinary prudent person would take in the same time frame.

46

_______ warns a person that criminal behavior is wrong, as well as unlawful and warns that misconduct on the job is wrong, substandard conduct.

Ethical awareness

47

Proactive supervision involves an acknowledgment of the existence of the ____ ____ and the need to be ever vigilant for even the most minor unethical acts.

continuum of compromise