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Flashcards in Deck13 Deck (96):
1

Aberration

1. the act of departing from the right, normal, or usual course.

2.
the act of deviating from the ordinary, usual, or normal type.
3.
deviation from truth or moral rectitude.

 

1.  wandering; deviation, divergence. 4.  abnormality, eccentricity, illusion, delusion, hallucination. 

2

Ail

1. to cause pain, uneasiness, or trouble to.

2.
to be unwell; feel pain; be ill: He's been ailing for some time.

 

1.  bother, annoy, distress. 

3

Aprobos

1. fitting; at the right time; to the purpose; opportunely.

2. opportune; pertinent: apropos remarks.

4

Augury

1. the art or practice of an augur;  divination.

2.
the rite or ceremony of an augur.
3.
an omen, token, or indication.

-müneccimlik

5

Bawdy

1 indecent; lewd; obscene: another of his bawdy stories.

 

-belden aşağı, açık saçık

 

1.  lascivious, salacious, prurient, earthy, risqué, ribald, coarse, licentious, raunchy. 

6

Blithe

1 joyous, merry, or gay in disposition; glad; cheerful: Everyone loved her for her blithe spirit.

2.
without thought or regard; carefree; heedless: a blithe indifference to anyone's feelings.

-neşeli şen, tasasız

 

1.  happy, mirthful, sprightly, light-hearted, buoyant, joyful, blithesome.

—1.  joyless. 

7

Cadge

1 to obtain by imposing on another's generosity or friendship.

2.
to borrow without intent to repay.
3.
to beg or obtain by begging.
4 to ask, expect, or encourage another person to pay for or provide one's drinks, meals, etc.

-avuç açmak

8

Cleanse

1 to make clean.

2.
to remove by or as if by cleaning: to cleanse sin from the soul.

9

Comprise

1 to include or contain: The Soviet Union comprised several socialist republics.

2.
to consist of; be composed of: The advisory board comprises six members.
3.
to form or constitute: Seminars and lectures comprised the day's activities.

10

Conveyance

1 the act of conveying; transmission; communication.

2.
a means of transporting, especially a vehicle, as a bus, airplane, or automobile.

11

Cynical

1 like or characteristic of a cynic;  distrusting or disparaging the motives of others.

2.
showing contempt for accepted standards of honesty or morality by one's actions, especially by actions that exploit the scruples of others.
3.
bitterly or sneeringly distrustful, contemptuous, or pessimistic.

-insani iyiliğe inanmayan, alaycı, küçümseyen

pessimistic, sarcastic, satirical 

-optimistic

12

Deprave

1 to make morally bad or evil; vitiate; corrupt., to lead into bad habits, make morally bad, corrupt, pervert

13

Discern

1 to perceive by the sight or some other sense or by the intellect; see, recognize, or apprehend: They discerned a sail on the horizon.

2.
to distinguish mentally; recognize as distinct or different; discriminate: He is incapable of discerning right from wrong

3. to distinguish or discriminate.

-farketmek, ayırdetmek

1.  discover, descry, espy. See notice. 2, 3.  differentiate, judge. 

14

Doctrinaire

1 ta person who tries to apply some doctrine  or theory without sufficient regard for practical considerations; an impractical theorist.

2 dogmatic about others' acceptance of one's ideas; fanatical: a doctrinaire preacher.
3.
merely theoretical; impractical.

 

authoritarian, uncompromising, inflexible, unyielding.

—2.  reasonable, flexible. 

15

Elaborate

1 worked out with great care and nicety of detail; executed with great minuteness: elaborate preparations; elaborate care.

2.
marked by intricate and often excessive detail; complicated.

 

1.  perfected, painstaking. 2.  ornate. Elaborate, labored, studied

-simple

16

Enigma

1 a puzzling or inexplicable occurrence or situation: His disappearance is an enigma that has given rise to much speculation.

2.
a person of puzzling or contradictory character

 

1.  problem. 

17

Esoteric

1 understood by or meant for only the select few who have special knowledge or interest; recondite: poetry full of esoteric allusions.

2.
belonging to the select few.
3.
private; secret; confidential.

 

1.  abstruse, arcane, cryptic, enigmatic. 

18

Expostulate

1 to reason earnestly with someone against something that person intends to do or has done; remonstrate: His father expostulated with him about the evils of gambling.

 

dispute, argue, protest; exhort, counsel. 

