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Flashcards in Development Issues Deck (46):
1

3 aspects of development

Economic
Social
Environmental

2

Development indicators

Wealth
Health
Education

3

Economic indicators of development

Inform us about wealth and income of a country or region

4

Example of a economic indicator

How much money people spend on luxury goods
The number of computers in society
How much electricity the country uses

5

The most common economic indicator

GDP

6

What is GDP

Total value of good and services produced in a year
Gross domestic product

7

What is GDP per capita

Indicates how much money every person in the court would have in a year if it were divided equally

8

Social indicators of development


Measure the conditions in the society that affect people's quality of life
Life expectancy
Infant mortality
Literacy

9

What is life expectancy

The average age which people can expect to reach

10

What is infant mortality

The number of babies per 1000 live births who die before the age of 1

11

What is literacy

The percentage of the population over 15 years who can read and write

12

Environmental indicators of development

Show the impact of human activity on the environment and natural resources

Measures the extent and the affects of human impact on the environment

13

Examples of environmental indicators

The percentage of polluting gases in the atmosphere
The quantity of non renewable resources which are used
The drop in fish stocks on the oceans
The quality of water in the rivers and lakes

14

HDI

Human development index

15

What is HDI

An indicator that includes three other indicators
GDP per capita
Education
Life expectancy

16

Why was HDI created

To include the social aspects of development as well as economic aspects

17

True or false
HDI includes environmental aspects

False
The HDI does not include any environmental aspects

18

Top 2 countries for the best HDI

Norway and Australia

19

Worst 2 countries for HDI

Niger
Democratic republic of Congo

20

What was South Africa ranked with HDI

123 out of 187

21

What is MEDC

More economically developed countries
Are wealthier countries that have high income levels and high quality of life

22

What is LEDC

Less economically Developed countries
Are poorer countries which often have a low quality of life
And aiming to improve their developments ✨

23

Factors affecting development

Historical reasons
Political stability
Education
Health and welfare
Technology and industrialization
Trade

24

Historical factor

Colonialism

25

What is colonialism

The policy of take control of other countries in order to benefit from trade

26

How did colonialism affect many countries

Between 1500 and 1900 European countries conquered and rules many parts of the world

27

Trade reasons for differences in development

Imbalances
Unfair trade

28

Globalisation is a continuation of the ______________

Unequal trading relationships that began under colonism

29

What is globalization

The economic social and technological exchange between countries

30

What is multinationals

Companies that use local raw materials and labor to produce goods in LEDCs

31

How does international trade help the world

Helps to circulate natural resources and manufactured goods between different parts of the world

32

How trade can hold back development

Rich countries pay low prices for raw materials
Workers and producers get low wages
Poor people do not have enough money
Sometimes people are poorly fed and unhealthy
Governments do not collect enough to taxes to provide education and health care
People do not become more skilled

33

How trade can lead to development

Countries receive higher prices for products
Workers and producers receive higher wages
Governments collects taxes to provide education and health care
People become skilled
People are healthier
Countries sell manufactures goods at higher prices

34

Stages in Koreas Industrialization

Stage 1 : reduce the need to import products
Invested in local industries

Stage 2 : develop export industries
Exports of Tvs cars computers

Stage 3 : invest and develop modern technology
Export high technology product such as space technology

35

Health and welfare reasons for differences in development

Health care
Nutrition
Basic municipal services
Job opportunities
Education
Housing
Roads and transport
Security and peace of mind

36

Education reasons for differences in development

Reduces poverty
Makes society's more equal
Increases Welfare
Creates a stable society
Produces skilled workers
Helps fight HIV
Spreads knowledge

37

What is work force

The number of people of working age who are available to work

38

Political stability reasons for differences in development

Counties that are not experiencing
Conflict
Wars
Political disturbances
Social unrest

39

Alternative development

Focuses on providing basic human needs and reducing poverty

40

Conventional development

More concerned with achieving economic growth trough the use of technology and industry

41

Conventional aspects

Uses more technology and industrialization as the focus of development
Local people have limited participation
May increase inequalities
Focus on economic growth
Controlled by powerful businesses
Favors development in urban areas

42

Alternative aspects

Focuses on basic need
Supports rural communities
Emphasis's peoples quality of life
Involves people in making decision
Prefers a participatory approval
Aims to empower people

43

Sustainable alternative development

More concerned with the well being of people than with making money

44

Sustainable alternative development aspects

Health
Security rule of law
Basic infrastructure
Education
Community development
Agricultural development
Improved markets
Environmental production
Gender equality

45

Sustainable development including economic social and environmental factors

Development that meets people's needs in the present without making it difficult for them to meet their needs in the future

46

Important a points on sustainable development

Is not expensive to run
Does not damage environment
Uses local resources sustainably
Develops local skills
Encourages small scale community projects
Uses simple and appropriated technology