Designing Orgs for Uncertain Environments (External Relationships) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Designing Orgs for Uncertain Environments (External Relationships) Deck (11):
1

Interorganizational relationship

Relatively enduring resource transactions, flows, and linkages that occur among two or more orgs

2

Organizational ecosystems

A system formed by the interaction of a community of orgs and their environment

3

Traits of competition/adversarial relationships

- suspicion
- detailed performance measure
- legal resolution of conflict
- short-term contracts

4

traits of cooperation/partnership relationships

- trust
- loose performance measures
- mechanisms for close coordination, people on site
- long-term contracts

5

Trustworthiness is a judgement based on:

- competence
- benevolence
- integrity

6

Types of interorgnizational relationships matrix

- High competitive focus/similar: Resource dependence
- Competitive focus/dissimilar: Population ecology
- Cooperative focus/similar: Collaborative network
- Cooperative focus/dissimilar: Insitutionalism

7

How can orgs manage resource dependence?

Control vs autonomy. They minimize dependence on other orgs for important resources and try to influence the environment to make more resources available. More resources = more control

8

Resource strategies

interdependent relationships:
- partnerships
- ownerships
- joint ventures
- interlocking directorates

9

Collaborative networks

- join together to share scarce resources
- cooperative interfirm linkages like safety net (share risks and costs, enhance profile

10

population ecology

Focuses on diversity and adaptation within a population of orgs.
variation -> selection -> retention.
Environment determines which survive and fail

11

Insitutionalism

- Orgs need legitimacy from their stakeholders
- survive through congruence between an org and expectations from its environ.
- adopt structures and processes to please outsides