19

Felon

1 A person guilty of a major crime; criminal

20

Fleece

1 the coat of wool that covers a sheep or a similar animal.

2. to deprive of money or belongings by fraud, hoax, or the like; swindle: He fleeced the stranger of several dollars.

21

Fragrant

1 having a pleasant scent or aroma; sweet-smelling; sweet-scented: a fragrant rose.

2.
delightful; pleasant: fragrant memories.

 

 perfumed, odorous, redolent, aromatic.

—1.  malodorous, noisome. 

22

Goad

1 a stick with a pointed or electrically charged end, for driving cattle, oxen, etc.; prod.

2.
anything that pricks or wounds like such a stick.
3.
something that encourages, urges, or drives; a stimulus.

23

Haughty

1 disdainfully proud; snobbish; scornfully arrogant; supercilious: haughty aristocrats; a haughty salesclerk.

 

lordly, disdainful, contemptuous. See proud.

—1.  humble, unpretentious, unassuming. 

24

Idolatry

1 the religious worship of idols.

2.
excessive or blind adoration, reverence, devotion, etc.

 

2.  obsession, madness, mania. 

25

Implausible

1 not plausible;  not having the appearance of truth or credibility: an implausible alibi.

-doğru gibi durmayan

unlikely, improbable, unbelievable. 

26

Inept

1 without skill or aptitude for a particular task or assignment; maladroit: He is inept at mechanical tasks. She is inept at dealing with people.

2.
generally awkward or clumsy; haplessly incompetent.
3.
inappropriate; unsuitable; out of place.

 

1.  unskillful, bungling. 4.  stupid, pointless, inane.

—1.  suited. 

27

Intractable

1 not easily controlled or directed; not docile or manageable; stubborn; obstinate: an intractable disposition.

2.
(of things) hard to shape or work with: an intractable metal.
3.
hard to treat, relieve, or cure: the intractable pain in his leg.

4. hard to manage, unruly, stubborn

 

1.  perverse, headstrong, dogged, obdurate, stony, willful, froward. 1, 2.  fractious, refractory, unbending, inflexible, adamant, unyielding. See unruly.

—1.  amiable. 1, 2.  amenable, flexible. 

28

Intractable

1 of, pertaining to, or resembling a labyrinth.

2.
complicated; tortuous: the labyrinthine byways of modern literature.

29

Lustrous

1 having luster;  shining; luminous: lustrous eyes.

2.
brilliant; splendid; resplendent; illustrious: a lustrous career.

 

1.  gleaming, radiant, glowing, shimmering. 2.  refulgent, dazzling, gorgeous. 

30

Misanthrope

1 a hater of humankind.

31

Nonplussed

1 to render utterly perplexed; puzzle completely.

32

Ostentatious

1 characterized by or given to pretentious or conspicuous show in an attempt to impress others: an ostentatious dresser.

2.
(of actions, manner, qualities exhibited, etc.) intended to attract notice: Lady Bountiful's ostentatious charity.

 

1. See grandiose. 

33

Penitent

1 feeling or expressing sorrow for sin or wrongdoing and disposed to atonement and amendment; repentant; contrite.

Truly sorry for having sinned or done wrong and willingly to atone; contrite

 

remorseful, rueful, sorrowful.

—1.  unrepentant, impenitent.

34

Pied

1 having patches of two or more colors, as various birds and other animals: a pied horse.

35

Posture

1 the relative disposition of the parts of something.

2.
the position of the limbs or the carriage of the body as a whole: poor posture; a sitting posture.
3.
an affected or unnatural attitude: He struck a comic posture.

36

Proliferate

1 to grow or produce by multiplication of parts, as in budding or cell division, or by procreation.

2.
to increase in number or spread rapidly and often excessively.

37

Quaff

1 to drink a beverage, especially an intoxicating one, copiously and with hearty enjoyment.

2. to drink (a beverage) copiously and heartily: We spent the whole evening quaffing ale.

 

1.  swallow, gulp, swig, guzzle. 

38

Recompense

1 to repay; remunerate; reward, as for service, aid, etc.

2.
to pay or give compensation for; make restitution or requital for (damage, injury, or the like).

4. compensation, as for an injury, wrong, etc.: to make recompense for the loss one's carelessness has caused.

1.  reimburse, recoup. 4.  payment, amends, indemnification, satisfaction. 4–6. See reward.

