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Flashcards in Dates Deck (227):
1

Bartolomeu Dias (Portugal) sails around the Cape of Good Hope

Meeting of Three Peoples-1600

2

Christopher Columbus (Italian, sailing for Spain) arrives in the New World, beginning the era of European colonization of the Americas

The Meeting of Three Peoples, Prehistory-1600

3

Vasco da Gama (Portugal) sails to India

The Meeting of Three Peoples, Prehistory-1600

4

Martin Luther challenges Roman Catholic beliefs and practices; initiated Protestant Refromation

The Meeting of Three Peoples, Prehistory-1600

5

Spanish forces, led by Hernan Cortes, defeat the Mexica people, led by Montezuma

The Meeting of Three Peoples, Prehistory-1600

6

John Calvin breaks with the Catholic Church

The Meeting of Three Peoples, Prehistory-1600

7

Spanish forces, led by Francisco Pizarro, defeat the Inca people

The Meeting of Three Peoples, Prehistory-1600

8

The repartimiento reforms begin to replace the encomienda system

The Meeting of Three Peoples, Prehistory-1600

9

Founding of the "lost" British colony of Roanoke

The Meeting of Three Peoples, Prehistory-1600

10

British defeat of the Spanish Armada

The Meeting of Three Peoples, Prehistory-1600

11

Jamestown Colony founded

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

12

Henry Hudson explores the area that will become New York

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

13

"Starving time" in Virginia

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

14

House of Burgesses established

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

15

Founding of the Plymouth ColonyMayflower Compact signed

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

16

Attack on Jamestown by local Algonquian Indians

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

17

New Amsterdam founded by the Dutch

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

18

Founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

19

"Great Migration" of Puritans from England to Massachusetts

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

20

Founding of the Georgia Colony

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

21

Founding of the Rhode Island Colony

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

22

Anne Hutchinson banned from Massachusetts

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

23

The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut are adopted

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

24

Act of Religious Toleration passed by Maryland

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

25

Founding of the Carolina Colony

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

26

The New Hampshire Colony separated from Massachusetts

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

27

Founding of the Pennsylvania Colony

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

28

Founding of the North Carolina Colony

Establishment of th Thirteen Colonies, 1607-1711

29

The Half-Way Covenant

The Evolution of Colonial Society, 1620-1755

30

King Philip's War

The Evolution of Colonial Society, 1620-1755

31

Bacon's Rebellion

The Evolution of Colonial Society, 1620-1755

32

Pueblo Revolt (Pope's Rebellion)

The Evolution of Colonial Society, 1620-1755

33

Creation of the Dominion of New England

The Evolution of Colonial Society, 1620-1755

34

The Glorious Revolution

The Evolution of Colonial Society, 1620-1755

35

New Englanders Topple the Dominion of New England

The Evolution of Colonial Society, 1620-1755

36

Salem Witch Trials

The Evolution of Colonial Society, 1620-1755

37

Molasses Act

The Evolution of Colonial Society, 1620-1755

38

Zenger Trial

The Evolution of Colonial Society, 1620-1755

39

Stono Rebellion

The Evolution of Colonial Society, 1620-1755

40

Arrests and executions in the supposed "Negro Plot" in New York CityJonathan Edwards' sermon, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"

The Evolution of Colonial Society, 1620-1755

41

Treaty of Paris ends French and Indian WarProclamation Act

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

42

Sugar Act

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

43

Stamp ActStamp Act Congress

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

44

Declaration Act

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

45

Townshend Revenue Acts

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

46

Boston Massacre

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

47

Gaspee Affair

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

48

Tea Act and The Boston Tea Party

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

49

Coercive (Intolerable) ActsFirst Continental Congress

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

50

Fighting at Lexington and ConcordSecond Continental Congress

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

51

Publication of Common Sense by Thomas PaineDeclaration of Independence

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

52

Articles of Confederation

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

53

Battle of SaratogaFrance enters the war on the side of the colonists

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

54

Articles of Confederation ratified by States

The Critical Period, 1781-1789

55

Treaty of Paris ends the American Revolution

The American Revolution, 1763-1783

The Critical Period, 1781-1789

56

First Land OrdinanceTreaty of Fort Stanwix

The Critical Period, 1781-1789

57

Second Land Ordinance

The Critical Period, 1781-1789

58

Shays's RebellionAnnapolis meeting to revise Articles of Confederation

The Critical Period, 1781-1789

59

Northwest OrdinanceConstitutional Convention in PhiladelphiaDelaware becomes first state to ratify Constitution

1787

60

Constitution officially ratified (nine states were needed for ratification). The last of the original thirteen states (Rhode Island) ratified the Constitution later (in 1790)

