Flashcards in Cultural/spiritual Deck (43):
Culture includes the beliefs, habits, likes and dislikes, and customs and rituals learned from ones family.
Large group of people who are members of a larger cultural group. Members have certain ethnic, occupational, or physical characteristics not common to the larger culture.
Usually the largest group, group has the most authority to control values and sanctions of society
Smaller group, a physical or cultural characteristic identifies the people as different from
Minorities living within a dominant group lose the characteristics that made them different. Values replaced by those of dominant culture
Cultural assimilation (acculturation)
The feelings a person experiences when placed in a different culture. May result in psychological discomfort or disturbances
Which of the following occurs when members of a minority group, living with a dominant group, begins to blend in and lose the characteristics that made them distinct?
Typically based on specific characters: skin pigmentation, body stature, facial features, hair texture
Five major categories of race?
American Indian or Alaska native
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander
The assumption that all members of a culture or ethnic group act alike. May be positive or negative. Negatives include racism, ageism, and sexism
Stereotyping occurs when people ignore differences in the cultures in which they live and proceed as if they do not exist
Belief that everyone should conform to the majority belief system
Ignores differences and proceeds as if they did not exist
Belief that ones ideas, beliefs, and practice are the best or superior, or are most preferred to those of others
Term describes what occurs when a nurse believes that ones own ideas, beliefs, and practices are the best or superior to those of colleagues and patients?
The health care system is a culture of its own, with nursing being its largest subculture
3 spiritual needs
Need for meaning and purpose
Need for love and relatedness
Need for forgiveness
Anything that pertains to the persons relationship with a nonmaterial life force or higher power
A confident belief in something for which there is no proof or evidence
Term used to describe cultural or institutional religion
Ingredient in life responsible for a positive outlook
Connectedness with others
Spiritual needs are met
Spiritual health and healing
A patient who does not belong to an organized religion does not have spiritual needs that can be addressed by the nursing practice
One who holds that nothing can be known about the existence of a higher power
Person who denies the existence of a higher power
Enhance life, give meaning and purpose to existence, strengthen self, are health giving and life sustaining
Restrict or enclose life patterns, limit experiences and associations, place burdens of guilt in individuals, are health denying and life inhibiting
Which religion opposes the "false teaching" of other sects, which often extends of modern science, including medicine?
A catholic college student who does not attend mass on sundays may experience which type of spiritual distress?
Process that occurs when a minority group, living as part of a dominant group within a culture, loses the cultural characteristics that made it different
Diverse groups in society, with varying racial classifications and national origins, religious affiliations, languages, physical size, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability, social status, etc
Tendency of some to impose their beliefs, practices and values on another culture because they believe that their ideas are superior to those if another person or group
Those feelings, usually negative, a person experience when placed in a different culture
Common health problems in native Americans
Cirrhosis of the liver
Fetal alcohol syndrome
African Americans health problems
Sickle cell anemia
Asians health problems
Cancer of liver
Hispanic health problems
Whites health problems
An alteration in spiritual health
Movement toward integration, from brokenness to wholeness
Condition that exists when the universal spiritual needs for meaning and purpose, love and belonging, and forgiveness are met