Cultural Influences; Multicultural Perspectives Flashcards Preview

Psychosocial Unit 1 > Cultural Influences; Multicultural Perspectives > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cultural Influences; Multicultural Perspectives Deck (10):
1

Define Culture

Behavior patterns, beliefs, and all other products of a particular group of people passed from generation to generation.

2

What are the material artifacts of a culture?

Art
Language
Architecture
Music

3

What are the non-material artifacts of a culture?

Customs
Values
Religion
Traditions

4

Define a Collectivistic Culture
and
Individualistic Culture

Collectivistic--People don't want to stand out and define themselves in relation to others and see themselves as part of a network of interconnected people.

Individualistic--People see themselves as Autonomous individuals, and distinguish themselves from others.

5

What are two dimensions impacting health practices?

Socioeconomic Status (SES)--People with similar occupational, educational, and economic characteristics. Different access to care. Minorities are overrespresented in poor,

Ethnicity--Dimension of culture based on cultural heritage, nationality, race, religion, and language.

It can be difficult to keep these separate.

6

What are the 4 factors that determine Socioeconomic Status?

Occupations vary in prestige (president to brick layer)
Differing levels of education.
Different economic resources.
Different levels of power to influence community.

7

What 3 things have contributed to increased diversity in the USA?

Relatively high rates of immigration.
Improvements in communication.
Improvements in travel.

8

Who created Ecological Theory? What other program did he start?

Urie Bronfrenbrenner
Head Start

9

What are the 3 tenants of Ecological Theory?

1. Must study development outside the laboratory.
2. Development occurs within a complex system of relationships affect by multiple levels of the surrounding environment.
3. It is important to use what we know about environmental effects on development to shape social policy.

10

What are the 5 nested structures of Ecological/Contextual Theory?

Microsystem.
Mesosystem.
Exosystem.
Macrosystem.
Chronosystem.