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Medical terminology > Derm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Derm Deck (67):
1

Ichthy/o

Cry, scaly

2

Myc/o

Fungus

3

Scler/o

Hardening; sclera

4

Xer/o

Dry

5

-phoresis

Carrying, transmission

6

-is

Part of speech

7

Trich/o
Pil/o

Hair

8

Cyt/o
Cyte

Cell

9

Auto

Self, own

10

Cutane/o
Dermat/o
Derm/o

Skin

11

Kerat/o

Horny tissue, hard, cornea

12

Onych/o

Nail

13

Seb/o

Sebum
Sebaceous

14

-plasty

Surgical repair

15

Aden/o

Gland

16

-penia

Decrease
Deficiency

17

Hidr/o
Sudor/o

Sweat

18

Squam/o

Scale

19

-osis

Abnormal condition,
Increase with blood cells

20

Comedos

Increased activity of sebaceous glands at puberty may block the hair follicle and form blackheads

Discolored, dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin

21

Pustules

Large number of bacteria produce infection

Whiteheads

22

Pil/o/cystic

Dermoid cyst cyst contains hair

23

Lunula

Crescent shaped at base of the nail

24

Xanth/o

Yellow

25

Sarc/o

Flesh

26

Kaposi sarcoma

Malignant skin tumor commonly associated with patients are diagnosed with AIDS

27

Dermatome

Instrument used incise or cut

28

BCC

Basal cell carcinoma

29

FH

Family history

30

FS

Frozen section

31

I&D

Incision and drainage;
Irrigation and debridement

32

ID

Intradermal

33

IM

Intra-muscular

34

IMP

Impression synonymous with diagnosis

35

PE

Physical examination

36

Subcu, sub-q

Subcutaneous injection

37

Ung

Ointment

38

XP, XDP

Xeroderma pigmentosum

39

Abrasion

Scraping or rubbing away of a surface, such as skin, by friction

40

Abscess

Localized collection of pus at the site of an infection

41

Furuncle

Abscess that originates in a hair follicle --- boil

42

Carbuncle

Cluster of furuncles in the subcutaneous tissue

43

Acne

Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous follicles of the skin marked by Comedos, papules and pustules

44

Cyst

Closed sac or pouch in or under the skin with a definite wall that contains fluid semi fluid or solid material

45

Sebaceous

A cyst filled sebum (fatty material) from a sebaceous gland

46

Eczema

Redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries

47

Contusion

Hemorrhage of any size under the skin in which the skin is not broken

48

Ecchymosis

Skin discoloration consisting of a large irregular formed hemorrhage area with colors changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow
Bruise

49

Petechia

Minute, pinpoint hemorrhagic spot of the skin

50

Hematoma

Elevated, localized collection of blood trapped under the skin that usually results from trauma

51

Hirsutism

Condition characteristized by excessive growth of hair or presence of hair in u usual places--- usually women

52

Impetigo

Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture

53

Psoriasis

Chronic skin disease --- itchy red patches covered with silvery scales

54

Scabies

Contagious skin disease transmitted by itch mite

55

Skin lesions

Areas of pathologically altered tissue caused by disease injury or wound due to external factors or internal disease

56

Primary lesions

Initial reaction to pathologically altered tissue that may be flat or elevated

57

Secondary lesion

Results from the changes that take place in the primary lesion due to infection, scratching, trauma, various stage of disease

58

Tinea

Fungal infection whose name commonly indicates the body part

Ringworm

59

Ulcer

Lesion of the skin mucus membranes marked by inflammation, necrosis, and sloughing of damaged tissues

60

Urticaria

Allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale-red elevated patches that are intensely itchy---- hives

61

Verruca

Rounded epidermal growths caused by a virus--- wart

62

Vitiligo

Localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches

Leukoderma

63

Skin test

Method for determining induced sensitivity (allergy) by applying or inoculating a suspected allergen.....

64

Cryosurgery

Sub freezing temp to destroy abnormal tissue cells

65

Debridement

Removal of foreign material or dead/ damaged tissue--- wound
Promote healing and prevent infection

66

Electrodessication

Process in which high-frequency electrical sparks are used to dehydrate and destroyed disease tissue

67

Skin resurfacing

Chemical peel
Cutaneous laser
Dermabrasion