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Flashcards in Deliver Complications Deck (11):
1

cephalopelvic disproportion

occurs when the infant’s head is too big to pass through the maternal pelvis easily / may be caused by oversized fetus, large fetuses associated with diabetes, multiparity, postmaturity, hydrocephalus, conjoined twins, fetal tumors

2

hydrocephalus

a condition in which fluid accumulates in the brain, enlarging the head and sometimes causing brain damage

3

precipitous delivery

a delivery that occurs after less than 3 hours of labor / occurs most frequently in grand multipara and is associated with a higher-than-normal incidence of fetal trauma, tearing of the umbilical cord, maternal lacerations

4

shoulder dystocia

occurs when the infant's shoulders are larger than its head / most frequently with diabetic and obese mothers

5

meconium staining

occurs when the fetus passes feces into the amniotic fluid, it is always indicative of a fetal hypoxic incident / hypoxia causes an increae in fetal peristalsis along with relaxation of the anal sphincter

6

McRobert’s position

pelvis tilts, orienting symphysis more horizontally to facilitate shoulder delivery; the maneuver is used in should dystocia delivery

7

postpartum hemorrhage

loss of more than 500 cc of blood immediately following delivery / most common cause is uterine atony; other causes include, placenta previa, abruptio placentae, retained placental parts, clotting disorders, vaginal or cervical tears

8

uterine atony

lack of uterine muscle tone

9

uterine rupture

tearing, or rupture of the uterus

10

uterine inversion

occurs when the uterus turns inside out after delivery and extends through the cervix / average blood loss ranges from 800 to 1,800 cc

11

toxic shock syndrome (TSS)

a form of septic shock