Diabetic Foot Flashcards Preview

Endocrine > Diabetic Foot > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diabetic Foot Deck (18)
1

in peripheral vascular disease, arterial occlusion happens in what foot arteries?

1. tibial
2. peroneal

2

contributing risk factors to PVD besides diabetes (3)

1. smoking
2. HTN
3. hyperlipidemia

3

better prognosis assc'd with ankle brachial index >____, transcutaneous O2 >____

ankle brachial index >0.5, transcutaneous O2 >30

4

normal ABI

above 0.9

5

ABI is calculated how?

lower extremity systolic presure/brachial artery systolic pressure

6

what can lead to falsely elevated ABI readings in diabetics?

arterial calcification

7

what test to use to determine a person's healing potential of PVD

transcutaneous O2 pressure

8

when would arteriography, digital subtraction angiography, or magnetic resonance angiography be indicated?

is abnormal non-invasive exams

9

overuse injury with loss of protective sensation

neurotraumatic theory of charcot foot osteoarthropathy

10

vasomotor neuropathy-->AV shunting-->excessive bone resorption-->bone weakening-->fractures

neurovascular theory of charcot foot osteoarthropathy

11

a chronic wound will have ___MMP, ___TIMP

incr MMP, decr TIMP

12

wagner's grading of diabetic foot: superficial lesions

grade 1

13

wagner's grading of diabetic foot: deeper lesions that have not yet penetrated bone or fascial plane

grade 2

14

wagner's grading of diabetic foot: ulcers extend to bone, abscess may be present

grade 3

15

wagner's grading of diabetic foot: gangrenous forefoot

grade 4

16

wagner's grading of diabetic foot: entire foot is gangrene

grade 5

17

what type of swab should you get for a foot that you suspect is infected?

deep swab

18

first type of imaging to do to investigate infected foot

radiograph