39

Reprobate

1 a depraved, unprincipled, or wicked person: a drunken reprobate.

2.
a person rejected by god and beyond hope of salvation

5 to disapprove, condemn, or censure.

 

1.  tramp, scoundrel, wastrel, miscreant, wretch, rascal, cad, rogue. 2.  outcast, pariah. 3.  wicked, sinful, evil, corrupt. 5.  reprehend, blame, rebuke, reprove. 

40

Sanction

1 authoritative permission or approval, as for an action.

2.
something that serves to support an action, condition, etc.
3.
something that gives binding force, as to an oath, rule of conduct, etc.

 

6.  permit.

—1.  disapproval. 6.  disapprove.
 

41

Sheath

1 a case or covering for the blade of a sword, dagger, or the like.

2.
any similar close-fitting covering or case.

-kaput, kın

 

42

Spear

1 a long, stabbing weapon for thrusting or throwing, consisting of a wooden shaft to which a sharp-pointed head, as of iron or steel, is attached.

6. to pierce with or as with a spear.

43

Stymie

1 a situation or problem presenting such difficulties as to discourage or defeat any attempt to deal with or resolve it.

3. to hinder, block, or thwart.

 

3.  stump, mystify, frustrate, confound. 

44

Talon

1 a claw, especially of a bird of prey.

2.
the shoulder on the bolt of a lock against which the key presses in sliding the bolt.

-pençe, kilit anahtar yatağı

45

Toy

1 to amuse oneself; play.

13.
to act idly; or with indifference; trifle: to toy with one's food.
14.
to dally amorously; flirt.

-trifle: önemsememek

46

Unscathed

1 not scathed; unharmed; uninjured: She survived the accident unscathed.

 

unhurt, unscratched, untouched, safe, whole. 

47

Virago

1 a loud-voiced, ill-tempered, scolding woman; shrew.

-eli maşalı kadın

 

1.  scold, nag, termagant, harpy, Xanthippe. 

48

Wont

1 accustomed; used (usually followed by an infinitive): He was wont to rise at dawn.

2.
custom; habit; practice: It was her wont to walk three miles before breakfast.

 

1.  habituated, wonted. 2.  use.

—1.  unaccustomed. 

49

1. the act of departing from the right, normal, or usual course.

2.
the act of deviating from the ordinary, usual, or normal type.
3.
deviation from truth or moral rectitude.

 

1.  wandering; deviation, divergence. 4.  abnormality, eccentricity, illusion, delusion, hallucination. 

Aberration

50

1. to cause pain, uneasiness, or trouble to.

2.
to be unwell; feel pain; be ill: He's been ailing for some time.

 

1.  bother, annoy, distress. 

Ail

51

1. fitting; at the right time; to the purpose; opportunely.

2. opportune; pertinent: apropos remarks.

Aprobos

52

1. the art or practice of an augur;  divination.

2.
the rite or ceremony of an augur.
3.
an omen, token, or indication.

-müneccimlik

Augury

53

1 indecent; lewd; obscene: another of his bawdy stories.

 

-belden aşağı, açık saçık

 

1.  lascivious, salacious, prurient, earthy, risqué, ribald, coarse, licentious, raunchy. 

Bawdy

54

1 joyous, merry, or gay in disposition; glad; cheerful: Everyone loved her for her blithe spirit.

2.
without thought or regard; carefree; heedless: a blithe indifference to anyone's feelings.

-neşeli şen, tasasız

 

1.  happy, mirthful, sprightly, light-hearted, buoyant, joyful, blithesome.

—1.  joyless. 

Blithe

55

1 to obtain by imposing on another's generosity or friendship.

2.
to borrow without intent to repay.
3.
to beg or obtain by begging.
4 to ask, expect, or encourage another person to pay for or provide one's drinks, meals, etc.

-avuç açmak

Cadge

56

1 to make clean.

2.
to remove by or as if by cleaning: to cleanse sin from the soul.

Cleanse

57

1 to include or contain: The Soviet Union comprised several socialist republics.

2.
to consist of; be composed of: The advisory board comprises six members.
3.
to form or constitute: Seminars and lectures comprised the day's activities.

Comprise

58

1 the act of conveying; transmission; communication.

2.
a means of transporting, especially a vehicle, as a bus, airplane, or automobile.

Conveyance

59

1 like or characteristic of a cynic;  distrusting or disparaging the motives of others.