1788

61

Inauguration of George WashingtonJudiciary ActBeginning of the French Revolution

1789

62

Ratification of the Bill of RightsAlexander Hamilton issues the Report of ManufacturersThe Bank of the United States is approved

1791

63

War between Great Britain and FranceWashington Neutrality Proclamation

1793

64

Whiskey RebellionJay's Treaty

1794

65

Pinckney's Treaty

1795

66

Washington's Farewell Address

1796

67

XYZ AffairQuasi-War with FranceAlien and Sedition ActsKentucky and Virginia Resolutions

1798

68

Election of Thomas Jefferson

1800

69

Louisiana PurchaseMarbury vs. Madison

1803

70

Reelection of Jefferson

1804

71

Chesapeake AffairEmbargo Act

1807

72

Election of James Madison

1808

73

Fletcher vs. Peck

1810

74

Battle of Tippecanoe

1811

75

Beginning of War of 1812Reelection of Madison

1812

76

Hartford ConventionTreaty of Ghent

1814

77

Battle of New Orleans

1815

78

Election of James MonroeChartering of the Second Bank of the United States

1816

79

Panic of 1819Dartmouth College vs. WoodwardMcCulloch vs. Maryland

1819

80

Missouri CompromiseReelection of James Monroe

1820

81

Cohens vs. VirginiaOpening of the Lowell factories

1821

82

Gibbons vs. OgdenElection of John Quincy Adams

1824

83

Passage of the Tariff of AbominationsElection of Andrew Jackson

1828

84

Passage of the Indian Removal ActOpening of the Baltimore and Ohio RailroadFounding of Mormonism

1830

85

Cherokee Nation vs. GeorgiaWilliam Lloyd Garrison begins publication of the Liberator

1831

86

Beginning of the Nullification CrisisJackson vetoes renewal of the Second Bank of the United StatesWorcester vs. Georgia

1832

87

Whig Party organizedFirst strike by the Lowell girls

1834

88

Jackson issues Specie CircularCongress passes the gag ruleThe Battle of the AlamoTexas independence

1836

89

Trail of Tears

1838

90

Election of William Henry Harrison of The Whig PartyFormation of the Liberty Party

1840

91

John Tyler assumes the presidency upon Harrison's deathBrook Farm founded

1841

92

Construction of Erie Canal begins

1817

93

Opening of the Erie Canal

1825

94

Samuel Morse invents the telegraphJames Polk elected presidentTexas Annexation

1844

95

Public school movement begins in Boston

1827

96

Publication of David Walker's Appeal To the Coloured Citizens of the World

1829

97

Founding of the American Anti-slavery Society

1833

98

Publication of Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America

1835

99

Elijah Lovejoy murdered by proslavery mob

1837

100

Dorothea Dix organizes the movement for asylum reform

1843

101

Seneca Falls ConventionThe Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican WarGold found in California

1848

102

Herman Melville writes Moby Dick

1851

103

Stephen Austin established the first American Settlement in Texas

1822

104

Resolution of the dispute with Great Britain over the Oregon TerritoryBeginning of the Mexican War

1846

105

Ostend Manifesto

1854

106

Compromise of 1850

1850

107

Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe

1852

108

Beginning of "Bleeding Kansas"The beating of Senator Charles Sumner

1856

109

Dred Scott vs. Sanford decision

1857

110

John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry arsenal

1859

111

Election of President Abraham LincolnSouth Carolina secedes from the United States

1860

112

The inauguration of LincolnSix more states, all from the Deep South, secedeFighting at Fort SumterFour more states, from the Upper South, secede

1861

113

Homestead Act

1862

114

The Emancipation Proclamation goes into effectNew York City draft riots

1863

115

Sherman's March to the Sea

1864

116

Freedman's Bureau is established13th amendment is ratifiedLincoln is assassinatedSouthern states begin to pass Black codesThe beginning of the Great Sioux War

1865

117

Civil Rights Act passedKu Klux Klan is formedMedicine Lodge Treaty establishes the reservation system

1866

118

Reconstruction Acts passed; beginning of Congressional ReconstructionTenure of Office Act

1867

119

Johnson is impeached14th Amendment is ratified

1868

120

15th Amendment is ratified

1870

121

Agreement ends Reconstruction; Hayes becomes presidentGreat Railroad StrikeMunn vs. IllinoisCompromise of 1877; Republican Rutherford B. Hayes assumes presidency

1877

122

Custer's Last StandAlexander Graham Bell develops the telephone

1876

123

Helen Hunt Jackson publishes A Century of Dishonor

1881

124

Dawes Severalty ActInterstate Commerce ActOpening of the first subway system in the United States (Boston

