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Health And Human Development > Determinants Of Health > Flashcards

Flashcards in Determinants Of Health Deck (56):
1

Biological determinants definition

Concerned with the body's cells, tissues, organs and systems and how they function

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Behavioural determinants definition

The actions or patterns of living of an individual or group that affect health

3

Physical Environment definition

The physical surrounding in which we live, work and play.

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Social environment definition

Aspects of society and the social environment that impact on health.

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Biological determinants

Genetics
Hormones
Body weight

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Behavioural determinants

Sun protection, food intake, physical activity, illicit substance use, tobacco smoking, alcohol abuse, sexual practices, skills I g developing friendships and seeking advice from health pros

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Physical environment

Tobacco smoking in the home, housing environment, work environment, access to recreational facilities

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Social environment

Family cohesion, socioeconomic status, media, community, civic participation, access to education

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Development

PIES

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Health

PMS

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Internal development

Behavioural and biological

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External determinants

Physical and social environment

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Genetics

Determine sex which influences the body structures that makes and females have

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Hormonal changes

Hormones are the chemical messengers that contribute to many of the changes that occur during youth

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Body weight

Maintaining a healthy body weight is beneficial for health. Body weight that does not fall within the healthy range can have a number of effects on youth health.

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Determinants of health

Factors that raise or lower the level of health in a population or individual.

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Sun protection

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in Australia because of the harsh climate.

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Risk factors of sun protection

Sunburn and the amount of uv radiation that a person is exposed to during childhood.

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Skin cancer: youths

Youths are at risk of skin cancer because they're less likely to engage in sun protection behaviours such as wearing sunscreen

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Macronutrients

Protein(20%)
Carbohydrates(55%)
Fats(25%)
Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated
Trans and saturated
Water

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Vitamins and mineral

Calcium, phosphorus, vitamin d, iron, sodium, vitamin a, vitamin b groups and folate

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Food selection models

Tools that help to select foods that will meet the nutritional needs

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Pie chart

Australian guidelines to healthy eating

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Pyramid

Healthy eating pyramid

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HEP is produced by:
Purpose:

Nutrition Australia
To educate people on the foods the should be eating to maintain a balanced diet

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AGTHE produced by:
Purpose:

The Australian government
Shows how much of each of the 5 food groups should be consumed

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Physical activity
Benefits to physical and mental health

Physical: stay at a healthy weight and assist bone strength.
Mental: relieve stress and anxiety and to feel good about yourself

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Sedentary

Undertaking no or very little levels of physical activity

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Why do youths experiment with drugs?

Trying to find their identity

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Factors that put young people at risk more than others

Maturity, money, risk factors and being rebellious

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Short term affects to regular drug use

Hospitalisation, accidents and conflict.

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Long term affects to regular drug use

Not getting a job, mental illnesses and organ damage

33

Tobacco smoking
Why is it less popular?

Less popular these days due to the increase in cost and the laws that prohibit smoking in public places

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Tobacco smoking
Effects in physical health

Cardiovascular disease, cancer and emphysema. Fitness levels also decrease

35

Alcohol abuse
Short term affects

Violence, vomiting, nausea, unsafe sex and unconsciousness

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Alcohol abuse long term affects

Weight gain, cancer and mental illness

37

Skills in developing and maintaining friendships
Why are meaningful relationships important?

Friends encourage, support, listen to one another. They make a person feel valued for who they are

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Resilience

An individual's ability to face and cope with stressful situations and recover from them

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Sexual practices
Importance

If young people aren't careful they can end up being pregnant or with and STI.

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STI

Can destroy the immune system, infections, fevers and infertility

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Pregnancy

Girl needs to dedicate her life to her child

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Seeking advice from health pros

Can advise young people about nutrition, immunisation, stress and anxiety management to optimise health

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Tobaccos smoking in the home

Non smokers are exposed to 4000 chemicals.

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Short term affects of environmental tobacco smoke

Preventing lungs to function at their optimal, suffer from asthma, getting sick and breathing problems

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Long term affects of environ,entail tobacco smoking

Taking up smoking when they get older which can lead to cancer and other diseases

46

Housing environment
Physical aspects of HE that can affect health and development

Indoor pollutants, kitchen facilities, drinking water quality, number of bedrooms and safety of the housing

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Work environment
Impact of having a job

Social: interact with customers and work mates
Physical: certain jobs require moving around or lifting things
Mental: can be stressful if they work too much

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Access to recreational facilities
Benefits to having access to ^^

Physical: provides you to be physically active
Social: meet new people and build friendships
Mental: helps you stress less and feel more relaxed

49

Family cohesion

The closeness or bonds between family member

50

Socio economic status components

Education, occupation and income

51

Why is important to look at the SES of parents when estimating the effect on youth

Kids live under their parents houses which mean they provide for them financially

52

Media
Ways media can affect health

Children are more focused on the Internet/to then participating in sport and doing their homework. Some are so obsessed that they don't eat. Too much time being sedentary

53

Community civic participation

Being involved in community groups gives young people a social network and can give them a sense of achievement

54

Access to education
Factors preventing

Having access to multimedia resources, geographical barriers, social and cultural factors and SES reasons

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How could families poor ability to get along impact h&d

Makes an individual sad knowing they don't have a strong relationship, feel alone, may rebel again family or develop a mental illness

56

How can having no parents in paid jobs effect hhd of youth

It'll be harder to get an education, participate in sport, by healthy food and get to social events