2.
showing contempt for accepted standards of honesty or morality by one's actions, especially by actions that exploit the scruples of others.
3.
bitterly or sneeringly distrustful, contemptuous, or pessimistic.

-insani iyiliğe inanmayan, alaycı, küçümseyen

pessimistic, sarcastic, satirical 

-optimistic

Cynical

60

1 to make morally bad or evil; vitiate; corrupt., to lead into bad habits, make morally bad, corrupt, pervert

Deprave

61

1 to perceive by the sight or some other sense or by the intellect; see, recognize, or apprehend: They discerned a sail on the horizon.

2.
to distinguish mentally; recognize as distinct or different; discriminate: He is incapable of discerning right from wrong

3. to distinguish or discriminate.

-farketmek, ayırdetmek

1.  discover, descry, espy. See notice. 2, 3.  differentiate, judge. 

Discern

62

1 ta person who tries to apply some doctrine  or theory without sufficient regard for practical considerations; an impractical theorist.

2 dogmatic about others' acceptance of one's ideas; fanatical: a doctrinaire preacher.
3.
merely theoretical; impractical.

 

authoritarian, uncompromising, inflexible, unyielding.

—2.  reasonable, flexible. 

Doctrinaire

63

1 worked out with great care and nicety of detail; executed with great minuteness: elaborate preparations; elaborate care.

2.
marked by intricate and often excessive detail; complicated.

 

1.  perfected, painstaking. 2.  ornate. Elaborate, labored, studied

-simple

Elaborate

64

1 a puzzling or inexplicable occurrence or situation: His disappearance is an enigma that has given rise to much speculation.

2.
a person of puzzling or contradictory character

 

1.  problem. 

Enigma

65

1 understood by or meant for only the select few who have special knowledge or interest; recondite: poetry full of esoteric allusions.

2.
belonging to the select few.
3.
private; secret; confidential.

 

1.  abstruse, arcane, cryptic, enigmatic. 

Esoteric

66

1 to reason earnestly with someone against something that person intends to do or has done; remonstrate: His father expostulated with him about the evils of gambling.

 

dispute, argue, protest; exhort, counsel. 

Expostulate

67

1 A person guilty of a major crime; criminal

Felon

68

1 the coat of wool that covers a sheep or a similar animal.

2. to deprive of money or belongings by fraud, hoax, or the like; swindle: He fleeced the stranger of several dollars.

Fleece

69

1 having a pleasant scent or aroma; sweet-smelling; sweet-scented: a fragrant rose.

2.
delightful; pleasant: fragrant memories.

 

 perfumed, odorous, redolent, aromatic.

—1.  malodorous, noisome. 

Fragrant

70

1 a stick with a pointed or electrically charged end, for driving cattle, oxen, etc.; prod.

2.
anything that pricks or wounds like such a stick.
3.
something that encourages, urges, or drives; a stimulus.

Goad

71

1 disdainfully proud; snobbish; scornfully arrogant; supercilious: haughty aristocrats; a haughty salesclerk.

 

lordly, disdainful, contemptuous. See proud.

—1.  humble, unpretentious, unassuming. 

Haughty

72

1 the religious worship of idols.

2.
excessive or blind adoration, reverence, devotion, etc.

 

2.  obsession, madness, mania. 

Idolatry

73

1 not plausible;  not having the appearance of truth or credibility: an implausible alibi.

-doğru gibi durmayan

unlikely, improbable, unbelievable. 

Implausible

74

1 without skill or aptitude for a particular task or assignment; maladroit: He is inept at mechanical tasks. She is inept at dealing with people.

2.
generally awkward or clumsy; haplessly incompetent.
3.
inappropriate; unsuitable; out of place.

 

1.  unskillful, bungling. 4.  stupid, pointless, inane.

—1.  suited. 

Inept

75

1 not easily controlled or directed; not docile or manageable; stubborn; obstinate: an intractable disposition.

2.
(of things) hard to shape or work with: an intractable metal.
3.
hard to treat, relieve, or cure: the intractable pain in his leg.

4. hard to manage, unruly, stubborn

 

1.  perverse, headstrong, dogged, obdurate, stony, willful, froward. 1, 2.  fractious, refractory, unbending, inflexible, adamant, unyielding. See unruly.

—1.  amiable. 1, 2.  amenable, flexible. 

