Diagnosis, Treatment, & Surgery Flashcards Preview

PADS > Diagnosis, Treatment, & Surgery > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diagnosis, Treatment, & Surgery Deck (131):
1

aer/o

air, gas

2

bar/o

pressure

3

chrom/o

color, stain

4

chromat/o

color, stain

5

chron/o

time

6

cry/o

cold

7

electr/o

electricity

8

erg/o

work

9

aerobic

pertaining to or requiring air (oxygen)

10

barometer

instrument used to measure pressure

11

chromatic

having color

12

chronologic

arranged according to the time of occurrence

13

cryoprobe

instrument used to apply extreme cold

14

electrolysis

decomposition of a substance by means of electric current

15

synergistic

working together with increased effect, such as certain drugs in combination

16

phon/o

sound, voice

17

phonograph

instrument used to reproduce sound

18

phot/o

light

19

photoreaction

response to light

20

radi/o

radiation, x-ray

21

radiology

study and use of radiation

22

son/o

sound

23

sonogram

record obtained by use of ultrasound

24

therm/o

heat, temperature

25

hypothermia

abnormally low body temperature

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Inspection

Visual Examination

27

Palpation

Touching body surface with hands, fingers

28

Percussion

Tapping body and listening to sounds made

29

Auscultation

Using a stethoscope to listen to body sounds

30

Ophthalmoscope

For examining eyes

31

Otoscope

For examining ears

32

Hammer

For testing reflexes

33

Sphygmomanometer

(blood pressure cuff)
For measuring blood pressure

34

Stethoscope

Use for listening to sounds produced within the body

35

Endoscope

Examines body cavities

36

Follow up done with

prognosis (prediction of outcome of disease)

37

-graph

instrument for recording data

38

polygraph

instrument used to record many physiologic responses simultaneously; lie detector

39

-graphy

act of recording data*

40

echography

recording data obtained by ultrasound

41

-gram†

a record of data

42

electrocardiogram

record of the heart's electrical activity

43

-meter

instrument for measuring

44

calorimeter

instrument for measuring the caloric energy of food

45

-metry

measurement of

46

audiometry

measurement of hearing (audi/o)

47

-scope

instrument for viewing or examining

48

bronchoscope

instrument for examining the bronchi (breathing passages)

49

-scopy

examination of

50

celioscopy

examination of the abdominal cavity (celi/o)

51

-centesis

puncture, tap

52

arthrocentesis

puncture of a joint (arthr/o)

53

-desis

binding, fusion

54

pleurodesis

binding of the pleura (membranes around the lungs)

55

-ectomy

excision, surgical removal

56

hepatectomy

excision of liver tissue (hepat/o)

57

-pexy

surgical fixation

58

hysteropexy

surgical fixation of the uterus (hyster/o)

59

-plasty

plastic repair, plastic surgery, reconstruction

60

rhinoplasty

plastic surgery of the nose (rhin/o)

61

-rhaphy

surgical repair, suture

62

herniorrhaphy

surgical repair of a hernia (herni/o)

63

-stomy

surgical creation of an opening

64

-tome

instrument for incising (cutting)

65

-tomy

incision, cutting

66

-tripsy

crushing

67

tracheostomy

creation of an opening into the trachea (trache/o)

68

microtome

instrument for cutting thin sections of tissue for microscopic study

69

laparotomy

surgical incision of the abdomen (lapar/o)

70

neurotripsy

crushing of a nerve (neur/o)

71

anesthesia

Loss of the ability to feel pain, as by administration of a drug

72

auscultation

Listening for sounds within the body, usually within the chest or abdomen

73

biopsy

Removal of a small amount of tissue for microscopic examination

74

cautery

Destruction of tissue by a damaging agent, such as a harmful chemical, heat, or electric current (electrocautery); cauterization

75

chemotherapy

Use of chemicals to treat disease. The term is often applied specifically to the treatment of cancer with chemicals

76

diagnosis

The process of determining the cause and nature of an illness

77

endoscope

An instrument for examining the inside of an organ or cavity through a body opening or small incision; most endoscopes use fiberoptics for viewing

78

excision

Removal by cutting (suffix: -ectomy)

79

fixation

Holding or fastening a structure in a fixed position (suffix: -pexy)

80

grading

A method for evaluating a tumor based on microscopic examination of the cells

81

immunotherapy

Treatment that involves stimulation or suppression of the immune system, either specifically or nonspecifically

