Day 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Day 6 Deck (200):
1

Define:

incense

(in SENS)

v. to make very angry

Jeremy was incensed when I told him that even though he was stupid and loathsome, he would always be my best friend.

2

Define:

incessant

(in SES unt)

adj. unceasing

I will go deaf and lose my mind if your children don’t stop the incessant bickering.

3

Define:

incipient

(in SIP ee unt)

adj. beginning; emerging

Sitting in class, Henrietta detected an incipient tingle of boredom that told her she would soon be asleep.

4

Define:

incisive

(in SYE siv)

adj. cutting right to the heart of the matter

After hours of debate, Louis offered a few incisive comments that made it immediately clear to everyone how dumb the original idea had been.

5

Define:

incongruous

(in KAHN groo us)

adj. not harmonious; not consistent; not appropriate; not fitting in

The ultramodern kitchen seemed incongruous in the restored eighteenth-century farmhouse. It was an incongruity (in kun GROO uh tee).

6

Define:

incorrigible

(in KOR uh juh bul)

adj. incapable of being reformed

The convict was an incorrigible criminal; as soon as he got out of prison, he said, he was going to rob another doughnut store.

7

Define:

increment

(IN cruh munt)

n. an increase; one in a series of increases

Bernard received a small increment in his salary each year, even though he did less and less work with every day that passed.

8

Define:

indifferent

(in DIF ur unt)

adj. not caring one way or the other; apathetic; mediocre

Pedro was indifferent about politics; he didn’t care who was elected to office so long as no one passed a law against Monday night football.

9

Define:

indigenous

(in DIJ uh nus)

adj. native; originating in that area

Fast-food restaurants are indigenous to America, where they were invented.

10

Define:

indigent

(IN di junt)

adj. poor

The indigent family had little to eat, nothing to spend, and virtually nothing to wear.

11

Define:

indignant

(in DIG nunt)

adj. angry, especially as a result of something unjust or unworthy; insulted

Ted became indignant when the policewoman accused him of stealing the nuclear weapon.

12

Define:

indolent

(IN duh lunt)

adj. lazy

The indolent teenagers slept late, moped around, and never looked for summer jobs.

13

Define:

indulgent

(in DUL junt)

adj. lenient; yielding to desire

The nice mom was indulgent of her children, letting them have all the candy, cookies, and ice cream that they wanted, even for breakfast.

14

Define:

ineffable

(in EF uh bul)

adj. incapable of being expressed or described

The simple beauty of nature is often so ineffable that it brings tears to our eyes.

15

Define:

inept

(in EPT)

adj. clumsy; incompetent; gauche

Joshua is an inept dancer; he is as likely to stomp on his partner’s foot as he is to step on it.

16

Define:

inert

(in URT)

adj. inactive; sluggish; not reacting chemically

The baseball team seemed strangely inert; it was as though they had lost the will not only to win but also to play.

17

Define:

inexorable

(in EK sur uh bul)

adj. relentless; inevitable; unavoidable

The inexorable waves pounded the shore, as they have always pounded it and as they always will pound it.

18

Define:

infamous

(IN fuh mus)

adj. shamefully wicked; having an extremely bad reputation; disgraceful

Deep within the prison was the infamous torture chamber, where hooded guards tickled their prisoners with feathers until they confessed.

19

Define:

infatuated

(in FACH oo ay tid)

adj. foolish; foolishly passionate or attracted; made foolish; foolishly in love

I was so infatuated with Polly that I drooled and gurgled when­ ever she was near.

20

Define:

infer

(in FUR)

v. to conclude; to deduce

Raizel said she loved the brownies, but I inferred from the size of the piece left on her plate that she had actually despised them.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make very angry

incense

(in SENS)

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unceasing

incessant

(in SES unt)

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. beginning; emerging

incipient

(in SIP ee unt)

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. cutting right to the heart of the matter

incisive

(in SYE siv)

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not harmonious; not consistent; not appropriate; not fitting in

incongruous

(in KAHN groo us)

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. incapable of being reformed

incorrigible

(in KOR uh juh bul)

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an increase; one in a series of increases

increment

(IN cruh munt)

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not caring one way or the other; apa­thetic; mediocre

indifferent

(in DIF ur unt)

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. native; originating in that area

indigenous

(in DIJ uh nus)

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. poor

indigent

(IN di junt)

31

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. angry, especially as a result of something unjust or unworthy; insulted

indignant

(in DIG nunt)

32

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lazy

indolent

(IN duh lunt)

