Flashcards in Depressive Disorders and bipolar disorders Deck (40):
What are the two criteria for major depressive disorder?
A. One or more major depressive episode
B. There has never been a manic or hypomanix episode
What are the 3 criteria for a major depressive disorder?
A. At least 5 symptoms (one must be 1 or 2)
B. Symptomise last at least 2 weeks.
C. Cause distress
What are the 9 possible symptoms of a major depressive episode ?
1 deperessed mood.
2. Loss of pleasure or interest in usual activities.
3. Disturbance of appetite
4. Sleep disturbance
5. Psychomotor retardation or agitation.
6. Loss of energy.
7. Feelings of worthlessness and guilt.
8. Difficulty in thinking
9. Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide.
What are possible makes signs of depression in children?
Acting out behaviours.
What are examples of masked signs of depression in youth?
Withdrawal or clinging to peers.
Risk taking behaviour.
What is the onset of major depressive disorder like?
What is the average length of a major depressive episode ?
Name five things that tend to mean that there is an increased chance of recurrence of a major depressive episode...
Early age of onset.
What is the typical female onset of major depressive disorder?
What is the typical male onset for major depressive disorder?
What are the four specifiers for major depressive disorder?
With seasonal pattern
With peripartum onset
What are the four criteria for persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia ) ?
A. Mild depressed mood lasting at least 2yrs.
B. Additional symptoms (at least 2)
C. There has never been a many or hypomanic episode.
D. The symptoms cause distress or impairment
What are the symptoms of persistent depressive disorder?
1. Poor appetite or overeating.
2. Sleep problems.
3. Low energy or fatigue.
4. Low self esteem.
5. Poor concentration or difficulty making decisions.
What are the possible biological causes depressive disorders?
Neurotransmitters: depletion or imbalance of norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine. Or problems with receptors.
Brain anormalities: reduces activity in the prefrontal cortex associated with lack of motivation, reduced activity in anterior Cingulate involved in emotional expression and social behaviour, increase activity in the amygdala which helps direct attention to stimuli with emotional significance.
What does the sociocultural perspective look at as a possible cause for a depressive disorder?
Stressful life events.
Poor social support.
What does the behavioural learning perspective look at as a possible cause for depressive disorders?
What is becks cognitive triad?
Negative cognition about
What does tricyclic antidepressants do?
Blocks reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin
What do monamine oxidase inhibitors do?
Prevent enzymes that destroy nt.
What is normally the first antidepressant prescribed?
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
What are 4 kinda of therapy of various kinds of depressive disorders that do not involve medication?
Cognitive behaviour therapy
What cognitive distortion does the following describe: looking at things in black and white
All or nothing thinking
What cognitive distortion does the following describe: negative events as a never ending pattern of defeat
What cognitive distortion does the following describe: dwell on the negative and ignore the positives
Insist that your accomplishments or positive qualities don’t count
Discounting the positive
What cognitive distortion does the following describe: conclude things are bad without any definite evidence
Jumping to conclusions
What cognitive distortion does the following describe: assuming that people are reacting negatively to yoh
What cognitive distortion does the following describe: predict that things will turn out badly
What cognitive distortion does the following describe: blow things way out of proportions or shrink their importance
Magnification or minimisation
What cognitive distortion does the following describe: reasoning from
How you feel.
What cognitive distortion does the following describe: You criticise yourself or other people with should. Shouldn’t. Musts . Oughts. And have tos.
What cognitive distortion does the following describe: instead of saying “I made a mistake” you tell yourself “I’m a loser” or you level others
What cognitive distortion does the following describe: you blame yourself for something you weren’t entirely responsible for.
What are the criteria for bipolar 1 disorder
One or more manic episode
What are the criteria for a manic episode?
A. At least 4 symptoms (one is #1)
B. Symptoms last at least 1 week.
C. Impairment in daily functioning.
Symptoms For manic episode
1. Elevated or irritable mood.
2. Inflated self esteem.
3. Decrease need for sleep.
5. Flight of ideas
7. Increase in goal directed activity or psychomotor agitation
8. Reckless behaviour.
Criteria for bipolar 2
A. One or more hypomanic episode
B. One or more major depressive episodes
C. The individual has never had a manic episode
What is a hypomanic episode
Same symptoms as a manic episode
Minimum 4 days
No psychotic features
Mild or no impairment.
What are the three different patterns of bipolar
Manic. Normal. Depresses. Normal.
Manic. Depresses. Normal. Manic.
Manic. Depressed. Manic. Depressed.