82

incision

A cut, as for surgery; also the act of cutting (suffix: -tomy)

83

inspection

Visual examination of the body

84

laser

A device that transforms light into a beam of intense heat and power; used for surgery and diagnosis

85

ophthalmoscope

An instrument for examining the interior of the eye

86

otoscope

Instrument used to examine the ears

87

palliative

Providing relief but not cure; a treatment that provides such relief

88

palpation

Examining by placing the hands or fingers on the surface of the body to determine characteristics such as texture, temperature, movement, and consistency

89

percussion

Tapping the body lightly but sharply to assess the condition of the underlying tissue by the sounds obtained

90

prognosis

Prediction of the course and outcome of a disease

91

radiography

Use of x-rays passed through the body to make a visual record (radiograph) of internal structures on specially sensitized film; roentgenography (rent-ge-NOG-ra-fē)

92

remission

A lessening of disease symptoms; the period during which this decrease occurs or the period when no sign of a disease exists

93

sign

Objective evidence of disease that can be observed or tested; examples are fever, rash, high blood pressure, and blood or urine abnormalities; an objective symptom

94

sphygmomanometer

Blood pressure apparatus or blood pressure cuff; pressure is read in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) when the heart is contracting (systolic pressure) and when the heart is relaxing (diastolic pressure) and is reported as systolic/diastolic

95

staging

The process of classifying malignant tumors for diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis

96

stethoscope

An instrument used for listening to sounds produced within the body (from the Greek root steth/o, meaning “chest”)

97

surgery

A method for treating disease or injury by manual operations

98

suture

To unite parts by stitching them together; also the thread or other material used in that process or the seam formed by surgical stitching (suffix: -rhaphy)

99

symptom

Any evidence of disease; sometimes limited to subjective evidence of disease, as experienced by the individual, such as pain, dizziness, and weakness

100

therapy

Treatment; intervention

101

vital signs

Measurements that reflect basic functions necessary to maintain life

102

clubbing

Enlargement of the ends of the fingers and toes because of soft-tissue growth of the nails; seen in a variety of diseases, especially lung and heart diseases

103

colic

Acute abdominal pain associated with smooth-muscle spasms

104

cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of the skin due to lack of oxygen

105

diaphoresis

Profuse sweating

106

malaise

A feeling of discomfort or uneasiness, often indicative of infection

107

nocturnal

Pertaining to or occurring at night (roots noct/i and nyct/o mean “night”)

108

pallor

Paleness; lack of color

109

prodrome

A symptom indicating an approaching disease

110

sequela

A lasting effect of a disease (plural, sequelae)

111

syncope

A temporary loss of consciousness because of inadequate blood flow to the brain; fainting

112

alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)

A fetal protein that appears in the blood of adults with certain types of cancer

113

bruit

A sound, usually abnormal, heard in auscultation

114

facies

The expression or appearance of the face

115

nuclear medicine

The branch of medicine concerned with the use of radioactive substances (radionuclides) for diagnosis, therapy, and research

116

radiology

The branch of medicine that uses radiation, such as x-rays, in the diagnosis and treatment of disease; a specialist in this field is a radiologist

117

radionuclide

A substance that gives off radiation; used for diagnosis and treatment; also called radioisotope or radiopharmaceutical

118

speculum

An instrument for examining a canal

119

syndrome

A group of signs and symptoms that together characterize a disease condition

120

catheter

A thin tube that can be passed into the body; used to remove fluids from or introduce fluids into a body cavity `

121

clysis

The introduction of fluid into the body, other than orally, as into the rectum or abdominal cavity; also refers to the solution thus used

122

irrigation

Flushing of a tube, cavity, or area with a fluid

123

lavage

The washing out of a cavity; irrigation

124

normal saline solution (NS)

A salt (NaCl) solution compatible with living cells; also called physiologic saline solution (PSS)

125

paracentesis

Puncture of a cavity for removal of fluid

126

prophylaxis

Prevention of disease

127

drain

Device for allowing matter to escape from a wound or cavity; common types include Penrose (cigarette), T-tube, Jackson-Pratt (J-P), and Hemovac

128

ligature

A tie or bandage; the process of binding or tying (also called ligation)

129

resection

Partial excision of a structure

130

stapling

In surgery, the joining of tissue by using wire staples that are pushed through the tissue and then bent

131

surgeon

One who specializes in surgery