33

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lenient; yielding to desire

indulgent

(in DUL junt)

34

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. incapable of being expressed or described

ineffable

(in EF uh bul)

35

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. clumsy; incompetent; gauche

inept

(in EPT)

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. inactive; sluggish; not reacting chemically

inert

(in URT)

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. relentless; inevitable; unavoidable

inexorable

(in EK sur uh bul)

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. shamefully wicked; having an extremely bad reputation; disgraceful

infamous

(IN fuh mus)

39

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. foolish; foolishly passionate or at­tracted; made foolish; foolishly in love

infatuated

(in FACH oo ay tid)

40

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to conclude; to deduce

infer

(in FUR)

41

Define:

mendacious

(men DAY shus)

adj. lying; dishonest

The jury saw through the mendacious witness and convicted the defendant.

42

Define:

mendicant

(MEN di kunt)

n. a beggar

The presence of thousands of mendicants in every urban area is a sad commentary on our national priorities.

43

Define:

mentor

(MEN tur)

n. a teacher, tutor, counselor, or coach; especially in business, an experienced person who shows an inexperienced person the ropes

Chris’s mentor in the pole vault was a former track star who used to hang out by the gym and give the students pointers.

44

Define:

mercenary

(MUR suh ner ee)

n. a hired soldier; some one who will do anything for money

Our business contains a few dedicated workers and many, many mercenaries, who want to make a quick buck and then get out.

45

Define:

mercurial

(mur KYOOR ee ul)

adj. emotionally unpredictable; rapidly changing in mood

Mercurial Helen was crying one minute, laughing the next.

46

Define:

metamorphosis

(met uh MOR fuh sis)

n. a magical change in form; a striking or sudden change

When the magician passed his wand over Eileen’s head, she underwent a bizarre metamorphosis: She turned into a hamster.

47

Define:

microcosm

(MYE kruh kahz um)

n. the world in miniature

Our community, which holds so many different communities, institutions, businesses, and types of people, is a microcosm of the larger world.

48

Define:

milieu

(mil YOO)

n. environment; surroundings

A caring and involved community is the proper milieu for raising a family.

49

Define:

minuscule

(MIN uh skyool)

adj. very tiny

Hank’s salary was minuscule, but the benefits were pretty good: He got to sit next to the refrigerator and eat all day long.

50

Define:

misanthropic

(mis un THRAHP ik)

adj. hating mankind

A misogynist (mis AH juh nist) hates women. A misanthropic person doesn’t make distinctions; he or she hates everyone. The opposite of a misanthrope (MIS un throhp) is a philanthropist (fuh LAN thruh pist). Curiously, there is no word for someone who hates men only.

51

Define:

mitigate

(MIT uh gayt)

v. to moderate the effect of something

The sense of imminent disaster was mitigated by the guide’s calm behavior and easy smile.

52

Define:

mollify

(MAHL uh fye)

v. to soften; to soothe; to pacify

Lucy mollified the angry police officer by kissing his hand.

53

Define:

monolithic

(mah nuh LITH ik)

adj. massive, solid, uniform, and unyielding

A monolith is a huge stone shaft or column. Many other things can be said to be monolithic. A huge corporation is often said to be monolithic, especially if it is enormous and powerful and all its parts are dedicated to the same purpose.

54

Define:

moribund

(MOR uh bund)

adj. dying

The steel industry in this country was moribund a few years ago, but now it seems to be reviving somewhat.

55

Define:

morose

(muh ROHS)

adj. gloomy; sullen

Louise was always so morose about everything that she was never any fun to be with.

56

Define:

mortify

(MOR tuh fye)

adj. to humiliate

I was mortified when my father asked my girlfriend whether she thought I was a dumb, pathetic wimp.

57

Define:

mundane

(mun DAYN)

adj. ordinary; pretty boring; not heavenly and eternal

My day was filled with mundane chores: I mowed the lawn, did the laundry, and fed the dog.

58

Define:

munificent

(myoo NIF uh sunt)

adj. very generous; lavish

The munificent millionaire gave lots of money to any charity that came to him with a request.

59

Define:

myopia

(mye OH pee uh)

adj. nearsightedness; lack of foresight

The president suffered from economic myopia; he was unable to see the consequences of his fiscal policies.

60

Define:

myriad

(MIR ee ud)

n. a huge number

A country sky on a clear night is filled with a myriad of stars.

