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Flashcards in Derm Presentations Deck (82):
1

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sjs

2

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Pemphigus Foliaceus

3

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neurofibroma 1

4

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scabies

5

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Prurigo Nodularis

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Henoch-

Schonlein

Purpura

7

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tinea vesicolor

8

Cutaneous Small Vessel Vasculitis

●Inflammation of the small blood vessels

●Leakage of blood limited to the skin

●No systemic involvement

Petechia, palpable purpura

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sjs

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pyoderma gangrenosum

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herpes obviously

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Henoch-Schonlein Purpura

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hidd supp

14

Dermatitis Herpetiformis

Autimmune disorder of gluten hypersensitivity, a/w Celiac disease. Clustered vesicles and blisters on an erythemic base. Biopsy for igA deposits in granular pattern.

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BCC

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Prurigo Nodularis

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Stasis dermatitis

Skin inflammatory condition on the lower extremities due to chronic venous insufficiency. Edema, eczematous, hyperpigmentation. Commonly lower extremities (calf, knee). Calf pain worse with standing or walking, better when elevated. Risk factors: Venous surgery, hemodialysis, thrombosis, chf, dm

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Tinea Versicolor

superficial fungal infection, causes the yeast to interfere with the skin’s normal tanning causing small, slightly scaly macules and patches with variable color. happens in Hot, humid, tropical weather.

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Pemphigus Foliaceus

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Prurigo Nodularis

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shingles

22

Generalized Essential Telangiectasia

Spider veins, Small dilated blood vessels near the surface of the skin, When they are near the surface of the skin they appear as fine red or purplish lines that can form clusters on the skin

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23

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hidd sup

24

Friggin Sweets

abrupt onset of painful cutaneous lesions that are infiltrated with neutrophils, often accompanied by fever and leukocytosis. Typically presents as a sudden onset of painful well-demarcated papules or nodules sometimes covered with vesicles, pustules or bullae found most commonly in the upper extremities, neck and face

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cutaneous small vessel vasculitis

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scabies

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Prurigo Nodularis

rare, chronic skin disorder that is characterized by intensely pruritic, hyperkeratotic, excoriated papules. Features of the “neuropathic itch” are the presence of paraesthesia, hyperesthesia or hypoesthesia, as well as burning, tingling, heat and cold sensation. “picker’s nodules.” itch-scratch cycle firm, dome shaped, itchy, discrete, scaly, red or brown in color and have a crusty or warty surface. 3mm to 20mm symmetrically distributed on the extensor surface of the arms and legs

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basal cell carcinoma

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stasis dermatitis

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shingles

31

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sweeeeeets

32

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BCC

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Prurigo Nodularis

34

Keloids & Hypertrophis Scars (HS)

Hyperproliferative collagen growths at site of dermatological insult. Keloids proliferate beyond the borders of the dermal scar May take months or years to develop Does not regress over time. HS remain confined within the margins. Scar usually appears within four weeks of injury. May regress over time

35

Molluscum Contagiosum

Dermatologic disorder characterized by skin-colored, dome-shaped lesions on the skin. Lesions can be localized, chronic and can be debilitating 3rd most common viral skin infection in children. shiny, wax-like or pearl-like surface. crater-like central indentation. Direct skin-to-skin contact, Autoinoculation, fomites

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sjs

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Vitiligo

Common, young adult. dermatological disorder categorized by areas of skin depigmentation scattered throughout the body without skin irritation. Causes the destruction of melanocytes. Nonsegmental is bilateral, segmental is rapid onset on one side. >5mm

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pyoderma gangrenosum

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sjs

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Pemphigus Foliaceus

acquired autoimmune disorder, Presentation: diffuse, desquamating rash on scalp, face, and trunk, Lesions are tender on palpation, annular or arcuate erosions that crust and coalesce to form a diffuse rash, fragile and are easily ruptured, patient’s trunk, and tends to concentrate on the scalp, face, trunk, and chest

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friggin weird sweets

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Cystic Acne

chronic cutaneous disorder involving pilosebaceous follicles, microcomedone and progresses to open or closed comedones

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hsp

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BCC

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sjs

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Prurigo Nodularis

48

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cutaneous small vessel vaculitis

49

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Molluscum C.

