Dental Abscesses & Salivary Gland Infections Flashcards Preview

Microbiology 2 > Dental Abscesses & Salivary Gland Infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dental Abscesses & Salivary Gland Infections Deck (36):
1

what is the MOA for dentoalveolar abscess

carious lesion/trauma
bac spread via dentinal tubules
anachoresis
acute inflam and chronic

2

what is the ass dentoalveolar abscess acute inflmamation

pulpitis
necrosis of the pulp

3

what is the assc dentoalveolar abscess chronic inflammation

abscess
pulp remains viable

4

how does dentoalveolar abscesses spread

local

soft tissue
- direct
- indirect

5

what are the symptoms of an abscess

pain
swelling
erythema
suppuration

6

what are the key factors considered when thinking of an abscess

number of virulent bacteria
local and systemic immunity
anatomical damage

7

what are the accultataive anaerobes assc with DA abscess

s anginosus
s oralid

8

what are the struct anaerobes assc with DA abscess

prevotella
fusobacterum

9

what si the treatment for a DA abscess

needle aspiration
train pus
amoxicillin
metronidazole

10

what is a periodontal ascess

infection periodontiuum
acute or chronic

11

what is the causes of a PD abscess

occlusion of an opening into the mouth
impaction

12

what are the symptoms of a PD abscess

sudden
swelling
erythema
suppuration
ain
tissue/bone destruction

13

what si the assc microbiology with a PD abscess

GNABS
streptococci
treponema
f nuc
propionibacterium

14

how is a PD abscess treated

scale
irrigate
penicillin
metronidazole

15

what is the assc bac with a root infection

Fusobac (-VE)
Enterococcus Faecalis
Lactobacilli
Candida albicans

16

what re the ket features of enterococcus faelcalis

adhere to collagen
persist
biofilm for
resist CaOH

17

what is a dry socket

localised osetomyleits
post extraction fails to heal

18

what is the prphylais used for a dry socket

irrigate with CHX before and after extraction

19

how si a dry socket treated

metronidazole and antiseptic dressing

20

what is the assc bac on an osseointegrated abscess

a aureus
s epidermis
fusobac

21

what is ludwig angina

post extraction
bilateral infection of summand/lingual spaces

22

what re the symptoms of ludwig angina

base of mouth
brawny oedema
airway obstruction

23

what is the microbiology assc with ldwigs angina

staph
fusobacterium
prevotella
enterococci

24

how are the airways insured to stay open in ludwig

surgical intervention
drainage
parenteral hydration

25

how is ludwig angina treated

IV penicillin
cephtiaxone
mertonidazoel

26

what is osteomyelitis of the jaw

inflammation of medullary cavity of the anidble

27

what are the types of omsteomyleitits of the jar

acute = pain mild fever, loose teeth, pus

chronic - tender, nindruated skin

28

what is the assc bac with osteo of jaw

endogenous
tannerlla
M tb

29

how does post radiation therapy affect osteo of jaw

necrosis of blood supply
reached saliva flow
exogenous bac

30

what are the predisposing factors for acute bac parotitis

drugs
abnormalities
sialectastasis

31

wat si th prensnetaiotn fo ABP

swelling glands parotid
pain
purulent secretions
fever

32

what is the assc bac for ABP

s aureus
streps
hamoplihus

33

who is ABP treated

co amoxiclav
flucloxacillin
salavation

34

what is chronic bacterial parotitis

recurrent infection
sjorgens
fibrosis of glands

35

what is parotitis of childhood

before puberty
repeated acute episodes
- duct abnormalities
- mumps
- trauma

36

what is submandibular sialadentitis

rare
calculi
strictures