1887

125

Beginning of Ghost Dance movementMassacre at Wounded KneeSherman Antitrust Act

1890

126

Plessy vs. FergusonWilliam Jennings Bryan's "Cross of Gold" speechRepublican William Mckinley is elected president

1896

127

Founding of the Knights of labor

1869

128

The Panic of 1873U.S. stops coining silver; goes on gold standard

1873

129

Thomas A. Edison develops the lightbulb

1879

130

The formation of the Standard Oil TrustChinese Exclusion Act

1882

131

Founding of the American Federation of LaborHaymarket BombingWabash, St. Louis and Pacific Railway Company vs. Illinois

1886

132

Homestead lockoutDemocrat Grover Cleveland is reelected presidentFormation of the People's (Populist) party; Omaha Platform

1892

133

Panic of 1893Economic downturn following the panic of 1893World's Columbian Exposition (Chicago World's Fair)Queen Liliuokalani is toppled by a coalition of U.S. marines and businessmen

1893

134

Pullman strikeCoxey's Army march to Washington, D.C.

1894

135

United States vs. E.C. Knight Company

1895

136

Republican Ulysses S. Grant is elected President

1872

137

Formation of the Greenback Party

1878

138

Republican James Garfield is elected presidentAssassination of President Garfield; Chester Arthur assumes presidency

1880

139

Passage of the Pendleton ActOpening of the Brooklyn Bridge

1883

140

Democrat Grover Ceveland is elected president

1884

141

Republican Benjamin Harrison is elected president

1888

142

Spanish-American WarAnnexation of HawaiiFormation of the American Anti-Imperialist LeagueTreaty of Paris

1898

143

Secretary of State John Hay establishes the Open Door policy in China

1899-1900

144

Philippine-American War

1899-1902

145

The United States acquires the Panama Canal Zone (Canal completed in 1914)

1903

146

Republican Theodore Roosevelt elected president

1904

147

Founding of the Niagara Movement

1905

148

Theodore Roosevelt wins the Nobel Peace PrizePublication of The Jungle by Upton SinclairThe Meat inspection ActPassage of the Pure Food and Drug ActThe Hepburn Act

1906

149

Republican William Howard Taft elected president

1908

150

Creation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored people

1909

151

The Mann Act

1910

152

Democrat Woodrow Wilson elected president

1912

153

The Sixteenth Amendment (federal income tax) is ratifiedThe Seventeenth Amendment (direct election of senators) is ratifiedHenry Ford introduces the conveyor belt to automobile production

1913

154

The Federal Reserve ActThe Federal Trade CommissionThe Clayton Antitrust ActThe beginning of World War I

1914

155

United States intervention in Mexico

1914-1917

156

The release of D.W. Griffith's film Birth of a Nation

1915

157

The reelection of Woodrow Wilson

1916

158

The Espionage Act

1917

159

The Sedition ActArmistice ends World War I

1918

160

The Eighteenth Amendment (prohibition) is ratifiedThe creation of the CominternThe deportation of Emma GoldmanSchenck vs. United States

1919

161

The Boston Police Strike

1919-1920

162

The Nineteenth Amendment (women's right to vote) is ratifiedThe Height of the Palmer RaidsElection of Warren G. Harding

1920

163

Emergency Quota ActBeginning of the Teapot Dome Scandal

1921

164

National Origins ActElection of Calvin COolidge

1924

165

Scopes Trial

1925

166

Execution of Sacco and Vanzetti

1927

167

Election of Herbert HooverThe Kellogg-Briand Pact

1928

168

Franklin D. Roosevelt elected President

1932

169

Ratification of the 21st Amendment (repeal of prohibition)The 100 DaysBank HolidayAgricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)Glass-Steagall Act (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation established)National industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

1933

170

Clifford Odets writes the play Waiting for LeftyShare Our Wealth clubs started by Huey P. LongSecurities and Exchange Commission

1934

171

National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)Social Security ActSchechter decision strikes down the NIRAWorks progress AdministrationThe First Neutrality Act

1935

172

Charlie Chaplin's Modern Times is releasedButler decision strikes down the AAARoosevelt's court-packing planRoosevelt election to a second term

1936

173

The Spanish Civil War

1936-1939

174

Roosevelt RecessionFarm Security AdministrationThe Panay IncidentThe Quarantine Speech

1937

175

The movie Mr. Smith Goes to Washington is releasedJohn Stein beck writes The Grapes of WrathCash-and-Carry PolicyNazi-Soviet Pact

1939

176

Roosevelt elected to unprecedented third termSelective Service ActLend-Lease ActTripartite Pact

