Flashcards in Developmental Psychology: Impact of Day Care Deck (15):
What is daycare?
Daycare is a form of temporary care, not given by family members or someone well known to the child. it is sometimes referred to as 'non-parental care'.
Name a study investigating a negative effect on aggression
National institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) study
What did the NICHD do?
It was a longitudinal study to study different aspects of child development using over 1000 children from diverse families and locations.
What did the NICHD study find?
Adults who were asked to rate the children, rated the participating children as aggressive disobedient and assertive. Children in full-time daycare were close to three-times more likely to show behavioural problems than those cared for by their mother.
What do the findings from the NICHD study show?
They found that the more time children spent in daycare the more aggressive and disobedient they would become.
Name a study investigating negative effect on peer relations
Belsky and Rovine
What did Belsky and Rovine do?
They used the strange situation on children who had spent 20 hours or more in daycare per week before they were one year old.
What did Belsky and Rovine find?
These children were more likely to be insecurely attached compared with children at home.
What conclusions can we draw from the findings of Belsky and Rovine's study?
That Children in daycare are more likely to be insecurely attached and therefore less successful in peer relations.
Name a study studies which looks into the positive effects of daycare
Clarke-Stewart and associates
What did Clarke-Stewart do?
They studied 150 children.
What did Clarke-Stewart find?
Those children in daycare were consistently more advanced in social development, independence, and social interactions with peers.
Name another study studies which looks into the positive effects of daycare
The EPPE project
What did the EPPE do?
They followed the development of 3000 children in various pre-school educational settings in the UK.