Intractable

76

1 of, pertaining to, or resembling a labyrinth.

2.
complicated; tortuous: the labyrinthine byways of modern literature.

Intractable

77

1 having luster;  shining; luminous: lustrous eyes.

2.
brilliant; splendid; resplendent; illustrious: a lustrous career.

 

1.  gleaming, radiant, glowing, shimmering. 2.  refulgent, dazzling, gorgeous. 

Lustrous

78

1 a hater of humankind.

Misanthrope

79

1 to render utterly perplexed; puzzle completely.

Nonplussed

80

1 characterized by or given to pretentious or conspicuous show in an attempt to impress others: an ostentatious dresser.

2.
(of actions, manner, qualities exhibited, etc.) intended to attract notice: Lady Bountiful's ostentatious charity.

 

1. See grandiose. 

Ostentatious

81

1 feeling or expressing sorrow for sin or wrongdoing and disposed to atonement and amendment; repentant; contrite.

Truly sorry for having sinned or done wrong and willingly to atone; contrite

 

remorseful, rueful, sorrowful.

—1.  unrepentant, impenitent.

Penitent

82

1 having patches of two or more colors, as various birds and other animals: a pied horse.

Pied

83

1 the relative disposition of the parts of something.

2.
the position of the limbs or the carriage of the body as a whole: poor posture; a sitting posture.
3.
an affected or unnatural attitude: He struck a comic posture.

Posture

84

1 to grow or produce by multiplication of parts, as in budding or cell division, or by procreation.

2.
to increase in number or spread rapidly and often excessively.

Proliferate

85

1 to drink a beverage, especially an intoxicating one, copiously and with hearty enjoyment.

2. to drink (a beverage) copiously and heartily: We spent the whole evening quaffing ale.

 

1.  swallow, gulp, swig, guzzle. 

Quaff

86

1 to repay; remunerate; reward, as for service, aid, etc.

2.
to pay or give compensation for; make restitution or requital for (damage, injury, or the like).

4. compensation, as for an injury, wrong, etc.: to make recompense for the loss one's carelessness has caused.

1.  reimburse, recoup. 4.  payment, amends, indemnification, satisfaction. 4–6. See reward.

Recompense

87

1 a depraved, unprincipled, or wicked person: a drunken reprobate.

2.
a person rejected by god and beyond hope of salvation

5 to disapprove, condemn, or censure.

 

1.  tramp, scoundrel, wastrel, miscreant, wretch, rascal, cad, rogue. 2.  outcast, pariah. 3.  wicked, sinful, evil, corrupt. 5.  reprehend, blame, rebuke, reprove. 

Reprobate

88

1 authoritative permission or approval, as for an action.

2.
something that serves to support an action, condition, etc.
3.
something that gives binding force, as to an oath, rule of conduct, etc.

 

6.  permit.

—1.  disapproval. 6.  disapprove.
 

Sanction

89

1 a case or covering for the blade of a sword, dagger, or the like.

2.
any similar close-fitting covering or case.

-kaput, kın

 

Sheath

90

1 a long, stabbing weapon for thrusting or throwing, consisting of a wooden shaft to which a sharp-pointed head, as of iron or steel, is attached.

6. to pierce with or as with a spear.

Spear

91

1 a situation or problem presenting such difficulties as to discourage or defeat any attempt to deal with or resolve it.

3. to hinder, block, or thwart.

 

3.  stump, mystify, frustrate, confound. 

Stymie

92

1 a claw, especially of a bird of prey.

2.
the shoulder on the bolt of a lock against which the key presses in sliding the bolt.

-pençe, kilit anahtar yatağı

Talon

93

1 to amuse oneself; play.

13.
to act idly; or with indifference; trifle: to toy with one's food.
14.
to dally amorously; flirt.

-trifle: önemsememek

Toy

94

1 not scathed; unharmed; uninjured: She survived the accident unscathed.

 

unhurt, unscratched, untouched, safe, whole. 

Unscathed

95

1 a loud-voiced, ill-tempered, scolding woman; shrew.

-eli maşalı kadın

 

1.  scold, nag, termagant, harpy, Xanthippe. 

Virago

96

1 accustomed; used (usually followed by an infinitive): He was wont to rise at dawn.

2.
custom; habit; practice: It was her wont to walk three miles before breakfast.

 

1.  habituated, wonted. 2.  use.

—1.  unaccustomed. 

Wont