Dental Terminology - Oral Diseases/Conditions Flashcards Preview

Surgery & Anaesthesia - NSULA Vet Tech Program Spring 2016 > Dental Terminology - Oral Diseases/Conditions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dental Terminology - Oral Diseases/Conditions Deck (40):
1

abrasion

the wearing of teeth due to abnormal contact with structures other then teeth

2

acquired pellicle

the thin film composed mostly of protien that forms on the surface of teeth. It forms with or without bacteria and can be removed by abrasive action.

3

adontia

the absence of teeth

4

anterior crossbite

an orthodontic condition in which canine, premolar and molar occlusion is normal but one of moe mandibular incisors are anterior to the maxillary incisors

5

attrition

the wearing awy of teeth by tooth against tooth contact during mastication

6

avulsion

the seperation of the tooth from its alveolus

7

brachygnathia

th lower jaw is markedly lower then the upper jaw

8

calculus

hard mineralized plaque on the tooth surface

9

caries

a demineralization and loss of tooth structure due to the action of microorganiss on carbohydrates`

10

edentulus

without teeth

11

embedded tooth

a tooth that has not emptied into the oral cavity and is not likely to erupt

12

erosion

loss of tooth structure by chemical means not involving bacteria

13

facet

a flattened or worn spot on the surface of the tooth

14

freeway space

the space between the opposing mandibular and maxillary premolar cusps when the mouth is closed

15

fused teeth

the joining of two teeth in development where they have developed from different tooth buds.

16

gemini tooth

the partial division of a tooth bud attempting to form two teeth

17

gingival hyperplasia

a pathological increase in the amoun of normal gingival tissue in a normal arrangement

18

horizontal bone loss

loss of crestal alveolar bone along an arch secondary to periodontal disease

19

impacted tooth

an unerupted or partially erupted tooth that is prevented fro erupting further by any structure

20

level bite

occlusion where the upper and lower incisors meet incisal edge to incisal edge

21

luxation

the displacement or partial displacement of a tooth from its alveolus

22

odontalgia

pain in a tooth

23

oligodontia

reduced number of teeth

24

open bite

the failure of the upper and lower incisors to contact each other when the mouth is closed

25

oronasal fistula

an abnormal opening when the oral and nasal cavity

26

overbite

layman's term for the upper jaw overlapping the lower jaw

27

periapical abscess/apical abscess

an abscess at the apex of the root, involving the pulp and surrounding apical tissues

28

periodontal abscess

an abscess involving the periodontium

29

periodontal pocket

pathologic increase in the depth of the gingival sulcus with loss of epithelial and periodontal ligament attachments

30

plaque

a thin film covering the teeth composed of bacteria, saliva, food particles and sloughed epithelial cells

31

posterior cross bite

an abnormal occlusion where one or more mandibular premolars or molars occlude buccal to their occlusal partner

32

pulpitis

inflammation of the pulp

33

pyorrhea

a discharge of pus from the peridontium

34

resorption

the loss of substance by a physiologic or pathologic process

35

reverse scissor bite

occlusion where all the lower incisors occlude anterior to the upper incisors

36

root fenestration

a window like opening of bone and gingivia over the root

37

stomatitis

inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth

38

supernumeary teeth

teeth in excess of their normal number

39

vertical bone loss

bone loss at an acute angle to the oot surface, forming an infrabony pocket

40

wry bite

a maloccclusion in which the midline of the lower jaw does not oppose the midline of the upper jaw