50

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hid. supp.

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Telangiectasias

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neurofibroma 1

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pyoderma gangrenosum

54

Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Chronic inflammatory condition, Primary disease of the hair follicles. Recurrent inflamed, painful, deep seated acne type nodules. abscesses and chronic malodorous draining sinus tact formation. A/W smoking, obesity, IBD. axilla, inguinal area. Painful, drainage.

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stasis dermatitis

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neurofibroma 1

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Dermatitis Herpetiformis

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Genital herpes

is a sexually transmitted disease caused by two types of viruses, herpes simplex-1 and herpes simplex- 2

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shingles

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SJS

Rash morphology can range from disseminated atypical target lesions and bullous lesions to red coalescent macular exanthema and epidermal necrolysis Blistering, skin tenderness and epidermal necrolysis are the hallmark symptoms of SJS. Drug reaction, can also be from an infection. Begins with prodromal s/s. Skin falls off when you touch it --- Nikolskys sign.

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Angioedema

Self-limiting, localized swelling of the skin or mucosal tissues. Affects face, lips, throat, larynx, extremities, or bowel wall. extravasation of fluid into the interstitium due to a loss of vascular integrity. Can be allergic to food/meds, drug induced from ACE, Opiod, NSAID.

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schambergs purpura

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Pyoderma Gangrenosum

Rare, chronic, recurrent inflammatory skin disease. Characterized by ulcerations most often seen on the lower limbs and abdomen Trauma may be a trigger, like bug bites or needle sticks. Mimics DM ulcer or cellulitis. erythematous border with a necrotic base. Hx autoimmune disease - ibs, crohns, RA, on lower extremities, breasts, stoma sites

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Hidd supp.

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Pyoderma gangrenosum

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oh look its sweets

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Schamberg’s Purpura

purpura pigmentosa progressiva Distinctive rust colored macules that are purpuric, nontender, nonblanchable and nonpalpable, “cayenne pepper spots” Mild itching, Irritation to affected area, Sensitivity wax and wane cycles

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BCC

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MC

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Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP)

systemic vasculitis with multi-organ involvement. Chief complaints Purpura, Arthritis/arthralgia, Abdominal pain, Renal disease. Presence of purpura with abdominal pain. Age = 20 years old. Wall granulocytes of biopsy. Urinalysis at initial diagnosis and follow up to monitor renal complications, such as hematuria and proteinuria

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tinea vesicolor

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Telangiectasias

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Basal Cell Carcinoma

Most prevalent skin cancer worldwide. Death is rare. UV light major risk factor. If not treated on time can cause extensive damage to surrounding tissues and bone. A painless, non-healing, gradually evolving lesion that bleeds when traumatized. Mohs surgery

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bcc

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sjs

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Neurofibromatosis

A group of autosomal dominant genetic disorders that affects many body systems such as the brain, spinal cord, nerves and skin. In NF1, the top three presenting complaints are:

○multiple cafe au lait macules by age 2 years

○axillary or inguinal freckling between ages 3 and 5

○cutaneous neurofibromas

●In NF2, the most common presenting complaints are:

○Abrupt onset of unilateral hearing loss and tinnitus associated with

dizziness and imbalance.

○Vertigo

●Schwannomatosis:

○Pain

○muscle weakness

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cutaneous small vessel vasculitis

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cutaneous small vessel vaculitis

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Scabies

Highly contagious disease caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Acquired through prolonged skin-to-skin contact. itching that worsens at night

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Pemphigus Foliaceus

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Pemphigus Foliaceus