Deck 2 Flashcards Preview

GRE/TOEFL > Deck 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Deck 2 Deck (124):
1

rampant

1: violent, 2: growing luxuriantly

2

proliferation

rapid increase in numbers

3

resilient

able to recover quickly

4

dilute

tynne ut, make weaker

5

exacerbated

make a problem worse

6

supplant

supersede and replace

7

stringent

strict, precise

8

to court

to attract (a mate)

9

to woo

to try to gain the love of

10

to cow

tvinge noen by intimidation

11

rugged

uneven surface, having/requiring toughness

12

sinister

truende, impression of evil to come

13

scornful

feeling/expression contempt/derision

14

irksome

irritating, annoying

15

recondite

little known, abstruse

16

impediment

hinder

17

retrofitted

add component (which was not fitted during manifacture)

18

disseminate

spread or disperse widely

19

promulgate

promote or make widely known

20

relish

great enjoyment

21

insipid

lacking flavour, kjedelig

22

run-of-the-mill

lacking unsusal/special aspects

23

revere

feel deep respect/admiration for

24

culprit

1 en skyldig, 2 cause of a problem

25

panacea

solution/remedy for difficulties/diseases

26

arcane

understood by few, mysterious

27

sanguine

optimistic (espec in bad situation)

28

bucolic

relating to the pleasant aspects of countryside

29

adroit

clever/skillful in using hands/mind

30

prolix

pratete, tediously lengthy

31

impetus

the force with which a body moves

32

vindicate

1: clear s.o. of blame, 2: prove to be right

33

redemption

1: frelse, 2: (re-)gaining possession of s.t., clearing a debt

34

boon

a helpful/beneficial thing, a favor

35

debacle

sudden failure, fiasco

36

cloy

disgust s.o. with excessive sweetness/richness

37

hidebound

unwilling/unable to change due to tradition

38

refuse (noun)

matter thrown away/rejected as worthless

39

viable

capable of working successfully, feasible

40

guppy

fish native to tropical America

41

demeanor

outward behavior or bearing

42

surly

bad-tempered, unfriendly

43

prudent

showing care/thought for the future

44

contend

1: struggle to surmount, 2: engage in competition, 3: assert

45

juxtaposition

contrasting two things

46

scuffle

short, confused fight, moving in confused manner

47

deterioration

becoming progressively worse

48

rapt

completed fascinated by s.t.

49

sacrosanct

too important to be interfered with

50

rejuventated

make s.o./s.t. look/feel younger

51

accretion

growth, increase, through accumulation

52

conglomerate

things grouped together to a whole, but remain distinct entities

53

particulate

in the form of separate particles

54

seminal

strongly influencing later developments

55

impart

communicate (s.t.)

56

extemporaneous

spoken/done without preparation
(e.g. a speech)

57

innocuous

not harmful or offensive

58

pilomotor

reflex leading to goose bumps

59

vestigial

small remnant of something previously great

60

follicle

(hår-)sekk

61

quill

hollow shaft of feather

62

puny

small, weak

63

flushing

rødming

64

egalitarianism

doctrine: all people are equal, deserve equal rights and opportunities

65

espousal

adopting/supporting a cause/belief

66

adherence

attachment/commitment to cause/belief

67

rebuttal

refutation/contradiction

68

quaint

attractively unusual or old-fashioned

69

condone

accept and allow

70

forage

search widely for food/provisions

71

epitome

perfect example of type/quality

72

feckless

lacking initiative/strength of character;
irresponsible

73

dynamism

characterized by vigorous activity/progress

74

punctilious

showing great attention to detail/correct behavior

75

luminary

1. prominent person who inspires, 2: artificial light

76

scintillate

emit flashes of light, sparkle

77

incendiary

1. designed to cause fires, 2. tending to stir up conflict, 3. exciting

78

veracious

speaking/representing the truth

79

effloresce

1. lose moisture, 2. blossom

80

acquisitiveness

excessive interest in acquiring money/material things

81

clangorous

continuous loud banging/ringing

82

tepid

lukewarm

83

exact a toll

force to pay a (figurative) price

84

excising

1. remove, 2. put tax on s.t.

85

rejuvenate

make s.t. feel younger

86

indictment

1. formal charge/accusation, 2. illustration of bad situation

87

fortuitous

by accident/chance

88

prescient

having knowledge of events beforehand

89

serendipitous

occurring by chance in beneficial way

90

blandly

uninteresting manner, lacking emotion etc.

91

commensurate

corresponding in size, degree, proportion

92

kindred

similar, related, relationship by blood

93

incense

make s.o. very angry

94

iconoclastic

attacking cherished beliefs/institutions

95

heterodox

not conforming with accepted (orthodox) beliefs

96

prolix

tediously lengthy

97

unexpurgated

complete, uncensored

98

foible

1 minor weakness/eccentricity
2 weaker part of sword blade

99

buoyant

able to stay afloat, optimistic

100

acerbic

sharp and fortright (e.g. comment)

101

premonition

strong feeling that s.t. unpleasant will happen

102

temperate

1. of mild temperature, 2. showing moderation

103

provincial

concerning a province

104

capricious

sudden/unaccountable changes of behavior

105

obstinate

1. stubbornly refusing to change, 2. difficult to change/overcome

106

surpass

exceed, be greater than

107

diffident

modest, shy, lack of self-confidence

108

loquacious

talkative

109

stanch

stop a flow of blood

110

taciturn

reserved, uncommunicative

111

alacrity

brisk, cheerful readiness

112

rhapsody

effusively enthusiastic expression of feeling

113

shirk

avoid or neglect

114

devolve

transfer, delegate (to lower level)

115

bungle

mistake, failure (N or V)

116

polymorphism

occuring in several different forms

117

perturb

1. make s.o. anxious, 2. influence s.o., to alter its path

118

voyeur

person who enjoys 1. watching others have sex or 2. seeing others have pain

119

deleterious

causing harm/damage

120

zealot

person fanatical in pursuit of ideas

121

adulate

praise s.o. excessively/obsequiously

122

braggart

person who boasts/brags

123

prowess

skill, expertise

124

mitigate

make less severe