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Flashcards in Cultural Variations in Attachment Deck (10):

Which psychologists carried out the meta-analysis?

Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg


In VI's study which country had the highest percentage of insecure-avoidant children?



In VI's study, which country had the highest percentage of insecure-resistant children?



In VI's study, which attachment type was most common in all of the countries investigated?



Was the variation between cultures or the variation within cultures greater?

Variation within cultures was greater


What are the strengths of a meta-analysis?

Results from the meta-analysis can be generalised confidently because anomalous results will have less effect.


What is an application from VI's study?

Developed our understanding of how child rearing practices can impact a child's attachment type. e.g. caregiver sensitivity included in parenting manuals.


Why is the strange situation study criticised for imposed etic?

Because it's based on American norms, so may only be useful for studying Western children because it doesn't take into account culturally specific ideals.


Explain why Ainsworth's attachment types are biased towards Anglo-American cultures.

The behaviours interpreted as showing weak attachment may actually reflect positive characteristics in other cultures. For example, in Germany a lack of separation anxiety is seen as independence, rather than insecurity. Criteria do not fit other cultures due to differences in child rearing.


Explain why researchers studying different countries is a problem.

The researchers weren't always from the country they were studying so they may not have understood the language, and therefore may have misinterpreted the mother's behaviour towards the child.