Flashcards in Dialysis Deck (11):
What substances does dialysis remove from the body?
What does dialysis infuse into the body?
What is the minimum amount of time patients should spend on dialysis a week?
3 times a weel
What substances does the patient have to reduce intake of?
Fluid (less than 1litre)
Low salt diet
Low phosphate (phosphate binding medication also)
What is the gold standard way of getting access for dialysis?
Join and artery and vein together to make an enlarged thick walled vein called an arteriovenous fistula
How long do you have to wait after making an arteriovenous fistula before it can be used for dialysis?
What antibiotics would you use to treated an infected venous catheter?
Vancomycin (and exchange/remove line)
How does peritoneal dialysis work?
Solutes in the peritoneal membrane are removed by osmosis
Why is there an increased risk of hernias in peritoneal dialysis?
Increased intrabdominal pressure
List 4 metabolic complications seen in end stage kidney disease
Bone mineral metabolism problems
Sodium and water retention
Accelerated CV disease