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Flashcards in cultural change Deck (12):
1

what is anthropology of cultural change

- how and why things change

2

What is the synchronic description of culture?

studies of time over short time intervals, ahistorical, salvage anthropology

3

What is diachronic description of culture?

longer time periods, historical, context to understand change

4

What is the process of cultural change?

- ideas from ralph Linton
- internal and external change
- should we care that cultures change?

5

What is discover and inventions

step 1 of process of cultural change?
- new things inspire change
- linton: discoveries are accidents and inventions are intentional
- discovery= addition of knowledge
- invention= application of knowledge

6

What is diffusion?

- introducing new technology into your group from outside
- involvement of external relations, ideas spreading from one group to another
Processes:
- must encounter idea/ be presented, intervention into everyday life
- reciprocal, goes in both directions
- selectively, usually modified

7

How is language change an example of invention/discovery and diffusion

- change w/ time and distance
- athapaskan anguage: tahltan, Navajo, Apache
- sound shifts, internal changes
- Grimm's Law: p's in latin have become f's, f's have become b and b's become p's
semanti changes: shifts word meaning

8

What is the process of forced change?

-unbalanced reciprocity within diffusion
a) acculturation
- indigenous peoples, immigrant experience
- changes in 1 group more than the other
- ex: fur trade BC
b) assimilation
- merging of less dominant society into more dominant
- intent to change subordinate group
- ex: Canadian indian act
c) genocide
- elimination of one group at the hand of another
- done in name of progress
ex: Beothik of newfoundland, gone in 1929

9

How are languages used in contact situations?

2 languages in contact
1) language maintenance
- maintain status qou
- acculturation
- bilingualism (still have both languages just learn other one)
- political will
trade jargon (pidgin develops: vocabulary, trade some words)
- vocab from existing language: ex: dighi=tea, papa=pepper, hyas pusspuss (cougar),
2) language shift
- shifting language alliances
3) language death (genocide)

10

How is work changing (culture)

-indigenoues people have things to teach us
Jarod diamond:
- low density low rates of consumption/pollution
- foraging people=good
-agriculture people= bad

11

What are examples of cultures changing?

Maisin:
- compare with innu
-globalization (Barker): embrace of the world with capitalism and high speed communication
- global is experienced and reacted to locally

changes in Uiaku: missionisation, logging, resource extraction

12

what is hunters and bombers?

-film
-anthropologist Hugh Brody
-innu caribou hunters
-conflict between canadian military and innu hunters

Innu/wilderness
-calm and quiet
-indigenous language
- content living on land, foragers
-egalitarian

Military/town
- planes
- english, agriculture society
- fences/barbed wire
-class based