Dermatology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Dermatology Deck (15):
1

What is a macule?

A

2

What is a patch?

A >0.5cm area of colour change with no textural change eg hyper/hypopigmentation

(larger than a macule)

3

What is a papule?

An area of >0.5cm with raised textural change

4

What is a nodule?

A solid, non-blisterform elevated areas in or under the skin that is larger than 0.5cm

5

What is a vesicle?

A raised lesion

6

What is a bulla?

A raised lesion >0.5cm filled with serous fluid

7

What is a pustule?

A raised lesion filled with pus

8

What is weal?

A plaque or papule caused by the entry of fluid into the upper epidermis

9

What is a fissure?

A thin linear lesion that penetrates the full depth of the dermis

10

What is an erosion?

A lesion associated with partial loss of the epidermis

11

What is an ulcer?

An area of full thickness loss of the epidermis

12

What are the terms used to describe the surface of a skin lesion?

Dome shaped
Flat-topped
Pedunculated
Umbilicated
Verrucous
Eroded/ulcerated
Crusted
Scaly
Flaky

13

What are the terms used to describe the grouping of lesions?

Grouped
Linear
Serpiginous
Arcuate
Annular
Discoid
Follicular

14

What are the main terms used to describe the bodily distribution of skin lesions?

Symmetrical/asymmetrical
Extensor/Flexor
Acral/central

15

What are the main important questions to ask about patients presenting with skin problems?

What/where is the problem?
When and how did it start, and how has it changed?
Itch? Pain? Bleeding/oozing?
What treatments have they tried? What was their effect?
Sun exposure? (liver/worked abroad? Burn/tan?)
Genetic influences - Family members with asthma/hay fever? Eczema? Any family members with similar issue?