Flashcards in Dessert Wines Deck (14):
What is the generic AOP for sweet wines in Graves?
Graves Supérieur AOP
What are the three sweet wines AOPs in Graves?
Cérons, Barsac, and Sauternes
Which grapes are permitted in Sauternes AOP?
Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc and Muscadelle
Which two rivers contribute humidity to Sauternes?
Ciron and Garonne rivers
How were the wines of Sauternes classified in 1855?
They were divided into second growths and first growths, with château achieving the rank of Premier Cru Supérieur: Château d’Yquem
What two years did Château d’Yquem not produce a sweet wine?
1992 and 1974
What are the five villages of Sauternes?
Sauternes, Barsac, Fargues, Preignac, and Bommes
What is Château Gilette known for?
This unclassified chateau in Barsac releases the remarkable “Crème de Tête” after a decades-long maturation in concrete vats
What is the Superior First Growth (Premier Cru Supérieur) from the 1855 Classification of Sauternes?
Château d'Yquem, Sauternes
What are the First Growths (Premiers Crus) from the 1855 Classification of Sauternes?
* Château La Tour Blanche, Bommes (Sauternes)
* Château Lafaurie-Peyraguey, Bommes (Sauternes)
* Château Clos Haut-Peyraguey, Bommes (Sauternes)
* Château de Rayne-Vigneau, Bommes (Sauternes)
* Château Suduiraut, Preignac (Sauternes)
* Château Coutet, Barsac
* Château Climens, Barsac
* Château Guiraud, Sauternes
* Château Rieussec, Fargues (Sauternes)
* Château Rabaud-Promis, Bommes (Sauternes)
* Château Sigalas-Rabaud, Bommes (Sauternes)
What are the Second Growths (Deuxièmes Crus) from the 1855 Classification of Sauternes?
* Château de Myrat, Barsac
* Château Doisy Daëne, Barsac
* Château Doisy-Dubroca, Barsac
* Château Doisy-Védrines, Barsac
* Château d'Arche, Sauternes
* Château Filhot, Sauternes
* Château Broustet, Barsac
* Château Nairac, Barsac
* Château Caillou, Barsac
* Château Suau, Barsac
* Château de Malle, Preignac (Sauternes)
* Château Romer, Fargues (Sauternes)
* Château Romer du Hayot, Fargues (Sauternes)
* Château Lamothe, Sauternes
* Château Lamothe-Guignard, Sauternes
In what year were Sauternes, Barsac, and Cérons established?
1936 (last updated in 2011)
How is Cérons different from Sauternes and Barsac?
• Minimum Potential Alcohol: 14.5% (12% acquired) (Sauternes/Barsac 15%)
• Harvest Method: Grapes may be affected by botrytis and/or passerillage, and must be hand-harvested in successive tries. (Sauternes/Barsac only botrytis)
• Élevage: Wines may not be released until April 30 of the year following the harvest (Sauternes/Barsac June 30)
• Minimum Planting Density:5,000 vines per hectare (Sauternes/Barsac 6,500)
• Maximum Yield (Rendement de Base): 40 hl/ha (Sauternes/Barsac 25 hl/ha)