Diagnostic Imaging (Irene Gold) Part II and III Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Diagnostic Imaging (Irene Gold) Part II and III Deck (456)
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1

Who are all Benign Bone Tumors (BBT) referred to?

Orthopedist

2

What are the four characteristics of all Benign Bone Tumors (BBT)?

Short zone of transition
Incidental finding
Geographic lesion
Encapsulated

3

What is the name of the most common Benign Bone Tumor (BBT) of the appendicular skeleton?

Osteochondroma

4

What are two types of Osteochondromas?

Pedunculated (Coat Hanger Exostosis/Cauliflower like)
Sessile

5

What is the name for multiple Osteochondromas?

Hereditary Multiple Exostosis (HME)

6

What percentage of Hereditary Multiple Exostosis (HME) undergo malignancy?

20%

7

What is another name for a Unicameral Bone Cyst (UBC)?

Simple Bone Cyst (SBC)

8

What is the location of a Simple Bone Cyst (SBC)?

Diaphyseal/Metaphyseal
Centrally Located

9

What age is a Simple Bone Cyst (SBC) usually seen in?

Under the age of 20 years old

10

What are the common locations of a Simple Bone Cyst (SBC) to appear?

Proximal:
Tibia
Fibula
Humerus

11

What Radiographic sign is associated with a Simple Bone Cyst (SBC)?

Fallen Fragment Sign

12

What is the location of a Aneurysmal Bone Cyst (ABC)?

Diaphyseal/Metaphyseal
Eccentrically Located

13

What age and gender is an Aneurysmal Bone Cyst (ABC) usually seen in?

Females under the age of 20

14

What is the location of a Giant Cell Tumor (GCT)?

Epiphyseal/Metaphyseal

15

What age range usually has a Giant Cell Tumor (GCT)?

20-40 year olds

16

What "classification" do 20% of Giant Cell Tumors become?

Quasi-Malignant

17

What are five "characteristics" of a Quasi-Malignant tumor?

Non-Expansible
Pain and Swelling present
Pathological fracture
Reduce after surgery
Can come back

18

What kind of appearance is seen on x-ray of a Giant Cell Tumor (GCT)?

Soap Bubble (Saponaceous)

19

What is the location of a Chondroblastoma?

Epiphyseal/Metaphyseal

20

What age would you commonly see a Chondroblastoma?

Younger than the age of 20

21

What two Benign Bone Tumors (BBT) have night pain relieved by aspirin?

Osteoid Osteoma
Brodie's Abscess (Chronic Osteomyelitis)

22

What is another name for a Brodie's Abscess?

Chronic Osteomyelitis

23

What is the x-ray appearance for a Osteoid Osteoma and Brodie's Abscess?

Radiolucent central "nidus" with severe reactive sclerosis

24

What is the most common Benign Bone Tumor (BBT) of the hand?

Enchondroma

25

What kind of appearance with an Enchondroma have?

Stippled
Cortical thinning

26

What is the name of the condition that is multiple Enchondromas?

Ollier's Disease

27

What percentage of people with Ollier's Disease may have malignant degeneration?

10%-50%

28

What two things will patients with Ollier's Disease have?

Predisposed to fracture
Permanent Deformities

29

If a patient has soft tissue calcification and Enchondromas what is the condition called?

Maffucci's Syndrome

30

What is the most common Benign Bone Tumor (BBT) of the spine?

Hemangioma