Flashcards in Depression - Treatment Deck (40)
Cognitive treatments for depression are based upon the assumption that ________________ leave a person vulnerable to depression.
Irrational beliefs & negative thoughts:
Cognitive treatments for depression are based upon the assumption that Irrational beliefs & negative thoughts leave a person vulnerable to depression.
What does CBT stand for?
What is the most commonly used psychological treatment for depression?
What does CBT begin with?
It begins with an assessment in which the patient and the therapist work together to clarify the patient's problems, they jointly identify goals for therapy and put a plan together for them.
If you see a clinical psychologist for a mental health problem, which treatment are you most likely to receive?
What is one of the central tasks of CBT?
To identify any negative or irrational thoughts tha twill benefit from being challenged.
What does CBT work to do?
Working to change negative and irrational thoughts and finally put more effective behaviours into place.
CBT draws on two main treatments for depression, what are these?
Beck's cognitive therapy and Ellis' rational emotive behavioural therapy.
Beck's cognitive therapy is derived from which explanation for depression?
Beck's cognitive theory of depression.
Ellis' rational emotive behavioural therapy is derived from which explanation for depression?
Ellis' ABC model.
What is REBT?
(Ellis') Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy.
Who developed CBT and which theory of depression was it based upon?
CBT was developed by Beck and based upon his theory of depression.
CBT uses a number of different strategies, give examples of these strategies?
Behavioural activation, homework, thought catching and cognitive reconstructing.
What is behavioural activation focused on?
It focuses on the client becoming more active and engaged in pleasurable activities.
What is homework?
Homework involves the therapist setting the client small goals and tasks to achieve outside of their therapy session.
What is homework designed to do?
It is designed to help the patient test their irrational beliefs against reality.
Give an example of homework being set?
Hanging out with friends more this week.
The client will be asked to keep a diary of their achievements, why is this?
So that when the client is feeling low the therapist can show them all the progress they have made and this gives hope for future successes. It also enables the therapist to have an insight into their life outside their sessions.
What is cognitive reconstruction?
The part of the therapy that aims to reconstruct cognitive distortions and biases.
What is thought catching?
Writing down automatic negative thoughts to allow the therapist to challenge them and consider the client.
What is Ellis' therapy called?
Rational Emotional Behaviour Therapy, (REBT).
Ellis' therapy extends the ABC model to ABCDE, what does the D stand for?
Ellis' therapy extends the ABC model to ABCDE, what does the E stand for?
In Ellis' therapy the ABC model is extended to ABCDE, what does each letter stand for?
What is meant by dispute?
The therapist challenging the patient's irrational beliefs with more effective beliefs.
Give an example of logical dispute:
The therapist questions the logic behind the client's thoughts.
Which therapy can involve some vigorous argument whilst beliefs are being challenged?
REBT, this is because the beliefs are being disputed.
Give an example of empirical dispute:
The therapist looking for evidence to dispute these thoughts.
What is the use of the argument (dispute) used in REBT?
It is intended to break the link between negative life events and depression.