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Flashcards in Development Of West & Immigration Deck (15):
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Populism

Favors the common persons interest over those of wealthy people

1

Homestead act

An 1862 federal law that granted tracts of land called homesteads to western settlers who agreed to work the land and live on it for 5 years

2

Exoduster

African Americans who migrated from the south to the Great Plains following the civil war

3

Assimilation

The absorption of people into the dominant culture

4

Deflation

a decrease in the amount of available money or credit in an economy that causes prices to go down

5

Inflation

a continual increase in the price of goods and services

6

Dawes act

An 1887 law distributing land to individual Indians rather than to tribes, thereby encouraging Indians to become assimilated

7

Steerage

The open area below a steamships main deck, where most immigrants lived during the Atlantic crossing

8

Chinese exclusion act

An 1882 law prohibiting immigration of Chinese laborers for 10 years and preventing Chinese already in the country from becoming citizens; the first US immigration restrictions based solely on nationality or race

9

Settlement house

A community center that provided a variety of services to the poor, especially to imigrants

10

Tenement

A rundown apartment building

11

Ellis island/angle island

Ports of entry for European and asian immigrants arriving in New York and San Francisco between 1892-1954

12

Nativism

The policy of favoring the interest of nativeborn Americans over those of immigrants

13

Ghost dance

A group dance that American Indians messianic cult believed to promote the return of the dead

14

Farmers Allianz

Was a organized agrarian movement