1940

177

Lend-Lease ActJapanese attack on Pearl Harbor

1941

178

The Battle of Midway

1942

179

The Teheran Conference

1943

180

Korematsu vs. United StatesThe Bretton Woods ConferenceThe G.I. Bill is passed

1944

181

Battles of Iwo Jima and OkinawaThe Yalta ConferenceThe Potsdam ConferenceDropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

1945

182

Baby and Child Care by Dr. Benjamin Spock is publishedLargest wave of strikes in United States History

1946

183

Publication of the "X Article" ("Sources of Soviet Conduct") by George KennanThe Truman Doctrine (containment) is announced$400 million in military aid to Greece and TurkeyHouse Un-American Activities Committee begins investigations on HollywoodTaft-Hartley Act

1947

184

Beginning of the Berlin BlockadeElection of Harry S. Trumanpresident Truman issues the order to desegregate the military

1948

185

Formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

1949

186

Senator Joseph McCarthy gains public spotlight on the issue of anticommunismNSC-68 is adoptedThe beginning of the Korean WarPassage of the McCarran Internal Security Act

1950

187

Truman fires General Douglas MacArthurThe United States tests the world's first hydrogen bomb

1951

188

Execution of Julius and Ethel RosenbergArmy-McCarthy hearingsElection of Dwight D. Eisenhower as president

1952

189

Interstate Highway ActBrown vs. The Board of Education of Topeka

1954

190

Creation of Warsaw Pact

1955

191

Rosa parks is arrested for not giving up her seat; Mongomery Bus BoycottReelection of Eisenhower

1956

192

Soviet Launch of the Sputnik satelliteFounding of the Southern Christian Leadership ConverenceCrisis in Little Rock, Arkansas, over school desegregationOn the Road by Jack Kerouac is published

1957

193

Soviet Union shoots down U-2 spy planeLunch counter sit-in movement beingsElection of John F. Kennedy

1960

194

Bay of Pigs invasion in CubaThe Freedom Rides begin

1961

195

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

196

The campaign to desegregate Birmingham, AlabamaThe assassination of President John F. KennedyMarch on Washington, D.C.; King deliver his "I Have A Dream" speech

1963

197

The Civil Rights Acts passed"Freedom Summer" voter registration derive in MississippiThe killing of civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, James Chaney, and Andrew GoodmanThe Gulf of Tonkin ResolutionElection of Lyndon B. Johnson

1964

198

Voting Rights ActMalcom X is AssassinatedSelma to Montgomery, Alabama march

1965

199

Founding of the Black Panthers

1966

200

"Summer of Love"Rioting in Detroit, Newark, and other cities

1967

201

The assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.The Assassination of Robert F. KennedyViolence occurs at the Democratic Convention in ChicagoThe Election of Richard NixonThe founding of the American Indian Movement

1968

202

Woodstock FestivalStonewall Riot in New York City; birth of the gay liberation movementApollo 11 lands on the moon

1969

203

President Nixon widens the Vietnam War into CambodiaFour students are killed by the National Guard at a Kent State protest

1970

204

Publication of the Pentagon Papers in the New York TImes

1971

205

Arrest of burglars at the Watergate ComplexReelection of Richard Nixon

1972

206

Congressional hearings on Watergate

1973

207

Nixon resigns presidency; Gerald Ford assumes the presidencyFord grants Nixon a complete pardon

1974

208

The election of Jimmy Carter

1976

209

Supreme Court Decision in Bakke vs. University of Califronia

1977

210

Panama Canal TreatyCamp David Accords

1978

211

Three Mile Island nuclear accidentFormation of the Moral MajoritySoviet invasion of AfghanistanIranian students seize the U.S. embassy; hold hostages for over a year

1979

212

The United States boycotts the Olympic Games held in MoscowElection of Ronald Reagan

1980

213

Release of American hostages held in IranReagan fires striking air traffic controllers

1981

214

Reelection of Ronald Reagan

1984

215

Iran-Contra hearings

1987

216

Election of George H. W. Bush

1988

217

Collapse of communism in Eastern Europe

1989

218

Operation Desert StormCollapse of the Soviet Untion

1991

219

Election of Bill Clinton

1992

220

Fighting in Mogadishu, SomaliaRatification of the North American Free Trade Agreement

1993

221

House Republicans issue the Contract With AmericaBoth houses of Congress shift from Democratic to Republican control

1994

222

Reelection of Bill Clinton

1996

223

Impeachment of President Clinton

1998

224

Election of George W. Bush

2000

225

Terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon

2001

226

Reelection of George W. Bush

2004

227

Election of Barack Obama

2008