deck4200 Flashcards Preview

ielts > deck4200 > Flashcards

Flashcards in deck4200 Deck (200):
1

solder

n. A fusible alloy used for joining metallic surfaces or margins.

2

characteristic

n. A distinctive feature.

3

ordeal

n. Anything that severely tests courage, strength, patience, conscience, etc.

4

exodus

n. A going forth or departure from a place or country, especially of many people.

5

stimulant

n. Anything that rouses to activity or to quickened action.

6

cosmography

n. The science that describes the universe, including astronomy, geography, and geology.

7

reorganize

v. To change to a more satisfactory form of organization.

8

antecede

v. To precede.

9

onset

n. An assault, especially of troops, upon an enemy or fortification.

10

hydrometer

n. An instrument for determining the density of solids and liquids by flotation.

11

riddance

n. The act or ridding or delivering from something undesirable.

12

dissuade

v. To change the purpose or alter the plans of by persuasion, counsel, or pleading.

13

intelligence

n. Capacity to know or understand.

14

grapple

v. To take hold of.

15

seethe

v. To be violently excited or agitated.

16

globular

adj. Spherical.

17

metric

adj. Relating to measurement.

18

guzzle

v. To swallow greedily or hastily; gulp.

19

carouse

v. To drink deeply and in boisterous or jovial manner.

20

mallet

n. A wooden hammer.

21

hydroelectric

adj. Pertaining to electricity developed water or steam.

22

providential

adj. Effected by divine guidance.

23

contingent

adj. Not predictable.

24

ruffian

adj. A lawless or recklessly brutal fellow.

25

inexperience

n. Lack of or deficiency in experience.

26

supplant

v. To take the place of.

27

embellish

v. To make beautiful or elegant by adding attractive or ornamental features.

28

abject

adj. Sunk to a low condition.

29

impunity

n. Freedom from punishment.

30

turgid

adj. Swollen.

31

derivative

adj. Coming or acquired from some origin.

32

mead

n. A meadow.

33

jocular

adj. Inclined to joke.

34

vegetate

v. To live in a monotonous, passive way without exercise of the mental faculties.

35

abjure

v. To recant, renounce, repudiate under oath.

36

sterling

adj. Genuine.

37

pristine

adj. Primitive.

38

correlate

v. To put in some relation of connection or correspondence.

39

component

n. A constituent element or part.

40

immortalize

v. To cause to last or to be known or remembered throughout a great or indefinite length of time.

41

virulence

n. Extreme poisonousness.

42

perspiration

n. Sweat.

43

indolent

adj. Habitually inactive or idle.

44

phenomenal

adj. Extraordinary or marvelous.

45

buffoon

n. A clown.

46

crag

n. A rugged, rocky projection on a cliff or ledge.

47

pedal

n. A lever for the foot usually applied only to musical instruments, cycles, and other machines.

48

oscillate

v. To swing back and forth.

49

commingle

v. To blend.

50

violoncello

n. A stringed instrument held between the player’s knees.

51

converge

v. To cause to incline and approach nearer together.

52

floral

adj. Pertaining to flowers.

53

forethought

n. Premeditation.

54

solace

n. Comfort in grief, trouble, or calamity.

55

velvety

adj. Marked by lightness and softness.

56

oblivion

n. The state of having passed out of the memory or of being utterly forgotten.

57

soluble

adj. Capable of being dissolved, as in a fluid.

58

declamation

n. A speech recited or intended for recitation from memory in public.

59

molt

v. To cast off, as hair, feathers, etc.

60

soprano

n. A woman’s or boy’s voice of high range.

61

grenadier

n. A member of a regiment composed of men of great stature.

62

appall

v. To fill with dismay or horror.

63

rein

n. A step attached to the bit for controlling a horse or other draft-animal.

64

rebuild

v. To build again or anew.

65

inherent

adj. Intrinsic.

66

antic

n. A grotesque, ludicrous, or fantastic action.

67

sanguine

adj. Having the color of blood.

68

nugatory

adj. Having no power or force.

69

triad

n. A group of three persons of things.

70

herbarium

n. A collection of dried plants scientifically arranged for study.

71

weal

n. Well-being.

72

therefor

adv. For that or this.

73

paternity

n. Fatherhood.

74

descendent

adj. Proceeding downward.

75

tangible

adj. Perceptible by touch.

76

voluptuous

adj. having fullness of beautiful form, as a woman, with or without sensuous or sensual quality.

77

intestate

adj. Not having made a valid will.

78

orate

v. To deliver an elaborate or formal public speech.

79

tableau

n. An arrangement of inanimate figures representing a scene from real life.

80

benison

n. Blessing.

81

ornate

adj. Ornamented to a marked degree.

82

guise

n. The external appearance as produced by garb or costume.

83

precaution

n. A provision made in advance for some possible emergency or danger.

84

germinate

v. To begin to develop into an embryo or higher form.

85

prosody

n. The science of poetical forms.

86

lowly

adv. Rudely.

87

brae

n. Hillside.

88

pungent

adj. Affecting the sense of smell.

89

prohibitory

adj. Involving or equivalent to prohibition, especially of the sale of alcoholic beverages.

90

scribble

n. Hasty, careless writing.

91

protagonist

n. A leader in any enterprise or contest.

92

devout

adj. Religious.

93

sediment

n. Matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid.

94

aggregate

n. The entire number, sum, mass, or quantity of something.

95

acknowledge

v. To recognize; to admit the genuineness or validity of.

96

semicivilized

adj. Half-civilized.