61

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lying; dishonest

mendacious

(men DAY shus)

62

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a beggar

mendicant

(MEN di kunt)

63

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a teacher, tutor, counselor, or coach; especially in business, an experienced person who shows an inexperienced person the ropes

mentor

(MEN tur)

64

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a hired soldier; some one who will do anything for money

mercenary

(MUR suh ner ee)

65

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. emotionally unpredictable; rapidly changing in mood

mercurial

(mur KYOOR ee ul)

66

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a magical change in form; a striking or sudden change

metamorphosis

(met uh MOR fuh sis)

67

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the world in miniature

microcosm

(MYE kruh kahz um)

68

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. environment; surroundings

milieu

(mil YOO)

69

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. very tiny

minuscule

(MIN uh skyool)

70

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. hating mankind

misanthropic

(mis un THRAHP ik)

71

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to moderate the effect of something

mitigate

(MIT uh gayt)

72

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to soften; to soothe; to pacify

mollify

(MAHL uh fye)

73

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. massive, solid, uniform, and un­yielding

monolithic

(mah nuh LITH ik)

74

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. dying

moribund

(MOR uh bund)

75

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. gloomy; sullen

morose

(muh ROHS)

76

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. to humiliate

mortify

(MOR tuh fye)

77

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. ordinary; pretty boring; not heavenly and eternal

mundane

(mun DAYN)

78

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. very generous; lavish

munificent

(myoo NIF uh sunt)

79

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. nearsightedness; lack of foresight

myopia

(mye OH pee uh)

80

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a huge number

myriad

(MIR ee ud)

81

Define:

pernicious

(pur NISH us)

adj. deadly; extremely evil

The drug dealers conducted their pernicious business on every street corner in the city.

82

Define:

perquisite

(PUR kwuh zit)

n. a privilege that goes along with a job; a “perk”

Free access to a photocopier is a perquisite of most office jobs.

83

Define:

pertinent

(PUR tuh nunt)

adj. relevant; dealing with the matter at hand

The suspect said that he was just borrowing the jewelry for a costume ball. The cop said he did not think that was pertinent.

84

Define:

perturb

(pur TURB)

v. to disturb greatly

Ivan’s mother was perturbed by his aberrant behavior at the dinner table. Ivan’s father was not bothered. Nothing bothered Ivan, Sr. He was imperturbable.

85

Define:

peruse

(puh ROOZ)

v. to read carefully

The lawyer perused the contract for many hours, looking for a loophole that would enable his client to back out of the deal.

86

Define:

pervade

(pur VAYD)

v. to spread throughout

A terrible smell pervaded the apartment building after the sewer main exploded.

87

Define:

petulant

(PECH uh lunt)

adj. rude; cranky; ill-tempered

Gloria became petulant when we suggested that she leave her pet cheetah at home when she came to spend the weekend; she said that we had insulted her cheetah and that an insult to her cheetah was an insult to her.

88

Define:

philanthropy

(fi LAN thruh pee)

n. love of mankind, especially by doing good deeds

His gift of one billion dollars to the local orphanage was the finest act of philanthropy I’ve ever seen.

89

Define:

philistine

(FIL i steen)

n. a smugly ignorant person with no appreciation of intellectual or artistic matters

The novelist dismissed his critics as philistines, saying they wouldn’t recognize a good book if it crawled up and bit them on the nose; the critics, in reply, dismissed the novelist as a philistine who wouldn’t recognize a good book if it crawled up and rolled itself into his typewriter.

90

Define:

pious

(PYE us)

adj. reverent or devout; outwardly (and sometimes falsely) reverent or devout; hypocritical

The adulterous minister’s sermon on marital fidelity was filled with pious disregard for his own sins.

91

Define:

pivotal

(PIV uh tul)

adj. crucial

Sofia’s contribution was pivotal; without it, we would have failed.

92

Define:

placate

(PLAY kayt)

v. to pacify; to appease; to soothe

The tribe placated the angry volcano by tossing a few teenagers into the raging crater.

93

Define:

plaintive

(PLAYN tiv)

adj. expressing sadness or sorrow

The lead singer’s plaintive love song expressed his sorrow at being abandoned by his girlfriend for the lead guitarist.

94

Define:

platitude

(PLAT uh tood)

n. a dull or trite remark; a cliché

The principal thinks he is a great orator, but his loud, boring speech was full of platitudes.

95

Define:

plebeian

(pluh BEE un)

adj. common; vulgar; low-class

Sarah refused to eat frozen dinners, saying they were too plebeian for her discriminating palate. Plebeian is the opposite of aristocratic.

