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CPC2: Endocrine block > Diabetes complications > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diabetes complications Deck (6)
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1

  what is the measure of chronic kidney disease in diabetes? How do you screen for it

T1D: annually after puberty; T2D: annually after diagnosis

Make sure no transient causes present

albumin creatinine ratio > 2mg/mmol

& or EGFR <60ml/min

on 2/3 occasions OR ACR> 20 (super high so diagnostic)

 

2

what are the macrovascular complications of diabetes

  1. cerebral vascular disease
  2. coronary artery disease
  3. peripheral vascular disease
  4. foot problems

3

hwta are the microvascular complications

  1. retinopathy
  2. nephropathy
  3. ED
  4. peripheral neuropathy

4

How to prevent nephropathy/ control nephropathy

Intensive diabetes control aka control blood sugars

and prescribe SGLT2

and ccontrol hypertensions (ACEi or ARBs)

5

what are the risk factors for neuropathies

  • smoking
  • high triglycerides
  • high BMI
  • hypertension
  • high blood sugar

6

neuropathhy treatment

intensive glycemic control

can prescribe meds for pain eg. anticonvulsants and antidepressants