Cultural/spiritual Flashcards Preview

Test 5 > Cultural/spiritual > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cultural/spiritual Deck (43):
1

Culture includes the beliefs, habits, likes and dislikes, and customs and rituals learned from ones family.

True

2

Large group of people who are members of a larger cultural group. Members have certain ethnic, occupational, or physical characteristics not common to the larger culture.

Subculture

3

Usually the largest group, group has the most authority to control values and sanctions of society

Dominant group

4

Smaller group, a physical or cultural characteristic identifies the people as different from
Dominant group

Minority group

5

Minorities living within a dominant group lose the characteristics that made them different. Values replaced by those of dominant culture

Cultural assimilation (acculturation)

6

The feelings a person experiences when placed in a different culture. May result in psychological discomfort or disturbances

Culture shock

7

Which of the following occurs when members of a minority group, living with a dominant group, begins to blend in and lose the characteristics that made them distinct?

Culture assimilation

8

Typically based on specific characters: skin pigmentation, body stature, facial features, hair texture

Race

9

Five major categories of race?

American Indian or Alaska native
Asian
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
White

10

The assumption that all members of a culture or ethnic group act alike. May be positive or negative. Negatives include racism, ageism, and sexism

Stereotyping

11

Stereotyping occurs when people ignore differences in the cultures in which they live and proceed as if they do not exist

False

12

Belief that everyone should conform to the majority belief system

Cultural imposition

13

Ignores differences and proceeds as if they did not exist

Cultural blindness

14

Belief that ones ideas, beliefs, and practice are the best or superior, or are most preferred to those of others

Ethnocentrism

15

Term describes what occurs when a nurse believes that ones own ideas, beliefs, and practices are the best or superior to those of colleagues and patients?

Ethnocentrism

16

The health care system is a culture of its own, with nursing being its largest subculture

True

17

3 spiritual needs

Need for meaning and purpose
Need for love and relatedness
Need for forgiveness

18

Anything that pertains to the persons relationship with a nonmaterial life force or higher power

Spirituality

19

A confident belief in something for which there is no proof or evidence

Faith

20

Term used to describe cultural or institutional religion

Religion

21

Ingredient in life responsible for a positive outlook

Hope

22

Connectedness with others

Love

23

Spiritual needs are met

Spiritual health and healing

24

A patient who does not belong to an organized religion does not have spiritual needs that can be addressed by the nursing practice

False

25

One who holds that nothing can be known about the existence of a higher power

Agnostic

26

Person who denies the existence of a higher power

Atheist

27

Enhance life, give meaning and purpose to existence, strengthen self, are health giving and life sustaining

Life affirming

28

Restrict or enclose life patterns, limit experiences and associations, place burdens of guilt in individuals, are health denying and life inhibiting

Life denying

29

Which religion opposes the "false teaching" of other sects, which often extends of modern science, including medicine?

Jehovahs witnesses

30

A catholic college student who does not attend mass on sundays may experience which type of spiritual distress?

Spiritual anxiety

31

Process that occurs when a minority group, living as part of a dominant group within a culture, loses the cultural characteristics that made it different

Cultural assimilation

32

Diverse groups in society, with varying racial classifications and national origins, religious affiliations, languages, physical size, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability, social status, etc

Cultural diversity

33

Tendency of some to impose their beliefs, practices and values on another culture because they believe that their ideas are superior to those if another person or group

Cultural imposition

34

Those feelings, usually negative, a person experience when placed in a different culture

Culture shock

35

Common health problems in native Americans

Heart disease
Cirrhosis of the liver
Diabetes
Fetal alcohol syndrome

36

African Americans health problems

Hypertension
Stroke
Sickle cell anemia
Lactose intolerant
Keloids

37

Asians health problems

Hypertension
Cancer of liver
Lactose intolerant
Thalassemia

38

Hispanic health problems

Diabetes
Lactose intolerant

39

Whites health problems

Breast cancer
Heart disease
Hypertension
Diabetes
Obesity

40

An alteration in spiritual health

Spiritual distress

41

Movement toward integration, from brokenness to wholeness

Spiritual healing

42

Condition that exists when the universal spiritual needs for meaning and purpose, love and belonging, and forgiveness are met

Spiritual health

43

Lack of anything necessary for spiritual health

Spiritual needs