D Flashcards Preview

Vocabulary Bee > D > Flashcards

Flashcards in D Deck (50):
1

dally

act or move slowly: workers were loafing, dallying, or goofing off.

2

dandle

he dandled his little boy on his knee: bounce, jiggle, dance, rock.

3

dandy

1 a man unduly devoted to style, neatness, and fashion in dress and appearance.
2 informal, dated an excellent thing of its kind: this umbrella is a dandy.
adjective ( dandier , dandiest )
1 informal excellent: upgrading seemed a dandy idea | things are all fine and dandy .
2 relating to or characteristic of a dandy.

4

dearth

a dearth of trained specialists: lack, scarcity, shortage, shortfall, want, deficiency, insufficiency, inadequacy, paucity, sparseness, scantiness, rareness; absence. ANTONYMS surfeit.

5

debrief

the team was debriefed by the company commander: cross-examine, interview, interrogate, question, probe, sound out, examine; informal grill, pump.

6

debug

1 identify and remove errors from (computer hardware or software): games are the worst to debug | (as noun debugging) : software debugging.
2 detect and remove concealed microphones from (an area).
3 remove insects from (something), esp. with a pesticide.

7

debunk

even the most successful hoax will eventually be debunked: explode, deflate, quash, discredit, disprove, contradict, controvert, invalidate, negate; challenge, call into question, poke holes in; formal confute. ANTONYMS confirm.

8

decadence

moral or cultural decline as characterized by excessive indulgence in pleasure or luxury: he denounced Western decadence.
• luxurious self-indulgence: “French” connotes richness and decadence, and that's the idea of this ice cream.

9

decalogue

the Ten Commandments.

10

decanter

a stoppered glass container into which wine is gradually poured

11

decipher

1 he deciphered the code: decode, decrypt, break, work out, solve, interpret, unscramble, translate; make sense of, get to the bottom of, unravel; informal crack, figure out. ANTONYMS encode.
2 the writing was hard to decipher: make out, discern, perceive, read, follow, fathom, make sense of, interpret, understand, comprehend, grasp.

12

decorum

1 he had acted with decorum: propriety, seemliness, decency, good taste, correctness; politeness, courtesy, good manners; dignity, respectability, modesty, demureness. ANTONYMS impropriety.
2 a breach of decorum: etiquette, protocol, good form, custom, convention; formalities, niceties, punctilios, politeness. ANTONYMS impropriety.

13

decrepit

1 a decrepit old man: feeble, infirm, weak, weakly, frail; disabled, incapacitated, crippled, doddering, tottering; old, elderly, aged, ancient, senile; informal past it, over the hill, no spring chicken. ANTONYMS strong, fit.
2 a decrepit house: dilapidated, rickety, run-down, tumbledown, beat-up, ramshackle, derelict, ruined, in (a state of) disrepair, gone to rack and ruin; battered, decayed, crumbling, deteriorating. ANTONYMS sound.

14

decry

she decried the double standards: denounce, condemn, criticize, censure, attack, rail against, run down, pillory, lambaste, vilify, revile; disparage, deprecate, cast aspersions on; informal slam, blast, knock. ANTONYMS praise.

15

deduce

we can deduce from the evidence that Harding was indeed present at the time of the murder: conclude, reason, work out, infer; glean, divine, intuit, understand, assume, presume, conjecture, surmise, reckon; informal figure out.

16

defector

Cuban defectors sought refuge in Miami: deserter, turncoat, traitor, renegade, Judas, quisling; informal rat.

17

defray

the reserve funds are not enough to defray the additional costs: pay (for), cover, meet, square, settle, clear, discharge.

18

defunct

the original contract is defunct: disused, unused, inoperative, nonfunctioning, unusable, obsolete; no longer existing, discontinued; extinct. ANTONYMS working, extant.

19

delegate

union delegates: representative, envoy, emissary, commissioner, agent, deputy, commissary; spokesperson, spokesman, spokeswoman; ambassador, plenipotentiary.

20

delineate

1 the aims of the study as delineated by the boss: describe, set forth/out, present, outline, sketch, depict, represent; map out, define, specify, identify.
2 a section delineated in red pen: outline, trace, block in, mark (out/off), delimit.

21

delinquent

1 delinquent teenagers: lawless, lawbreaking, criminal; errant, badly behaved, troublesome, difficult, unruly, disobedient, uncontrollable. ANTONYMS well-behaved.
2 formal delinquent parents face tough penalties: negligent, neglectful, remiss, irresponsible, lax, slack, derelict. ANTONYMS dutiful.
noun
young delinquents: offender, wrongdoer, malefactor, lawbreaker, culprit, criminal; hooligan, vandal, mischief-maker, ruffian, hoodlum, lowlife, punk; young offender.

22

demand deposit

a deposit of money that can be withdrawn without prior notice.

23

demeanor

his normally calm demeanor: manner, air, attitude, appearance, look; bearing, carriage; behavior, conduct; formal comportment.

24

denizen

formal the denizens of Grant's Hollow were a quirky lot: inhabitant, resident, townsman, townswoman, native, local; occupier, occupant, dweller; archaic burgher.

25

depose

1 the president was deposed: overthrow, unseat, dethrone, topple, remove, supplant, displace; dismiss, oust, drum out, throw out, expel, eject; informal chuck out, boot out, get rid of, show someone the door.
2 Law a witness deposed that he had seen me: swear, testify, attest, assert, declare, claim.

26

deposition

1 Law depositions from witnesses: statement, affidavit, attestation, affirmation, assertion; allegation, declaration; testimony, evidence; rare asseveration.
2 the deposition of calcium: depositing, accumulation, buildup, precipitation.