96

Define:

plethora

(PLETH ur uh)

n. an excess

We ate a plethora of candy on Halloween and a plethora of turkey on Thanksgiving.

97

Define:

poignant

(POYN yunt)

adj. painfully emotional; extremely moving; sharp or astute

All the reporters stopped taking notes as they watched the old woman’s poignant reunion with her daughter, whom she hadn’t seen in forty-five years.

98

Define:

polarize

(POH luh ryze)

v. to break up into opposing factions or groupings

The issue of what kind of sand to put in the sandbox polarized the nursery school class; some students would accept nothing but wet, while others wanted only dry.

99

Define:

polemic

(puh LEM ik)

n. a powerful argument often made to attack or refute a controversial issue

The book was a convincing polemic that revealed the fraud at the heart of the large corporation.

100

Define:

ponderous

(PAHN dur us)

adj. so large as to be clumsy; massive; dull

The wedding cake was a ponderous blob of icing and jelly beans.

101

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. deadly; extremely evil

pernicious

(pur NISH us)

102

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a privilege that goes along with a job; a “perk”

perquisite

(PUR kwuh zit)

103

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. relevant; dealing with the matter at hand

pertinent

(PUR tuh nunt)

104

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to disturb greatly

perturb

(pur TURB)

105

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to read carefully

peruse

(puh ROOZ)

106

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to spread throughout

pervade

(pur VAYD)

107

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. rude; cranky; ill-tempered

petulant

(PECH uh lunt)

108

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. love of mankind, especially by do­ing good deeds

philanthropy

(fi LAN thruh pee)

109

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a smugly ignorant person with no appreciation of intellectual or artistic matters

philistine

(FIL i steen)

110

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. reverent or devout; outwardly (and sometimes falsely) reverent or devout; hypocritical

pious

(PYE us)

111

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. crucial

pivotal

(PIV uh tul)

112

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to pacify; to appease; to soothe

placate

(PLAY kayt)

113

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. expressing sadness or sorrow

plaintive

(PLAYN tiv)

114

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a dull or trite remark; a cliché

platitude

(PLAT uh tood)

115

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. common; vulgar; low-class

plebeian

(pluh BEE un)

116

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an excess

plethora

(PLETH ur uh)

117

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. painfully emotional; extremely moving; sharp or astute

poignant

(POYN yunt)

118

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to break up into opposing factions or group­ings

polarize

(POH luh ryze)

119

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a powerful argument often made to attack or refute a controversial issue

polemic

(puh LEM ik)

120

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. so large as to be clumsy; massive; dull

ponderous

(PAHN dur us)

121

Define:

relentless

(ri LENT lis)

adj. continuous; unstoppable

The insatiable rabbit was relentless; it ate and ate until nothing was left in the botanical garden.

122

Define:

relinquish

(ri LING kwish)

v. to release or let go of; to surrender; to stop doing

The hungry dog refused to relinquish the enormous beef bone that he had stolen from the butcher’s shop.

123

Define:

remonstrate

(ri MAHN strayt)

v. to argue against; to protest; to raise objections

My boss remonstrated with me for telling all the secretaries they could take off the rest of the week.

124

Define:

renaissance

(REN uh sahns)

n. a rebirth or revival

The declining neighborhood underwent a renaissance when a group of investors bought several crumbling tenements and turned them into attractive apartment buildings.

125

Define:

renounce

(ri NOWNSE)

v. to give up formally or resign; to disown; to have nothing to do with anymore

Despite the pleadings and protestations of her parents, Deborah refused to renounce her love for the leader of the motorcycle gang.

126

Define:

reparation

(rep uh RAY shun)

n. paying back; making amends; compensation

The defeated country demanded reparations for the destruction it had suffered at the hands of the victorious army.

127

Define:

repercussion

(ree pur KUSH un)

n. a consequence; an indirect effect

One repercussion of the new tax law was that accountants found themselves with a lot of new business.

128

Define:

replenish

(ri PLEN ish)

v. to fill again; to resupply; to restore

The manager of the hardware store needed to replenish his stock; quite a few of the shelves were empty.

129

Define:

replete

(ri PLEET)

adj. completely filled; abounding

The once-polluted stream was now replete with fish of every description.

130

Define:

reprehensible

(rep ri HEN suh bul)

adj. worthy of severe blame or censure

He put the cat in the laundry chute, tied the dog to the chimney, and committed several other reprehensible acts.

