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CPC2: Endocrine block > Diabetes complications > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diabetes complications Deck (6)
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  what is the measure of chronic kidney disease in diabetes? How do you screen for it

T1D: annually after puberty; T2D: annually after diagnosis

Make sure no transient causes present

albumin creatinine ratio > 2mg/mmol

& or EGFR <60ml/min

on 2/3 occasions OR ACR> 20 (super high so diagnostic)



what are the macrovascular complications of diabetes

  1. cerebral vascular disease
  2. coronary artery disease
  3. peripheral vascular disease
  4. foot problems


hwta are the microvascular complications

  1. retinopathy
  2. nephropathy
  3. ED
  4. peripheral neuropathy


How to prevent nephropathy/ control nephropathy

Intensive diabetes control aka control blood sugars

and prescribe SGLT2

and ccontrol hypertensions (ACEi or ARBs)


what are the risk factors for neuropathies

  • smoking
  • high triglycerides
  • high BMI
  • hypertension
  • high blood sugar


neuropathhy treatment

intensive glycemic control

can prescribe meds for pain eg. anticonvulsants and antidepressants