27

dermatology

the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders.

28

desiccate

1 (usu. as adj. desiccated) remove the moisture from (something, esp. food), typically in order to preserve it: desiccated coconut.
2 (as adj. desiccated) lacking interest, passion, or energy: a desiccated history of ideas.

29

despotic

a despotic regime: autocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian, absolutist, undemocratic, unaccountable; one-party, autarchic, monocratic; tyrannical, tyrannous, oppressive, repressive, draconian, illiberal. ANTONYMS democratic.

30

despotism

the exercise of absolute power, esp. in a cruel and oppressive way: the King's arbitrary despotism.
• a country or political system where the ruler holds absolute power.

31

detrimental

erosion can have a detrimental effect on our water: harmful, damaging, injurious, hurtful, inimical, deleterious, destructive, ruinous, disastrous, bad, malign, adverse, undesirable, unfavorable, unfortunate; unhealthy, unwholesome. ANTONYMS benign.

32

dexterity

1 painting china demanded dexterity: deftness, adeptness, adroitness, agility, nimbleness, handiness, ability, talent, skill, proficiency, expertise, experience, efficiency, mastery, delicacy, knack, artistry, finesse.
2 his political dexterity: shrewdness, astuteness, acumen, acuity, intelligence; ingenuity, inventiveness, cleverness, smartness; canniness, sense, discernment, insight, understanding, penetration, perception, perspicacity, discrimination; cunning, artfulness, craftiness; informal horse sense, savvy, street smarts.

33

diatribe

a forceful and bitter verbal attack against someone or something: a diatribe against the Roman Catholic Church.

34

dictate

1 the president's attempts to dictate policy: prescribe, lay down, impose, set down, order, command, decree, ordain, direct, determine, decide, control, govern.

35

dictation

1 (abbr.: dict. )the action of saying words aloud to be typed, written down, or recorded on tape: the dictation of letters.
• the activity of taking down a passage that is read aloud by a teacher as a test of spelling, writing, or language skills: passages for dictation.
• an utterance that is typed, written down, or recorded: the person who writes the dictation down is his agent.
2 the action of giving orders authoritatively or categorically.

36

diffident


modest or shy because of a lack of self-confidence: a diffident youth.

37

dilapidated

(of a building or object) in a state of disrepair or ruin as a result of age or neglect.

38

dire

1 the dire economic situation: terrible, dreadful, appalling, frightful, awful, atrocious, grim, alarming; grave, serious, disastrous, calamitous, ruinous, hopeless, irretrievable, wretched, desperate, parlous; formal grievous.
2 he was in dire need of help: urgent, desperate, pressing, crying, sore, grave, serious, extreme, acute, drastic.
3 dire warnings of fuel shortages: ominous, gloomy, grim, dismal, unpropitious, inauspicious, unfavorable, pessimistic.

39

dis

speak disrespectfully to or criticize: I don't like her dissing my friends | a campaign of forum postings and emails dissing the company. maybe you should stop dissing psychics and discover that part of yourself.
noun
disrespectful talk

40

discernment

1 the ability to judge well: an astonishing lack of discernment.
2 (in Christian contexts) perception in the absence of judgment with a view to obtaining spiritual direction and understanding: without providing for a time of healing and discernment, there will be no hope of living through this present moment without a shattering of our common life.

41

discordant

1 the messages from Washington and Ottawa were discordant: different, in disagreement, at variance, at odds, divergent, discrepant, contradictory, contrary, in conflict, conflicting, opposite, opposed, opposing, clashing; incompatible, inconsistent, irreconcilable. ANTONYMS harmonious, compatible.
2 discordant sounds: inharmonious, tuneless, off-key, dissonant, harsh, jarring, grating, jangling, jangly, strident, shrill, screeching, screechy, cacophonous; sharp, flat. ANTONYMS harmonious, dulcet.

42

discretion

1 you can rely on his discretion: circumspection, carefulness, caution, wariness, chariness, guardedness; tact, tactfulness, diplomacy, delicacy, sensitivity, prudence, judiciousness.
2 his sentence would be determined at the discretion of the court: choice, option, preference, disposition, volition; pleasure, liking, wish, will, inclination, desire.

43

disgruntled


angry or dissatisfied: judges receive letters from disgruntled members of the public.

44

disheveled

(of a person's hair, clothes, or appearance) untidy; disordered: a man with long, disheveled hair.

45

disingenuous

that innocent, teary-eyed look is just part of a disingenuous act: insincere, dishonest, untruthful, false, deceitful, duplicitous, lying, mendacious; hypocritical.

46

disseminate

much of our funding is used to disseminate information where it is most needed: spread, circulate, distribute, disperse, promulgate, propagate, publicize, communicate, pass on, put about, make known.

47

distraught

deeply upset and agitated: a distraught woman sobbed and screamed for help | he appeared on television, grief-ravaged and distraught.

48

divest

he intends to divest you of your power: deprive of, strip of, dispossess of, rob of, cheat out of, trick out of.

49

divulge

he refused to divulge Father O'Neill's whereabouts: disclose, reveal, tell, communicate, pass on, publish, broadcast, proclaim; expose, uncover, make public, give away, let slip; informal spill the beans about, let on about, let the cat out of the bag about. ANTONYMS conceal.

50

docile

his docile children do everything he asks of them: compliant, obedient, pliant, dutiful, submissive, deferential, unassertive, cooperative, amenable, accommodating, biddable, malleable. ANTONYMS disobedient, willful.