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Flashcards in Development of weapons Deck (32):
1

When did the USSR successfully test their first nuclear bomb?

28th August 1949

2

What was the first USSR nuclear bomb called and what type was it?

First Lightning
Plutonium bomb

3

Where was the first USSR nuclear bomb tested?

Semipalatinsk -21
North East Kazakhstan

4

What had been the USA prediction for when the USSR would successfully test a nuclear bomb?

1953

5

When did Truman announce that the USA would start building a hydrogen bomb?

January 1950

6

How did a hydrogen bomb differ from the current nuclear weapons/

Used nuclear fusion
5x more powerful explosion than one using nuclear fission

7

When did the USA first successfully test a hydrogen bomb and what was it called?

November 1952
Ivy Mike

8

What was the advantage of a Lithium bomb to a hydrogen bomb?

Did not need to be refrigerated
Easier to store and deploy

9

When did the USSR Successfully test a lithium bomb?

August 1953
Joe 4

10

When did the USA successfully test a lithium bomb?

1st march 1954
Castle Bravo

11

What were the different strengths of the nuclear bombs the two superpowers tested?

Ivy Mike -USA- November 1952 - 10 megatons
Joe 4 - USSR - August 1953 - 400 Kilotons
Castle Bravo - USA - March 1954 - 15 megatons
RDS-37 - USSR - November 1955 - 1.6 megatons
Tsar Bomba - USSR - October 1961 - 50 megatons

12

What was the first bomber with intercontinental range and when was it created?

B52 Startofortress
USA
1955

13

What was SAC?

Strategic air command
USA's main nuclear weapons strike force
bomber on 24 hour alert

14

What was the USSR's response to the B52?

TU20 Bear
created in 1956
copied the b52 design

15

When was the first ICBM tested and by who?

may 1957
USSR

16

When was sputnik launched?

4th october 1957
first space sattelite

17

When was sputnik II launched and what was significant about it?

3rd November 1957
with a dog - Laika

18

Who was the first man in space and when?

Yuri Gagarin in Vostok 1
April 1961

19

What was the problem with USSR's nuclear weapons in 1957?

Their powerful weapons such as the Tsar Bomba could not be massed produced

20

When was the first USA satellite launched and what was it?

January 1958
Explorer

21

When was the first USA icbm?

October 1959
SM-65 Atlas

22

What did Eisenhower do in 1958?

Increased funding for science education and research

23

When was the first submarine launched nuclear missile deployed?

July 1960
USA
Polaris

24

When was NASA created and what does it stand for?

1958
National Aeronautical Space Administartion

25

strategic bombers in 1956

USA - 560
USSR - 60

26

strategic bombers in 1960

USA - 550
USSR - 175

27

strategic bombers in 1965

USA - 630
USSR - 200

28

USA atomic bombs

1950 - 288
1955 - 2422
1962 - 27100

29

ICBM's in 1960

USA - 20
USSR - 30

30

ICBM's in 1964

USA - 835
USSR - 200

31

SLBM's (submarine missiles) in 1962

USA - 145
USSR -45

32

SLBM's (submarine missiles) in 1965

USA - 500
USSR - 125