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Flashcards in Criminology Deck (67)
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1

Absence of capable guardian

one who effectively discourages crime and that person who has taken crime prevention steps is less likely to be victimized.

2

Actus Reus

Acts that violates the Law

3

Aftermaths

activities that occur after a crime has been committed eg. dial 911

4

Classicism

roots in the Enlightenment, men and women are rational beings, crime is the exercise of free will

5

Conflict Crime

wide range of responses with respect to whether or behaviors should be defined and treated as crime

6

Consensus Crime

general consensus among people that it is a crime eg. murder

7

Crime as A social Event

crime is both legal and social phenomenon, crime is more than a violation of the law

8

Critical Criminology

Marxist theory, examines issue of power and how power is used by select groups of people to safeguard and expand their economic and political interests

9

Dramatization of Evil

sensational view of crime aimed at inciting public anger, panic and fear against law breakers

10

Just Deserts

offenders deserve the punishment they receive at the hand of the law, punishment matches the severity of the crime

11

Legal Meaning of Crime

violation of the law which there is injury to the public or a member of the public,

12

Marxism

struggle between classes is inevitable for the evolution of capitalistic society

13

Medical Conception of Crime

an expression of illness or pathology. Criminal behaviour is determined not chosen

14

Mens Rea

not capable of formulating intent, should not be held criminally responsible.

15

Motivated offender

someone whose intent is to do harm

16

Neoclassism

Human behaviour is motivated by range of variables and some of these variables may be beyond the control of the individual

17

Normal Crime

typical crime committed by a typical person in a typical place

18

Opportunity Reduction

lessening the opportunity for a crime to be committed against you

19

Pathology

mental, social, or linguistic abnormality or malfunction

20

Political economy

relationship between power and class and how this relationship is reflected in the working of social institutions

21

Positivism

assertion that society is moving from a state of simplicity to a state of complexity and inevitable perfectibility

22

Precursors

Variable that bring people together in social environment

23

Punishment

many forms, deterrence, retribution, just desert, capital

24

Social meaning of Crime

focuses on the interaction between groups but the interaction as one of conflict

25

Suitable Target

a particular home or person

26

Systems of Social Control

protect those in positions of power against undo harm by working class and marginalized people

27

Transactions

interactions between two or more people

28

Agents of Social Control

those who have power make, enforce and administer law, might be doing more harm than good

29

Anomie

sudden reaction to a crisis situation. Chronic state caused by capitalism

30

Atavistic

not fully human