Day One Cardio Focus Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Day One Cardio Focus Deck (17):
1

common causes of LSHF

ischemia
htn
MI
dilated, restrictive cardiomyopathy

2

causes of right sided HF

LSHF
left to right shunts
lung disease/cor pulmonale

3

increased JVP

right sided heart failure
pericardial tamponade/restrictive pericarditis
tricuspid stenosis

4

S3

normal in kids/febrile/etc
myocardial dysfunction: CHF

5

S4

atheletes
long standing htn

6

Aortic Stenosis

midsystolic at base
increases with leaning forward

7

Aortic Stenosis other features

decreased S2, paradoxical S2 split
s4 gallop
pulsus parvus et tardus

8

MR

holosystolic at apex, radiationes to axilla
decreased S1, S3

9

TR

holosytolic murmur
right sided S3

10

mitral stenosis

diastolic rumble
presystolic accentuation
sharp S1, opening snap
better in left lateral position, after exercise, during exhalation

11

AR

diastolic, radiate to apex and axilla
exhalation with pt leaning forward
S3, S4, large bounding pulse
bisferians pulse

12

Causes of DCM

idiopathic
genetic mutations
myocarditis
alcohol, drugs, pregnancy

13

symptoms of DCM

CHF, MR, TR, arrythmias

14

Causes of HCM

genetic mutations in sacromere proteins, AD

15

Symptoms of HCM

decreased CO
sudden death due to ventricular arrythmias
syncope with exercise

16

RCM Causes

amyloidosis, sarcoidosis, hemochromatosis
endocardial fibroelastosis
loeffler syndrome

17

RCM Symtpoms

CHF
low voltage EKG
diminished QRS amplitudes