131

Define:

reprisal

(ri PRYE zul)

n. a military action undertaken in revenge for another; an act of taking “an eye for an eye”

The raid on the Iranian oil-drilling platform was a reprisal for the Iranians’ earlier attack on the American tanker.

132

Define:

reproach

(ri PROHCH)

v. to scold, usually in disappointment; to blame; to disgrace

The police officer reproached me for leaving my car parked overnight in a no-standing zone.

133

Define:

reprove

(ri PROOV)

v. to criticize mildly

Aunt May reproved us for eating too much, but we could tell she was actually thrilled that we had enjoyed the meal.

134

Define:

repudiate

(ri PYOO dee ayt)

v. to reject; to renounce; to disown; to have nothing to do with

Hoping to receive a lighter sentence, the convicted gangster repudiated his former connection with the mob.

135

Define:

requisite

(REK wuh zit)

adj. required; necessary

Howard bought a hunting rifle and the requisite ammunition.

136

Define:

resolute

(REZ uh loot)

adj. determined; firm; unwavering

Uncle Ted was resolute in his decision not to have a good time at our Christmas party; he stood alone in the corner and muttered to himself all night long.

137

Define:

respite

(RES pit)

n. a period of rest or relief

We worked without respite from five in the morning until five in the afternoon.

138

Define:

reticent

(RET uh sint)

adj. quiet; restrained; reluctant to speak, especially about oneself

Luther’s natural reticence made him an ideal speaker: His speeches never lasted more than a few minutes.

139

Define:

revere

(ri VEER)

v. to respect highly; to honor

Einstein was a preeminent scientist who was revered by everyone, even his rivals. Einstein enjoyed nearly universal reverence (REV uh rins).

140

Define:

rhetoric

(RET ur ik)

n. the art of formal speaking or writing; inflated discourse

A political candidate’s speech that was long on drama and promises but short on genuine substance might be dismissed as “mere rhetoric.”

141

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. continuous; unstoppable

relentless

(ri LENT lis)

142

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to release or let go of; to surrender; to stop doing

relinquish

(ri LING kwish)

143

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to argue against; to protest; to raise objections

remonstrate

(ri MAHN strayt)

144

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a rebirth or revival

renaissance

(REN uh sahns)

145

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to give up formally or resign; to disown; to have nothing to do with anymore

renounce

(ri NOWNSE)

146

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. paying back; making amends; compensation

reparation

(rep uh RAY shun)

147

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a consequence; an indirect effect

repercussion

(ree pur KUSH un)

148

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to fill again; to resupply; to restore

replenish

(ri PLEN ish)

149

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. completely filled; abounding

replete

(ri PLEET)

150

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. worthy of severe blame or censure

reprehensible

(rep ri HEN suh bul)

151

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a military action undertaken in revenge for another; an act of taking “an eye for an eye”

reprisal

(ri PRYE zul)

152

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to scold, usually in disappointment; to blame; to disgrace

reproach

(ri PROHCH)

153

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to criticize mildly

reprove

(ri PROOV)

154

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to reject; to renounce; to disown; to have nothing to do with

repudiate

(ri PYOO dee ayt)

155

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. required; necessary

requisite

(REK wuh zit)

156

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. determined; firm; unwavering

resolute

(REZ uh loot)

157

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a period of rest or relief

respite

(RES pit)

158

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. quiet; restrained; reluctant to speak, especially about oneself

reticent

(RET uh sint)

159

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to respect highly; to honor

revere

(ri VEER)

160

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the art of formal speaking or writing; inflated discourse

rhetoric

(RET ur ik)

161

Define:

singular

(SING gyuh lur)

adj. unique; superior; exceptional; strange

Darren had the singular ability to stand on one big toe for several hours at a time.

162

Define:

sinister

(SIN ih stur)

adj. evil, wicked; foreshadowing evil, trouble, or wickedness

The house on the hill is pretty by day, but at night it casts sinister shadows and emits frightening moans.

163

Define:

slander

(SLAN dur)

v. to speak badly about someone publicy; to defame; to spread malicious rumor

Jonathan slandered Mr. Perriwinkle by telling everyone in school that the principal was a thief; Mr. Perriwinkle resented this slander. Since he was the principal, he expelled the slanderous student.

164

Define:

sloth

(slawth)

n. laziness; sluggishness

Yusuke’s weekends were devoted to sloth. He never arose before noon, and he seldom left the house before Monday morning.

165

Define:

sobriety

(suh BRYE uh tee)

n. the state of being sober; seriousness

Sobriety was such an unfamiliar condition that the reforming alcoholic didn’t recognize it at first.

