Flashcards in Critical Concepts and Techniques by Theoretical Approach Deck (17):
What are the three phases in in Psychotherapy?
1. Establishing of connection, Building Core Relationships, Expression of Empathy
2. Interpretation of the Behaviour, Identification of Themes, Analysis of the Problem, Tracking of Sources
3. Interventions for Re-enactment, Catalyst for Change at All Levels, Neurological Integration of Trauma, Personal/Relational Transformation
Each School of therapy applies to all phases, but it can be said that different schools of therapies contribute actively to each phase. What are they?
Phase 1: Person Centered, Humanistic/Existential, Constructivist
Phase 2: Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioural, Rational-Emotive, Adlerian, Analytical, Psychoanalytic, Existential, Meaning Based, Behavioural
Phase 3: Gestalt, "Power Therapies" (EMDR, OEI, EFT), Body Therapies, Spiritual Conversion, Awakening, Tranformation/Maturation
You can also categorize psychotherapies according to dimensions or levels of humanity they address:
1. Observable Behaviour: Behavioural and Cog-Behavioural
2. Cognitive: Rational-Emotive, Cognitive and Cog Beh, Psychoanalytic and Analytic, Adlerian
3. Affective: Gestalt, Power Therapies (EMDR, OEI, EFT), Person Centered, Hypnotherapy
4. Spiritual: Humanistic-Existential, Meaning Based Therapies, Spiritual Conversion, Healing and Maturation.
Define Person Centered Therapy
Warmth, Genuineness, Unconditional Positive Regard, Affirmation, Constructivism, Active Listening, Reflecting, Clarifying, Empathizing, Validating, and not implying intent.
Define Existential Therapy
Shattered Assumptions (Trust in God, Significant Others, and Own Judgement), Meaning in Life, Religious Conversion and Maturation, Epiphanies of Insight
Define Rational Emotive Therapy
Triple Column Technique, Challenging Cognitive Distortions (broader, more enduring beliefs/perceptions), Activating Events (A), Beliefs Underlying Self Talk (B) Consequent Emotions (C)
Define Behavioural Therapy
- Reinforcers (Negative, Positive, Punishments, Time out from reinforcement)
- Differential Reinforcement for Successive Approximations, Shaping, Chaining
- Analysis of Discriminative Stimuli and Anticipatory Anxiety Patterns
- Reinforcement Histories and current life/relationship reinforcers.
- Modeling and Role Playing with Videotape Analysis and Feedback
- Approach Avoidance Conflicts
- Fear of Intimacy/Trust Issues, Triggers and Cycles, Behaviour logs and Checklists, Genograms with Reinf. Histories, Differential Reinf of successive approximation.
Define Cognitive and Cognitive Beh Psychotherapy
Systematic Desensitization and Cognitive Activation, Thought stopping and switching, CHEAP, BFV Analysis, Analysis of Self talk, tracking of cognitive distortions, Cognitive reframing (new angle or approach, broader perspective/interpretation)
Define Psychoanalytical Psychotherapy
Transference / Projection and Countertransference / Projection / repression / Defenses, Transactional Analysis as a cognitive map of intra-psychic and interpersonal processes
Define Jungian / Analytical Psychotherapy
Define Adlerian Psychotherapy
The Shadow (SIN Nature, MBTI Dimensions and Dream and Hypnotic Image Analysis
Birth Order, Early Recollections and lifestyle investigation, discouragement, social interest vs faulty values, family themes, inferiority complexes
Define Gestalt Therapy
Empty Chair, Fly on on the wall, intensity and conflict markers (reading and responding to them) psychodrama (acting out historical traumas, conflicts themes and relationships
Another way to think about psychotherapy is....
an active healing process
Most problems are caused by what?
Capital T Traumas occur when?
Little T's occur when?
Later in life (adulthood or adolescence)
Earlier in life (adolescence or infancy, childhood up to 12 years old)
Little T's are often more significant because the client has few resources and the child cannot escape
The definition of Trauma is:
A situation when the client experienced something that was:
3. associated with a feeling of being overwhelmed, confused or powerless.
Important to ensure safety and calmness with your client. To do this....
Walk your client thorugh a core person/safe place exercise or through power therapies