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Flashcards in Critical And Sensitive Periods In Development Deck (17):
1

Stages of lifespan

Infancy conception-3yrs
Childhood 3-10yrs
Adolescents 10-20yrs
Early adulthood 20-40yrs
Middle age 40- 65yrs
Old age 65+

2

Difference between maturation and learning

Maturation is a genetically programmed process that governs growth. It directs physics and biological development.
Learning is the process of change through experiences

3

What are inborn reflexes?

Inborn reflexes are automatic responses to specific stimulu that babies are born with. Babuski foot, rooting -sucking grasping

4

What are critical periods ?

Critical periods are periods in life when certain experiences must happen for normal development- exposures to language

5

Wheat are sensitive periods?

Sensitive periods are stages that are most appropriate or the optima time for a specific physiological development

6

Piagets 4 stages of cognitive development

Sensorimotor stage
Pre operational stage
Concrete operational stage
Formal stage

7

What are the key accomplishments of sensorimotor stage?

Object permanence- understanding that even when an item can't be seen it's still there
Good behaviour birth-2yrs

8

What are the key accomplish,ends of the pre operational stage?

Symbolic thinking- being able to make believe and develop symbols to represent objects or events
Animism- thinking objects are alive
Egocentricism- move away

9

What are the key accomplish,ends of the concrete operational stage?

7-12yrs
Reversibility
Concentration
Perform mental problems with physical objects

10

Key accomplishments of the formal operational stage?

Think more flexibly- problem solving
Think logically
12+

11

Mary Ainsworth types of attachment?

Secure attachment
Insecure avoidant
Insecure resistant

12

Briefly explain secure attachment

Distressed not by being alone but by being left by caregiver
Stranger can comfort but is treated different,y to cg

13

Briefly explain insecure avoidant

Is not distressed when caregiver leaves
Distressed when left alone c
Can be comforted by stranger

14

Insecure resistance briefly explain


Becomes extremely distressed when caregiver leaves
Will not be comforted by stranger

15

What is physical development?

Bodies continually develop and change crating finer motor skills, changes from conception to death
Impacts on our self esteem relationships

16

What is cognitive development ?

Development of our mental abilities through course of lifespan
Memories, language , problem solving

17

What is social and emotional development ?

You develop and understanding of social boundaries and situations
Ability to regulate emotions
Hoe we express our selves
Self setter and identity moral standards