166

Define:

solicitous

(suh LIS uh tus)

adj. eager and attentive, often to the point of hovering; anxiously caring or attentive

Every time we turned around, we seemed to step on the foot of the solicitous salesman, who appeared to feel that if he left us alone for more than a few seconds, we would decide to leave the store.

167

Define:

solvent

(SAHL vunt)

adj. not broke or bankrupt; able to pay one’s bills

Jerry didn’t hope to become a millionaire; all he wanted to do was remain solvent.

168

Define:

soporific

(sahp uh RIF ik)

adj. sleep inducing; boring; sleepy

The doctor calmed his hysterical patient by injecting him with some sort of soporific medication.

169

Define:

sordid

(SOR did)

adj. vile; filthy; squalid

The college roommates led a sordid existence, surrounded by dirty laundry, rotting garbage, and body odor.

170

Define:

spawn

(spawn)

v. to bring forth; to produce a large number

A best-selling book or blockbuster movie will spawn dozens of imitators.

171

Define:

specious

(SPEE shus)

adj. deceptively plausible or attractive

The charlatan’s specious theories about curing baldness with used tea bags charmed the studio audience but did not con­ vince the experts, who believed that fresh tea bags were more effective.

172

Define:

sporadic

(spuh RAD ik)

adj. stopping and starting; scattered; occurring in bursts every once in a while

Kyle’s attention to his schoolwork was sporadic at best; he tend­ ed to lose his concentration after a few minutes of effort.

173

Define:

spurious

(SPYOOR ee us)

adj. false; fake

The political candidate attributed his loss to numerous spurious rumors that had hounded him throughout his campaign.

174

Define:

squalor

(SKWAHL ur)

n. filth; wretched, degraded, or repulsive living conditions

If people live in squalor for too long, the ruling elite can count on an insurgency.

175

Define:

squander

(SKWAHN dur)

v. to waste

Jerry failed to husband his inheritance; instead, he squandered it on stuffed toys.

176

Define:

stagnation

(stag NAY shun)

n. motionlessness; inactivity

The company grew quickly for several years, then fell into stagnation.

177

Define:

static

(STAT ik)

adj. stationary; not changing or moving

Sales of the new book soared for a few weeks then became static.

178

Define:

staunch

(stawnch)

adj. firmly committed; firmly in favor of; steadfast

A staunch Republican is someone who always votes for Republican candidates.

179

Define:

steadfast

(STED fast)

adj. loyal; faithful

Steadfast love is love that never wavers. To be steadfast in a relationship is to be faithfully committed.

180

Define:

stigmatize

(STIG muh tyze)

v. to brand with disgrace; to set a mark of disgrace upon

Steve’s jeans were Lee’s instead of Levi’s, and this mistake stigmatized him for the rest of his high school career.

181

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unique; superior; exceptional; strange

singular

(SING gyuh lur)

182

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. evil, wicked; foreshadowing evil, trouble, or wickedness

sinister

(SIN ih stur)

183

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to speak badly about someone publicy; to defame; to spread malicious rumor

slander

(SLAN dur)

184

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. laziness; sluggishness

sloth

(slawth)

185

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the state of being sober; seriousness

sobriety

(suh BRYE uh tee)

186

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. eager and attentive, often to the point of hovering; anxiously caring or attentive

solicitous

(suh LIS uh tus)

187

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not broke or bankrupt; able to pay one’s bills

solvent

(SAHL vunt)

188

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. sleep inducing; boring; sleepy

soporific

(sahp uh RIF ik)

189

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. vile; filthy; squalid

sordid

(SOR did)

190

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to bring forth; to produce a large number

spawn

(spawn)

191

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. deceptively plausible or attractive

specious

(SPEE shus)

192

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. stopping and starting; scattered; occurring in bursts every once in a while

sporadic

(spuh RAD ik)

193

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. false; fake

spurious

(SPYOOR ee us)

194

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. filth; wretched, degraded, or repulsive living conditions

squalor

(SKWAHL ur)

195

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to waste

squander

(SKWAHN dur)

196

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. motionlessness; inactivity

stagnation

(stag NAY shun)

197

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. stationary; not changing or moving

static

(STAT ik)

198

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. firmly committed; firmly in favor of; steadfast

staunch

(stawnch)

199

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. loyal; faithful

steadfast

(STED fast)

200

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to brand with disgrace; to set a mark of disgrace upon

stigmatize

(STIG muh tyze)