Describing a lesion Flashcards Preview

2nd year clinical > Describing a lesion > Flashcards

Flashcards in Describing a lesion Deck (26):
1

What are the 3 main areas to cover when describing a lesion?

DISTRIBUTION
(where is it)

CONFIGURATION
(how are the lesions arranged)

MORPHOLOGY
(what does it look like)

2

What areas would you cover when describing the distribution of a rash?

What part of the body is it on

Is it anterior or posterior

Is it unilateral or bilateral

Does it follow a dermatomal distribution

3

What areas would you cover when describing the configuration of a rash?

How are the lesions arranged

Is the rash widespread or localised

Are the lesions scattered

Is the rash confluent or diffuse

4

What areas would you cover when describing the morphology of a rash?

This refers to the ABCD approach - what the rash looks like

Asymmetrical/ symmetrical
Border
Colour
Diameter

5

Which terms are used to describe an extravasation of blood which won't blanche?

Purpura (may be flat or raised)

Petechia - 1-2mm of flat purpura

6

What term is used to describe a vascular dilation which will blanche?

Erythema

7

A raised lesion of >0.5 cm is what?

Nodule

8

A raised lesion of <0.5 cm is what?

Papule

9

A flat lesion >1 cm is what?

Patch

10

A flat lesion <1cm is what?

Macule

11

A lesion with a raised edge and flat surface is referred to with which term?

Plaque

12

What term is used to describe a compressible dermal swelling?

Wheal

13

What term would you use to refer to a nodule containing semi-solid material?

Cyst

14

What term would you use to describe a fluid filled lesion >0.5cm?

Bulla

15

What term would you use to describe a fluid filled lesion <0.5cm?

Vesicle

16

What term would you use to describe a lesion willed with pus?

Pustule

17

What term would you use to describe accumulated fragments of keratin layer?

Scale

18

What term would you use to describe dried exudate?

Crust

19

What term would you use to describe thickening and increased skin markings?

Lichenification

20

What term would you use to describe a linear split in the epidermis/ dermis?

Fissure

21

What term would you use to describe normal tissue which has been replaced by fibrous tissue?

Scar

22

What term would you use to describe a lesion which has its surface intact but has a loss of the epidermis/ dermis?

Atrophy

23

A lesion with a poorly defined border is more likely to be ...
Benign Vs malignant

Malignant

24

A lesion with a well defined border is more likely to be ... Benign Vs malignant

Benign

The border may be irregular or regular

25

What term would you use to describe a superficial breaking the epidermis?

Erosion

26

What term would you use to describe a deep break into the dermis?

Ulcer