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CPC2: Endocrine block > diabetes physiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in diabetes physiology Deck (11)
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1

What are the conditions that can result in an Anion Gap? 

Methanol

Uremia

DKA

Paraldehyde

Isoniazid

Lactic Acidosis

ETOH/Ethylene

Glycol Salicylates

2

What are conditions that result in non-anion gap metabolic acidosis

Hyeralimenation

Acetazolamide

Renal tubular acidosis

Diarrhea Retosigmoid fistula

3

3 functions of insulin

4

What is diabetes

defective insulin secretion or action leading to hyperglycemia and eventully complications

5

What is the mechanism behind type 1 diabetes

Autoimmune destruction of beta cells--> no insulin

6

What is DKA

State of insulin deficiency where FAT is used as fuel resulting in ketones and acidosis

7

What type of hormone is insulin and what does it do?

  1. Gene expression and cell growth
  2. Glycogen synthesis
  3. Triglyceride storage in adipose tissue
  4. Glucose uptake

8

Describe the relationship between insulin resistance and insulin concentration

Type 2 diabetics try to increase tier insulin concentration to cope with insulin resistance

9

Compare and Contrast T1D and T2D

10

Compare DKA to HHS

11

What are some factros to consider to know if someone is T1D or T2D