97

opposite

adj. Radically different or contrary in action or movement.

98

fissure

n. A crack or crack-like depression.

99

servitude

n. Slavery.

100

observance

n. A traditional form or customary act.

101

epitome

n. A simplified representation.

102

messieurs

n. pl. Gentlemen.

103

invasion

n. Encroachment, as by an act of intrusion or trespass.

104

territorial

adj. Pertaining to the domain over which a sovereign state exercises jurisdiction.

105

consulate

n. The place in which a consul transacts official business.

106

auricular

adj. Of or pertaining to the ear, its auricle, or the sense of hearing.

107

underrate

v. To undervalue.

108

pugnacious

adj. Quarrelsome.

109

beset

v. To attack on all sides.

110

liege

adj. Sovereign.

111

armada

n. A fleet of war-vessels.

112

abscission

n. The act of cutting off, as in a surgical operation.

113

impolitic

adj. Inexpedient.

114

ache

v. To be in pain or distress.

115

curable

adj. Capable of being remedied or corrected.

116

overproduction

n. Excessive production.

117

complex

adj. Complicated.

118

analyst

n. One who analyzes or makes use of the analytical method.

119

cession

n. Surrender, as of possessions or rights.

120

decorous

adj. Suitable for the occasion or circumstances.

121

keepsake

n. Anything kept or given to be kept for the sake of the giver.

122

persecution

n. Harsh or malignant oppression.

123

premise

n. A judgment as a conclusion.

124

pauperism

n. Dependence on charity.

125

dexterity

n. Readiness, precision, efficiency, and ease in any physical activity or in any mechanical work.

126

gaiety

n. Festivity.

127

monologue

n. A story or drama told or performed by one person.

128

dwindle

v. To diminish or become less.

129

vegetarian

n. One who believes in the theory that man’s food should be exclusively vegetable.

130

hosiery

n. A stocking.

131

folio

n. A sheet of paper folded once, or of a size adapted to folding once.

132

onus

n. A burden or responsibility.

133

brittle

adj. Fragile.

134

preempt

v. To secure the right of preference in the purchase of public land.

135

psychotherapy

n. The treatment of mental disease.

136

tinge

n. A faint trace of color.

137

eatable

adj. Edible.

138

languid

adj. Relaxed.

139

impulsion

n. Impetus.

140

plural

adj. Containing or consisting of more than one.

141

impliable

adj. Capable of being inferred.

142

incidence

n. Casual occurrence.

143

euphemism

n. A figure of speech by which a phrase less offensive is substituted.

144

prototype

n. A work, original in character, afterward imitated in form or spirit.

145

absurd

adj. Inconsistent with reason or common sense.

146

bevel

n. Any inclination of two surfaces other than 90 degrees.

147

inviolable

adj. Incapable of being injured or disturbed.

148

inmost

adj. Deepest within.

149

devise

v. To invent.

150

vivify

v. To endue with life.

151

decorate

v. To embellish.

152

bedeck

v. To cover with ornament.

153

perverse

adj. Unreasonable.

154

influence

n. Ability to sway the will of another.

155

indiscreet

adj. Lacking wise judgment.

156

trivial

adj. Of little importance or value.

157

alcoholism

n. A condition resulting from the inordinate or persistent use of alcoholic beverages.

158

obnoxious

adj. Detestable.

159

confidence

n. The state or feeling of trust in or reliance upon another.

160

demeanor

n. Deportment.

161

free

trade n. Commerce unrestricted by tariff or customs.

162

intercept

v. To interrupt the course of.

163

inland

adj. Remote from the sea.

164

artifice

n. Trickery.

165

syndicate

n. An association of individuals united for the prosecution of some enterprise.

166

sorcery

n. Witchcraft.

167

countercharge

v. To accuse in return.

168

admonish

v. To warn of a fault.

169

inhuman

adj. Savage.

170

dissect

v. To cut apart or to pieces.

171

expedite

v. To hasten the movement or progress of.

172

warlike

adj. Belligerent.

173

brokerage

n. The business of making sales and purchases for a commission; a broker.

174

counterfeit

adj. Made to resemble something else.

175

bombardier

n. A person who has charge of mortars, bombs, and shells.

176

personnel

n. The force of persons collectively employed in some service.

177

perpetuate

v. To preserve from extinction or oblivion.

178

fulminate

v. To cause to explode.

179

beneficent

adj. Characterized by charity and kindness.

180

audition

n. The act or sensation of hearing.

181

low-spirited

adj. Despondent.

182

outlive

v. To continue to exist after.

183

professor

n. A public teacher of the highest grade in a university or college.

184

sergeant

n. A non-commissioned military officer ranking next above a corporal.

185

brigade

n. A body of troops consisting of two or more regiments.

186

fastidious

adj. Hard to please.

187

sufficiency

n. An ample or adequate supply.

188

brigadier

n. General officer who commands a brigade, ranking between a colonel and a major-general.

189

default

n. The neglect or omission of a legal requirement.

190

righteousness

n. Rectitude.

191

sonorous

adj. Resonant.

192

complement

v. To make complete.

193

constituent

n. One who has the right to vote at an election.

194

egoist

n. One who advocates or practices egoism.

195

homophone

n. A word agreeing in sound with but different in meaning from another.

196

hygiene

n. The branch of medical science that relates to improving health.

197

interlocutor

n. One who takes part in a conversation or oral discussion.

198

entree

n. The act of entering.

199

ennoble

v. To dignify.

200

gnash

v. To grind or strike the teeth together, as from rage.